Numbers 17:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses, "Put back Aaron's staff in front of the ark of the covenant law, to be kept as a sign to the rebellious. This will put an end to their grumbling against me, so that they will not die."

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a token against the rebels; and thou shalt quite take away their murmurings from me, that they die not.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses, Bring Aaron's staff again before the testimony, to be kept as a token for the sons of rebellion, that thou mayest put an end to their murmurings before me, that they may not die.

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses, "Put back the rod of Aaron before the testimony, to be kept for a token against the children of rebellion; that you may make an end of their murmurings against me, that they not die."

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Put back the rod of Aaron, before the testimony, for a charge, for a sign to the sons of rebellion, and thou dost remove their murmurings from off me, and they do not die;'

Numbers 17:10 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The rod of Aaron - was budded, etc. - That is, on the same rod or staff were found buds, blossoms, and ripe fruit. This fact was so unquestionably miraculous, as to decide the business for ever; and probably this was intended to show that in the priesthood, represented by that of Aaron, the beginning, middle, and end of every good work must be found. The buds of good desires, the blossoms of holy resolutions and promising professions, and the ripe fruit of faith, love, and obedience, all spring from the priesthood of the Lord Jesus. It has been thought by some that Aaron's staff (and perhaps the staves of all the tribes) was made out of the amygdala communis, or common almond tree. In a favorable soil and climate it grows to twenty feet in height; is one of the most noble, flourishing trees in nature: its flowers are of a delicate red, and it puts them forth early in March, having begun to bud in January. It has its name שקד shaked from shakad, to awake, because it buds and flowers sooner than most other trees. And it is very likely that the staves of office, borne by the chiefs of all the tribes, were made of this tree, merely to signify that watchfulness and assiduous care which the chiefs should take of the persons committed, in the course of the Divine providence, to their keeping.

Every thing in this miracle is so far beyond the power of nature, that no doubt could remain on the minds of the people, or the envious chiefs, of the Divine appointment of Aaron, and of the especial interference of God in this case. To see a piece of wood long cut off from the parent stock, without bark or moisture remaining, laid up in a dry place for a single night, with others in the same circumstances - to see such a piece of wood resume and evince the perfection of vegetative life, budding, blossoming, and bringing forth ripe fruit at the same time, must be such a demonstration of the peculiar interference of God, as to silence every doubt and satisfy every scruple. It is worthy of remark that a scepter, or staff of office, resuming its vegetative life, was considered an absolute impossibility among the ancients; and as they were accustomed to swear by their sceptres, this circumstance was added to establish and confirm the oath. A remarkable instance of this we have in Homer, Iliad, lib. i., ver. 233, etc., where Achilles, in his rage against Agamemnon, thus speaks: -

Αλλ' εκ τοι ερεω, και επι μεγαν ὁρκον ομουμαι·

Ναι μα τοδε σκηπτρον, το μεν ουποτε φυλλα και οζους

Φυσει, επειδη πρωτα τομην εν ορεσσι λελοιπεν,

Ουδ' αναθηλησει· περι γαρ ῥα ἑ χαλκος ελεψε

Φυλλα τε και φλοιον·

ὁ δε τοι μεγας εσσεται ὁρκος.

But hearken: I shall swear a solemn oath:

By this same scepter which shall never bud,

Nor boughs bring forth, as once; which, having left

Its parent on the mountain top, what time

The woodman's axe lopp'd off its foliage green,

And stripp'd its bark, shall never grow again.


Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bring Aaron,s

Hebrews 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna...

for a token

Numbers 16:38,40 The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates for a covering of the altar...

Exodus 16:32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commands, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations...

Deuteronomy 31:19-26 Now therefore write you this song for you, and teach it the children of Israel: put it in their mouths...

rebels heb. children of rebellion.

1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

1 Samuel 30:22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us...

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows...

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD has spoken, I have nourished and brought up children...

Hosea 10:9 O Israel, you have sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood...

Ephesians 2:2,3 Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air...

Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things comes the wrath of God on the children of disobedience.

and thou

Numbers 17:5 And it shall come to pass, that the man's rod, whom I shall choose, shall blossom...

The Fifth Commandment
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.' Exod 20: 12. Having done with the first table, I am next to speak of the duties of the second table. The commandments may be likened to Jacob's ladder: the first table respects God, and is the top of the ladder that reaches to heaven; the second respects superiors and inferiors, and is the foot of the ladder that rests on the earth. By the first table, we walk religiously towards God; by
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:10
And do not grumble, as some of them did--and were killed by the destroying angel.

Hebrews 9:4
which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.

Exodus 16:34
As the LORD commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna with the tablets of the covenant law, so that it might be preserved.

Numbers 17:4
Place them in the tent of meeting in front of the ark of the covenant law, where I meet with you.

Numbers 17:9
Then Moses brought out all the staffs from the LORD's presence to all the Israelites. They looked at them, and each of the leaders took his own staff.

Numbers 17:11
Moses did just as the LORD commanded him.

Numbers 20:9
So Moses took the staff from the LORD's presence, just as he commanded him.

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