Matthew 4:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.'"

King James Bible
But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

Darby Bible Translation
But he answering said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word which goes out through God's mouth.

World English Bible
But he answered, "It is written, 'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.'"

Young's Literal Translation
But he answering said, 'It hath been written, Not upon bread alone doth man live, but upon every word coming forth from the mouth of God.'

Matthew 4:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But by (or, upon, επι) every word - Ρημα, in Greek, answers to דבר dabar in Hebrew, which means not only a word spoken, but also thing, purpose, appointment, etc. Our Lord's meaning seems to be this: God purposes the welfare of his creatures - all his appointments are calculated to promote this end. Some of them may appear to man to have a contrary tendency; but even fasting itself, when used in consequence of a Divine injunction, becomes a mean of supporting that life which it seems naturally calculated to impair or destroy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

It is.

Matthew 4:7,10 Jesus said to him, It is written again, You shall not tempt the Lord your God...

Luke 4:4,8,12 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God...

Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written aforetime were written for our learning...

Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:

Man.

Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled you, and suffered you to hunger, and fed you with manna, which you knew not, neither did your fathers know...

Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

but.

Matthew 14:16-21 But Jesus said to them, They need not depart; give you them to eat...

Exodus 16:8,15,35 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full...

Exodus 23:15 You shall keep the feast of unleavened bread: (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you...

1 Kings 17:12-16 And she said, As the LORD your God lives, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and...

2 Kings 4:42-44 And there came a man from Baalshalisha, and brought the man of God bread of the first fruits, twenty loaves of barley...

2 Kings 7:1,2 Then Elisha said, Hear you the word of the LORD; Thus said the LORD...

Haggai 2:16-19 Since those days were, when one came to an heap of twenty measures, there were but ten...

Malachi 3:9-11 You are cursed with a curse: for you have robbed me, even this whole nation...

Mark 6:38-44 He said to them, How many loaves have you? go and see. And when they knew, they say, Five, and two fishes...

Mark 8:4-9 And his disciples answered him, From where can a man satisfy these men with bread here in the wilderness...

John 6:5 When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come to him, he said to Philip, From where shall we buy bread...

*etc:

John 6:31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

*etc:

John 6:63 It is the spirit that vivifies; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I speak to you, they are spirit, and they are life.

but. That is, as Dr. Campbell renders, 'by every thing which God is pleased to appoint;' for [rhema,] which generally signifies a word, is, by a Hebraism, here taken for a thing, like davar, in Hebrew.

Library
Temptation
Eversley, 1872. Chester Cathedral, 1872. St Matt. iv. 3. "And when the tempter came to Him, he said, If Thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread." Let me say a few words to-day about a solemn subject, namely, Temptation. I do not mean the temptations of the flesh--the temptations which all men have to yield to the low animal nature in them, and behave like brutes. I mean those deeper and more terrible temptations, which our Lord conquered in that great struggle with
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

The Early Welcome and the First Ministers of the King
'From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. 18. And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 19. And He saith unto them, Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men. 20. And they straightway left their nets, and followed Him. 21. And going on from thence, He saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Knox -- the First Temptation of Christ
John Knox, the great Scottish reformer, was born at Giffordgate, four miles from Haddington, Scotland, in 1505. He first made his appearance as a preacher in Edinburgh, where he thundered against popery, but was imprisoned and sent to the galleys in 1546. In 1547 Edward VI secured his release and made him a royal chaplain, when he acquired the friendship of Cranmer and other reformers. On the accession of Mary (1553) he took refuge on the Continent. In 1556 he accepted the charge of a church in Geneva,
Various—The World's Great Sermons, Volume I

The Temptation in the Wilderness.
Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. And when the tempter came to him, he said, if thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
George MacDonald—Unspoken Sermons

Cross References
Deuteronomy 8:3
He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your ancestors had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD.

Matthew 15:11
What goes into someone's mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them."

Mark 7:20
He went on: "What comes out of a person is what defiles them.

John 15:26
"When the Advocate comes, whom I will send to you from the Father--the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father--he will testify about me.

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