Leviticus 2:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it

King James Bible
And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:

Darby Bible Translation
And when any one will present an oblation to Jehovah, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense thereon.

World English Bible
"'When anyone offers an offering of a meal offering to Yahweh, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a person bringeth near an offering, a present to Jehovah, of flour is his offering, and he hath poured on it oil, and hath put on it frankincense;

Leviticus 2:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Meat-offering - מנחה minchah. For an explanation of this word see Clarke's note on Genesis 4:3, and Leviticus 7.Calmet has remarked that there are five kinds of the minchah mentioned in this chapter.

1. סלת soleth, simple flour or meal, Leviticus 2:1.

2. Cakes and wafers, or whatever was baked in the oven, Leviticus 2:4.

3. Cakes baked in the pan, Leviticus 2:5.

4. Cakes baked on the frying-pan, or probably, a gridiron, Leviticus 2:7.

5. Green ears of corn parched, Leviticus 2:14.

All these were offered without honey or leaven, but accompanied with wine, oil, and frankincense. It is very likely that the minchah, in some or all of the above forms, was the earliest oblation offered to the Supreme Being, and probably was in use before sin entered into the world, and consequently before bloody sacrifices, or piacular victims, had been ordained. The minchah of green ears of corn dried by the fire, etc., was properly the gratitude-offering for a good seed time, and the prospect of a plentiful harvest. This appears to have been the offering brought by Cain, Genesis 4:3; see Clarke's note Genesis 4:3. The flour, whether of wheat, rice, barley, rye, or any other grain used for aliment, was in all likelihood equally proper; for in Numbers 5:15, we find the flour of barley, or barley meal, is called minchah. It is plain that in the institution of the minchah no animal was here included, though in other places it seems to include both kinds; but in general the minchah was not a bloody offering, nor used by way of atonement or expiation, but merely in a eucharistic way, expressing gratitude to God for the produce of the soil. It is such an offering as what is called natural religion might be reasonably expected to suggest: but alas! so far lost is man, that even thankfulness to God for the fruits of the earth must be taught by a Divine revelation; for in the heart of man even the seeds of gratitude are not found, till sown there by the hand of Divine grace. Offerings of different kinds of grain, flour, bread, fruits, etc., are the most ancient among the heathen nations; and even the people of God have had them from the beginning of the world. See this subject largely discussed on Exodus 23:29 (note), where several examples are given. Ovid intimates that these gratitude-offerings originated with agriculture. "In the most ancient times men lived by rapine, hunting, etc., for the sword was considered to be more honorable than the plough; but when they sowed their fields, they dedicated the first-fruits of their harvest to Ceres, to whom the ancients attributed the art of agriculture, and to whom burnt-offerings of corn were made, according to immemorial usages." The passage to which I refer, and of which I have given the substance, is the following: -

"Non habuit tellus doctos antiqua colonos:

Lassabant agiles aspera bella viros.

Plus erat in gladio quam curvo laudis aratro:

Neglectus domino pauca ferebat ager.

Farra tamen veteres jaciebant, farra metebant:

Primitias Cereri farra resecta dabant.

Usibus admoniti flammis torrenda dedere:

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

meat offering. {Minchah}, from the Arabic {manach}, to {give}, especially as a {reciprocal gift}, a {gift, oblation}, or eucharistical of gratitude offering, for the bounties of providence displayed in the fruits of the earth. It is termed a {meat offering} by our translators, because the term {meat} in their time was the general name for food.

Leviticus 6:14-18,20-23 And this is the law of the meat offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before the LORD, before the altar...

Leviticus 9:17 And he brought the meat offering, and took an handful thereof, and burnt it on the altar, beside the burnt sacrifice of the morning.

Numbers 15:4-21 Then shall he that offers his offering to the LORD bring a meat offering of a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part...

Isaiah 66:20 And they shall bring all your brothers for an offering to the LORD out of all nations on horses, and in chariots, and in litters...

John 6:35 And Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes on me shall never thirst.

fine flour

Exodus 29:2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil...

Numbers 7:13,19 And his offering was one silver charger, the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels...

Joel 1:9 The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD's ministers, mourn.

Joel 2:14 Who knows if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him...

pour oil

Leviticus 2:4-8,15,16 And if you bring an oblation of a meat offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil...

Leviticus 7:10-12 And every meat offering, mingled with oil, and dry, shall all the sons of Aaron have, one as much as another...

1 John 2:20,27 But you have an unction from the Holy One, and you know all things...

Jude 1:20 But you, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,

frankincense

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles...

Luke 1:9,10 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord...

Revelation 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given to him much incense...

Library
The Collection for St Paul: the Farewell
PHILIPPIANS iv. 10-23 The Philippian alms--His sense of their faithful love--He has received in full--A passage in the Scriptural manner--The letter closes--"Christ is preached"--"Together with them" The work of dictation is nearly done in the Roman lodging. The manuscript will soon be complete, and then soon rolled up and sealed, ready for Epaphroditus; he will place it with reverence and care in his baggage, and see it safe to Philippi. But one topic has to be handled yet before the end. "Now
Handley C. G. Moule—Philippian Studies

Cross References
Leviticus 5:11
"'If, however, they cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, they are to bring as an offering for their sin a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour for a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.

Leviticus 6:14
"'These are the regulations for the grain offering: Aaron's sons are to bring it before the LORD, in front of the altar.

Leviticus 9:17
He also brought the grain offering, took a handful of it and burned it on the altar in addition to the morning's burnt offering.

Numbers 8:8
Have them take a young bull with its grain offering of the finest flour mixed with olive oil; then you are to take a second young bull for a sin offering.

Numbers 15:4
then the person who brings an offering shall present to the LORD a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of olive oil.

Numbers 18:9
You are to have the part of the most holy offerings that is kept from the fire. From all the gifts they bring me as most holy offerings, whether grain or sin or guilt offerings, that part belongs to you and your sons.

Numbers 28:5
together with a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives.

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