Matthew 22:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He sent his servants to those who had been invited to the banquet to tell them to come, but they refused to come.

King James Bible
And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.

Darby Bible Translation
and sent his bondmen to call the persons invited to the wedding feast, and they would not come.

World English Bible
and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage feast, but they would not come.

Young's Literal Translation
and he sent forth his servants to call those having been called to the marriage-feasts, and they were not willing to come.

Matthew 22:3 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The kingdom of heaven - In Bereshith Rabba, sect. 62. fol. 60, there is a parable very similar to this, and another still more so in Sohar. Levit. fol. 40. But these rabbinical parables are vastly ennobled by passing through the hands of our Lord. It appears from Luke, Luke 14:15; etc., that it was at an entertainment that this parable was originally spoken. It was a constant practice of our Lord to take the subjects of his discourses from the persons present, or from the circumstances of times, persons, and places. See Matthew 16:6; John 4:7-10; John 6:26, John 6:27; John 7:37. A preacher that can do so can never be at a loss for text or sermon.

A marriage for his son - A marriage feast, so the word γαμους properly means. Or a feast of inauguration, when his son was put in possession of the government, and thus he and his new subjects became married together. See 1 Kings 1:5-9, 1 Kings 1:19, 1 Kings 1:25, etc., where such a feast is mentioned.

From this parable it appears plain,

1. That the King means the great God.

2. His Son, the Lord Jesus.

3. The Marriage, his incarnation, or espousing human nature, by taking it into union with himself.

4. The Marriage Feast, the economy of the Gospel, during which men are invited to partake of the blessings purchased by, and consequent on, the incarnation and death of our blessed Lord.

5. By those who Had Been bidden, or invited, Matthew 22:3, are meant the Jews in general, who had this union of Christ with human nature, and his sacrifice for sin, pointed out by various rites, ceremonies, and sacrifices under the law; and who, by all the prophets, had been constantly invited to believe in and receive the promised Messiah.

6. By the Servants, we are to understand the first preachers of the Gospel, proclaiming salvation to the Jews. John the Baptist and the seventy disciples (Luke 10:1), may be here particularly intended.

7. By the Other Servants, Matthew 22:4, the apostles seem to be meant, who, though they were to preach the Gospel to the whole world, yet were to begin at Jerusalem (Luke 24:47) with the first offers of mercy.

8. By their making light of it, etc., Matthew 22:5, is pointed out their neglect of this salvation, and their preferring secular enjoyments, etc., to the kingdom of Christ.

9. By injuriously using some, and slaying others, of his servants, Matthew 22:6, is pointed out the persecution raised against the apostles by the Jews, in which some of them were martyred.

10. By sending forth his troops, Matthew 22:7, is meant the commission given to the Romans against Judea; and, burning up their city, the total destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, the son of Vespasian, which happened about forty-one years after.

On this parable it is necessary to remark,


Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent you: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Matthew 10:6,7 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel...

Psalm 68:11 The Lord gave the word: great was the company of those that published it.

Proverbs 9:1-3 Wisdom has built her house, she has hewn out her seven pillars...

Isaiah 55:1,2 Ho, every one that thirsts, come you to the waters, and he that has no money; come you, buy, and eat...

Jeremiah 25:4 And the LORD has sent to you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but you have not listened...

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying...

Mark 6:7-11 And he called to him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits...

Luke 9:1-6 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases...

Luke 14:15-17 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said to him...

Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whoever will...


1 Samuel 9:13 As soon as you be come into the city, you shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat...

Zephaniah 1:7 Hold your peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD is at hand: for the LORD has prepared a sacrifice...

and they would not.

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent to you...

Psalm 81:10-12 I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt: open your mouth wide, and I will fill it...

Proverbs 1:24-32 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded...

Isaiah 30:15 For thus said the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall you be saved...

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Hosea 11:2,7 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed to Baalim, and burned incense to graven images...

Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which kill the prophets, and stone them that are sent to you...

Luke 15:28 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and entreated him.

Luke 19:27 But those my enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring here, and slay them before me.

John 5:40 And you will not come to me, that you might have life.

Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spoke against those things which were spoken by Paul...

Romans 10:21 But to Israel he said, All day long I have stretched forth my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke on earth, much more shall not we escape...

Sacrifice to Caesar or to God
Eversley, 1869. Chester Cathedral, 1872. Matthew xxii. 21. "Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's." Many a sermon has been preached, and many a pamphlet written, on this text, and (as too often has happened to Holy Scripture), it has been made to mean the most opposite doctrines, and twisted in every direction, to suit men's opinions and superstitions. Some have found in it a command to obey tyrants, invaders, any and every government,
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

On the Same Words of the Gospel, Matt. xxii. 42
1. The question which was proposed to the Jews, Christians ought to solve. For the Lord Jesus Christ, who proposed it to the Jews, did not solve it Himself, to the Jews, I mean, He did not, but to us He hath solved it. I will put you in remembrance, Beloved, and ye will find that He hath solved it. But first consider the knot of the question. He asked the Jews what they "thought of Christ, whose Son He was to be;" for they too look for the Christ. They read of Him in the Prophets, they expected Him
Saint Augustine—sermons on selected lessons of the new testament

The Heavenly Banquet.
20th Sunday after Trinity. S. Matt. xxii. 4. "Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready; come unto the marriage." INTRODUCTION.--The Kingdom of Heaven has two meanings in this parable. It means in the first place the Catholic Church. Into that the apostles and pastors of Christ invite men to enter, and many refuse. In the second place it means the Church Triumphant,--eternal blessedness, and into that the pastors of Christ's Church invite you
S. Baring-Gould—The Village Pulpit, Volume II. Trinity to Advent

Profession and Practice.
18th Sunday after Trinity. S. Matt. xxii. 42. "What think ye of Christ?" INTRODUCTION.--Many men are Christians neither in understanding nor in heart. Some are Christians in heart, and not in understanding. Some in understanding, and not in heart, and some are Christians in both. If I were to go into a Temple of the Hindoos, or into a Synagogue of the Jews, and were to ask, "What think ye of Christ?" the people there would shake their heads and deny that He is God, and reject His teaching. The
S. Baring-Gould—The Village Pulpit, Volume II. Trinity to Advent

Cross References
Proverbs 9:3
She has sent out her servants, and she calls from the highest point of the city,

Matthew 9:15
Jesus answered, "How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them? The time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; then they will fast.

Matthew 21:34
When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect his fruit.

Hebrews 9:15
For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance--now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.

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