Mark 12:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Jesus then began to speak to them in parables: "A man planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a pit for the winepress and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place.

King James Bible
And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.

Darby Bible Translation
And he began to say to them in parables, A man planted a vineyard, and made a fence round [it] and dug a wine-vat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and left the country.

World English Bible
He began to speak to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a pit for the winepress, built a tower, rented it out to a farmer, and went into another country.

Young's Literal Translation
And he began to speak to them in similes: 'A man planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around, and digged an under-wine-vat, and built a tower, and gave it out to husbandmen, and went abroad;

Mark 12:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A certain man planted a vineyard - See this parable explained, Matthew 21:33-41 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he began.

Mark 4:2,11-13,33,34 And he taught them many things by parables, and said to them in his doctrine...

Ezekiel 20:49 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Does he not speak parables?

Matthew 13:10-15,34,35 And the disciples came, and said to him, Why speak you to them in parables...

Matthew 21:28-33 But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard...

Matthew 22:1-14 And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables, and said...

Luke 8:10 And he said, To you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see...

Luke 22:9 And they said to him, Where will you that we prepare?

A certain.

Matthew 21:33-40 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dig a wine press in it...

Luke 20:9-15 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to farmers...

planted.

Psalm 80:8-16 You have brought a vine out of Egypt: you have cast out the heathen, and planted it...

Isaiah 5:1-4 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well beloved has a vineyard in a very fruitful hill...

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then are you turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine to me?

Luke 13:6-9 He spoke also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none...

John 15:1-8 I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer...

Romans 11:17-24 And if some of the branches be broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them...

and set.

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

Psalm 78:68,69 But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved...

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel...

Ezekiel 20:11,12,18-20 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them...

Acts 7:38,46,47 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spoke to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers...

Romans 3:1,2 What advantage then has the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision...

Romans 9:4,5 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

and let.

Songs 8:11,12 Solomon had a vineyard at Baalhamon; he let out the vineyard to keepers...

Isaiah 7:23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand sliver coins...

and went.

Mark 13:34 For the Son of Man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work...

Matthew 25:14 For the kingdom of heaven is as a man traveling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered to them his goods.

Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country...

Luke 19:12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.

Library
God's Last Arrow
'Having yet therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last unto them.'--Mark xii. 6. Reference to Isaiah v. There are differences in detail here which need not trouble us. Isaiah's parable is a review of the theocratic history of Israel, and clearly the messengers are the prophets; here Christ speaks of Himself and His own mission to Israel, and goes on to tell of His death as already accomplished. I. The Son who follows and surpasses the servants. (a) Our Lord here places Himself in
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Marvels of Holy Scripture, --Moral and Physical. --Jael's Deed Defended. --Miracles vindicated.
Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the Scriptures, neither the power of God. ON a certain occasion, the Son of Man was asked what was thought a hard question by those who, in His day, professed "the negative Theology [588] ." There was a moral and there was physical marvel to be solved. Both difficulties were met by a single sentence. The Sadducean judgment had gone astray from the Truth, (planasthe our Saviour said,) from a twofold cause: (1) The men did not understand those very Scriptures
John William Burgon—Inspiration and Interpretation

A Serious Persuasive to Such a Method of Spending Our Days as is Represented in the Former Chapter.
1, 2. Christians fix their views too low, and indulge too indolent a disposition, which makes it more necessary to urge such a life as that under consideration.--3. It is therefore enforced, from its being apparently reasonable, considering ourselves as the creatures of God, and as redeemed by the blond of Christ.--4. From its evident tendency to conduce to our comfort in life.--5. From the influence it will have to promote our usefulness to others.--6. From its efficacy to make afflictions lighter.--7.
Philip Doddridge—The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul

The Cross as a Social Principle
Social Redemption is Wrought by Vicarious Suffering DAILY READINGS First Day: The Prophetic Succession And he began to speak unto them in parables. A man planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about it, and digged a pit for the winepress, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into another country. And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruits of the vineyard. And they took him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
Walter Rauschenbusch—The Social Principles of Jesus

Cross References
Isaiah 5:1
I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside.

Isaiah 5:2
He dug it up and cleared it of stones and planted it with the choicest vines. He built a watchtower in it and cut out a winepress as well. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit.

Matthew 13:3
Then he told them many things in parables, saying: "A farmer went out to sow his seed.

Matthew 21:33
"Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place.

Matthew 21:34
When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect his fruit.

Mark 3:23
So Jesus called them over to him and began to speak to them in parables: "How can Satan drive out Satan?

Mark 4:2
He taught them many things by parables, and in his teaching said:

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