Leviticus 14:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the person to be cleansed.

King James Bible
Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:

Darby Bible Translation
then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two clean living birds, and cedar-wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.

World English Bible
then the priest shall command them to take for him who is to be cleansed two living clean birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.

Young's Literal Translation
and the priest hath commanded, and he hath taken for him who is to be cleansed, two clean living birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.

Leviticus 14:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Two birds alive and clean, etc. - Whether these birds were sparrows, or turtledoves, or pigeons, we know not; probably any kind of clean bird, or bird proper to be eaten, might be used on this occasion, though it is more likely that turtle-doves or pigeons were employed, because these appear to have been the only birds offered in sacrifice. Of the cedarwood, hyssop, clean bird, and scarlet wool or fillet, were made an aspergillum, or instrument to sprinkle with. The cedar-wood served for the handle, the hyssop and living bird were attached to it by means of the scarlet wool or crimson fillet. The bird was so bound to this handle as that its tail should be downwards, in order to be dipped into the blood of the bird that had been killed. The whole of this made an instrument for the sprinkling of this blood, and when this business was done, the living bird was let loose, and permitted to go whithersoever it would. In this ceremony, according to some rabbins, "the living bird signified that the dead flesh of the leper was restored to soundness; the cedar-wood, which is not easily corrupted, that he was healed of his putrefaction; the scarlet thread, wool, or fillet, that he was restored to his good complexion; and the hyssop, which was purgative and odoriferous, that the disease was completely removed, and the bad scent that accompanied it entirely gone." Ainsworth, Dodd, and others, have given many of these rabbinical conceits. Of all these purifications, and their accompanying circumstances, we may safely say, because authorized by the New Testament so to do, that they pointed out the purification of the soul through the atonement and Spirit of Christ; but to run analogies between the type and the thing typified is difficult, and precarious. The general meaning and design we sufficiently understand; the particulars are not readily ascertainable, and consequently of little importance; had they been otherwise, they would have been pointed out.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

two birds. or, sparrows. The word {tzippor} from the arabic {zaphara} to fly, is used in the scriptures to denote {birds of every species}, particularly small birds. But it is often used in a more restricted sense, as the Hebrew writers assert, to signify the {sparrow}. Aquinas says the same; and Jerome renders it here the {sparrow}. So the Greek [], in Matthew and Luke, which signifies a {sparrow}, is rendered by the Syriac translator {tzipparin}, the same as the Hebrew {tzipporim}. Nor is it peculiar to the Hebrews to give the same name to the sparrow and to fowls of the largest size; for Nicander calls the hen [], {the domestic sparrow}, and both Plattus and Ausonius call the {ostrich, passer marinus}, `the marine sparrow.' It is evident, however, that the word in this passage signifies birds in general; for if the sparrow was a {clean} bird, there was no necessity for commanding a clean one to be taken, since every one of the species was ceremonially clean; but if it was {unclean}, then it could not be called clean.

Leviticus 1:14 And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD be of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves...

Leviticus 5:7 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he has committed, two turtledoves...

Leviticus 12:8 And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering...

cedar

Leviticus 14:6,49-52 As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop...

Numbers 19:6 And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the middle of the burning of the heifer.

scarlet

Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water...

hyssop

Exodus 12:22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin...

Numbers 19:18 And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it on the tent, and on all the vessels...

Psalm 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Library
November 27. "And the Remnant of the Oil . . . Shall Pour Upon the Head" (Lev. xiv. 18).
"And the remnant of the oil ... shall pour upon the head" (Lev. xiv. 18). In the account of the healing of the Hebrew leper there is a beautiful picture of the touching of his ears, hands and feet, with the redeeming blood and the consecrating oil, as a sign that his powers of understanding, service, and conduct were set apart to God, and divinely endued for the Master's work and will. But after all this, we are significantly told that "the rest of the oil" was to be poured upon his head. The former
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Jesus Sets Out from Judæa for Galilee.
Subdivision B. At Jacob's Well, and at Sychar. ^D John IV. 5-42. ^d 5 So he cometh to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 and Jacob's well was there. [Commentators long made the mistake of supposing that Shechem, now called Nablous, was the town here called Sychar. Sheckem lies a mile and a half west of Jacob's well, while the real Sychar, now called 'Askar, lies scarcely half a mile north of the well. It was a small town, loosely called
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Hebrews 9:19
When Moses had proclaimed every command of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people.

Leviticus 14:5
Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over fresh water in a clay pot.

Leviticus 14:6
He is then to take the live bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the scarlet yarn and the hyssop, into the blood of the bird that was killed over the fresh water.

Leviticus 14:49
To purify the house he is to take two birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop.

Numbers 19:6
The priest is to take some cedar wood, hyssop and scarlet wool and throw them onto the burning heifer.

Psalm 51:7
Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.

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