Numbers 20:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These were the waters of Meribah, where the Israelites quarreled with the LORD and where he was proved holy among them.

King James Bible
This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.

Darby Bible Translation
These are the waters of Meribah, where the children of Israel contended with Jehovah, and he hallowed himself in them.

World English Bible
These are the waters of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with Yahweh, and he was sanctified in them.

Young's Literal Translation
These are waters of Meribah, because the sons of Israel have 'striven' with Jehovah, and He is sanctified upon them.

Numbers 20:13 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Because ye believed me not - What was the offense for which Moses was excluded from the promised land? It appears to have consisted in some or all of the following particulars:

1. God had commanded him (Numbers 20:8) to take the rod in his hand, and go and Speak To The Rock, and it should give forth water. It seems Moses did not think speaking would be sufficient, therefore he smote the rock without any command so to do.

2. He did this twice, which certainly in this case indicated a great perturbation of spirit, and want of attention to the presence of God.

3. He permitted his spirit to be carried away by a sense of the people's disobedience, and thus, being provoked, he was led to speak unadvisedly with his lips: Hear now, ye Rebels, Numbers 20:10.

4. He did not acknowledge God in the miracle which was about to be wrought, but took the honor to himself and Aaron: "Must We fetch you water out of this rock?"

Thus it plainly appears that they did not properly believe in God, and did not honor him in the sight of the people; for in their presence they seem to express a doubt whether the thing could be possibly done. As Aaron appears to have been consenting in the above particulars, therefore he is also excluded from the promised land.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the water

Deuteronomy 33:8 And of Levi he said, Let your Thummim and your Urim be with your holy one, whom you did prove at Massah...

Psalm 95:8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Psalm 106:32 They angered him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes:

Meribah, strife

Exodus 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel...

Deuteronomy 32:51 Because you trespassed against me among the children of Israel at the waters of MeribahKadesh, in the wilderness of Zin...

he was

Isaiah 5:16 But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.

Ezekiel 20:41 I will accept you with your sweet smell, when I bring you out from the people...

Ezekiel 36:23 And I will sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the heathen, which you have profaned in the middle of them...

Ezekiel 38:16 And you shall come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days...

August 17. "Speak Ye unto the Rock" (Num. xx. 8).
"Speak ye unto the Rock" (Num. xx. 8). The Holy Ghost is very sensitive, as love always is. You can conquer a wild beast by blows and chains, but you cannot conquer a woman's heart that way, or win the love of a sensitive nature; that must be wooed by the delicate touches of trust and affection. So the Holy Ghost has to be taken by a faith as delicate and sensitive as the gentle heart with whom it is coming in touch. One thought of unbelief, one expression of impatient distrust or fear, will instantly
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Baptist's Inquiry and Jesus' Discourse Suggested Thereby.
(Galilee.) ^A Matt. XI. 2-30; ^C Luke VII. 18-35. ^c 18 And the disciples of John told him of all these things. ^a 2 Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent by his disciples ^c 19 And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them unto the Lord [John had been cast into prison about December, a.d. 27, and it was now after the Passover, possibly in May or June, a.d. 28. Herod Antipas had cast John into prison because John had reproved him for taking his brother's wife.
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Exodus 17:7
And he called the place Massah and Meribah because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the LORD saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"

Deuteronomy 33:8
About Levi he said: "Your Thummim and Urim belong to your faithful servant. You tested him at Massah; you contended with him at the waters of Meribah.

Psalm 81:7
In your distress you called and I rescued you, I answered you out of a thundercloud; I tested you at the waters of Meribah.

Psalm 95:8
"Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness,

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