Matthew 5:42
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

King James Bible
Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

Darby Bible Translation
To him that asks of thee give, and from him that desires to borrow of thee turn not away.

World English Bible
Give to him who asks you, and don't turn away him who desires to borrow from you.

Young's Literal Translation
to him who is asking of thee be giving, and him who is willing to borrow from thee thou mayest not turn away.

Matthew 5:42 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow - To give and lend freely to all who are in need, is a general precept from which we are only excused by our inability to perform it. Men are more or less obliged to it as they are more or less able, as the want is more or less pressing, as they are more or less burthened with common poor, or with necessitous relatives. In all these matters, both prudence and charity must be consulted. That God, who makes use of the beggar's hand to ask our charity, is the same from whom we ourselves beg our daily bread: and dare we refuse Him! Let us show at least mildness and compassion, when we can do no more; and if we cannot or will not relieve a poor man, let us never give him an ill word nor an ill look. If we do not relieve him, we have no right to insult him.

To give and to lend, are two duties of charity which Christ joins together, and which he sets on equal footing. A rich man is one of God's stewards: God has given him money for the poor, and he cannot deny it without an act of injustice. But no man, from what is called a principle of charity or generosity, should give that in alms which belongs to his creditors. Generosity is godlike; but justice has ever, both in law and Gospel, the first claim.

A loan is often more beneficial than an absolute gift: first, because it flatters less the vanity of him who lends; secondly, it spares more the shame of him who is in real want; and, thirdly, it gives less encouragement to the idleness of him who may not be very honest. However, no advantage should be taken of the necessities of the borrower: he who does so is, at least, half a murderer. The lending which our Lord here inculcates is that which requires no more than the restoration of the principal in a convenient time: otherwise to live upon trust is the sure way to pay double.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in...

Deuteronomy 15:7-14 If there be among you a poor man of one of your brothers within any of your gates in your land which the LORD your God gives you...

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Psalm 37:21,25,26 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, and gives...

Psalm 112:5-9 A good man shows favor, and lends: he will guide his affairs with discretion...

Proverbs 3:27,28 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of your hand to do it...

Proverbs 11:24,25 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds more than is meet, but it tends to poverty...

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he has given will he pay him again.

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days...

Isaiah 58:6-12 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free...

Daniel 4:27 Why, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to you, and break off your sins by righteousness...

Luke 6:30-36 Give to every man that asks of you; and of him that takes away your goods ask them not again...

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When you make a dinner or a supper, call not your friends, nor your brothers...

Romans 12:20 Therefore if your enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing you shall heap coals of fire on his head.

2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which sows bountifully shall reap also bountifully...

1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God...

Hebrews 6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, which you have showed toward his name...

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food...

1 John 3:16-18 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers...

Library
Agree with Thine Adversary
Eversley, 1861. Windsor Castle, 1867. St. Matthew v. 25, 26. "Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing." This parable our Lord seems to have spoken at least twice, as He did several others. For we find it also in the 12th
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Salt Without Savour
'Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.'--MATT. v. 13. These words must have seemed ridiculously presumptuous when they were first spoken, and they have too often seemed mere mockery and irony in the ages since. A Galilean peasant, with a few of his rude countrymen who had gathered round him, stands up there on the mountain, and says to them, 'You,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Lamp and the Bushel
'Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.'--Matt. v. 14-16. The conception of the office of Christ's disciples contained in these words is a still bolder one than that expressed by the preceding metaphor, which
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The New Form of the Old Law
'Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Deuteronomy 15:7
If anyone is poor among your fellow Israelites in any of the towns of the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward them.

Deuteronomy 15:8
Rather, be openhanded and freely lend them whatever they need.

Proverbs 21:26
All day long he craves for more, but the righteous give without sparing.

Ecclesiastes 11:2
Invest in seven ventures, yes, in eight; you do not know what disaster may come upon the land.

Matthew 5:41
If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles.

Luke 6:34
And if you lend to those from whom you expect repayment, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, expecting to be repaid in full.

1 Timothy 6:18
Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.

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