Matthew 13:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he told them many things in parables, saying: "A farmer went out to sow his seed.

King James Bible
And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;

Darby Bible Translation
And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying, Behold, the sower went out to sow:

World English Bible
He spoke to them many things in parables, saying, "Behold, a farmer went out to sow.

Young's Literal Translation
and he spake to them many things in similes, saying: 'Lo, the sower went forth to sow,

Matthew 13:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He spake many things unto them in parables - Parable, from παρα, near, and βαλλω, I cast, or put. A comparison or similitude, in which one thing is compared with another, especially spiritual things with natural, by which means these spiritual things are better understood, and make a deeper impression on an attentive mind. Or, a parable is a representation of any matter accommodated, in the way of similitude, to the real subject, in order to delineate it with the greater force and perspicuity. See more on this subject at the conclusion of this chapter. No scheme, says Dr. Lightfoot, of Jewish rhetoric was more familiarly used than that of parables; which, perhaps, creeping in from thence among the heathens, ended in fables.

It is said in the tract Sotah, chap. 9. "From the time that Rabbi Meri died, those that spake in parables ceased." Not that this figure of rhetoric perished in the nation from that time; but because he surpassed all others in these flowers, as the gloss there from the tract Sanhedrin speaks. "A third part of his discourses was tradition; a third part allegory; and a third part parable." The Jewish books every where abound with these figures, the nation inclining by a kind of natural genius to this kind of rhetoric. Their very religion might be called parabolical, folded up within the covering of ceremonies; and their oratory in their sermons was like to it. But is it not indeed a wonder, that they who were so much given to and delighted in parables, and so dexterous in unfolding them, should stick in the outward shell of ceremonies, and should not have brought out the parabolical and spiritual sense of them? Our Savior, who always spoke with the common people, uses the same kind of speech, and very often the same preface which they used, To what is it likened? See Lightfoot in loco. Though we find the basis of many of our Lord's parables in the Jewish writings, yet not one of them comes through his hands without being astonishingly improved. In this respect also, Surely never man spoke like this man.

Under the parable of the sower, our Lord intimates,

1. That of all the multitudes then attending his ministry, few would bring forth fruit to perfection. And

2. That this would be a general case in preaching the Gospel among men.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in.

Matthew 13:10-13,34,35,53 And the disciples came, and said to him, Why speak you to them in parables...

Matthew 22:1 And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables, and said,

Matthew 24:32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near:

Judges 9:8-20 The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said to the olive tree, Reign you over us...

2 Samuel 12:1-7 And the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him, and said to him, There were two men in one city; the one rich...

Psalm 49:4 I will incline my ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying on the harp.

Psalm 78:2 I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:

Isaiah 5:1-7 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well beloved has a vineyard in a very fruitful hill...

Ezekiel 17:2 Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable to the house of Israel;

Ezekiel 20:49 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Does he not speak parables?

Ezekiel 24:3 And utter a parable to the rebellious house, and say to them, Thus said the Lord GOD; Set on a pot, set it on...

*etc:

Micah 2:4 In that day shall one take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, and say, We be utterly spoiled...

Habakkuk 2:6 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say...

Mark 3:23 And he called them to him, and said to them in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan?

Mark 4:2,13,33 And he taught them many things by parables, and said to them in his doctrine...

Mark 12:1,12 And he began to speak to them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and dig a place for the winefat...

Luke 8:10 And he said, To you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see...

Luke 12:41 Then Peter said to him, Lord, speak you this parable to us, or even to all?

Luke 15:3 And he spoke this parable to them, saying,

*etc:

John 16:25 These things have I spoken to you in proverbs: but the time comes, when I shall no more speak to you in proverbs...

*marg:

parables. A parable, [parabole,] from [para,] near, and [ballo,] I cast, or put, has been justly defined to be a comparison or similitude, in which one thing is compared with another, especially spiritual things with natural, by which means those spiritual things are better understood, and make a deeper impression on a honest and attentive mind. In a parable, a resemblance in the principal incidents is all that is required; smaller matters being considered as a sort of drapery. Maimonides, in Moreh Nevochim, gives an excellent rule on this head: 'Fix it as a principle to attach yourself to the grand object of the parable, without attempting to make a particular application of all the circumstances and terms which it comprehends.'

a sower.

Mark 4:2-9 And he taught them many things by parables, and said to them in his doctrine...

Luke 8:5-8 A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down...

Library
Toleration
(Preached at Christ Church, Marylebone, 1867, for the Bishop of London's Fund.) MATTHEW xiii. 24-30. The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. So the servants of the household came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? He
Charles Kingsley—Discipline and Other Sermons

Ears and no Ears
'Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.--MATT. xiii. 8. This saying was frequently on our Lord's lips, and that in very various connections. He sometimes, as in the instance before us, appended it to teaching which, from its parabolic form, required attention to disentangle the spiritual truth implied. He sometimes used it to commend some strange, new revolutionary teaching to men's investigation--as, for instance, after that great declaration of the nullity of ceremonial worship, how that nothing
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Parable of the Tares, by Bishop Latimer, Preached on the 7Th of February, 1553.
MATTHEW XIII.--The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way, &c. This is a parable or similitude wherein our Saviour compared the kingdom of God, that is, the preaching of his word, wherein consisteth the salvation of mankind, unto a husbandman who sowed good seed in his field. But before we come unto the matter, you shall first learn to understand what this word parable, which
John Knox—The Pulpit Of The Reformation, Nos. 1, 2 and 3.

A Man Reaps More than He Sows.
A MAN REAPS MORE THAN HE SOWS. "But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some a hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold."--Matt. xiii: 8. If I sow a bushel, I expect to reap ten or twenty bushels. I can sow in one day what will take ten men to reap. The Spaniards have this proverb: "Sow a thought and reap an act. Sow an act, and reap a habit. Sow a habit, and reap a character. Sow a character and reap a destiny." And it takes a longer time to reap than to sow. I have heard
Dwight L. Moody—Sowing and Reaping

Cross References
Matthew 13:4
As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up.

Matthew 13:10
The disciples came to him and asked, "Why do you speak to the people in parables?"

Mark 3:23
So Jesus called them over to him and began to speak to them in parables: "How can Satan drive out Satan?

Mark 4:2
He taught them many things by parables, and in his teaching said:

Mark 12:1
Jesus then began to speak to them in parables: "A man planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a pit for the winepress and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place.

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