Judges 16:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now the rulers of the Philistines assembled to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god and to celebrate, saying, "Our god has delivered Samson, our enemy, into our hands."

King James Bible
Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god, and to rejoice: for they said, Our god hath delivered Samson our enemy into our hand.

Darby Bible Translation
Then the lords of the Philistines gathered together to sacrifice a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice; for they said, Our god has given Samson our enemy into our hands.

World English Bible
The lords of the Philistines gathered them together to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice; for they said, "Our god has delivered Samson our enemy into our hand."

Young's Literal Translation
and the princes of the Philistines have been gathered together to sacrifice a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice; and they say, 'Our god hath given into our hand Samson our enemy.'

Judges 16:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Unto Dagon their god - Diodorus Siculus describes their god thus:

Το μεν προσωπον εχει γυναικος, το δ' αλλο σωμα παν ιχθους;

"It had the head of a woman, but all the rest of the body resembled a fish."

Dagon was called Dorceto among the heathens. Horace, in the following lines, especially in the third and fourth, seems to have in view the image of Dagon: -

Humano capiti cervicem pictor equinam

Pingere si velit; et varias inducere plumas,

Undique collatis Inembris; ut turpiter atrum

Desinat in piscem mulier formosa superne;

Spectatum admissi risum teneatis amici?

De Art. Poet., V. 1.

"Suppose a painter to a human head

Should join a horse's neck; and wildly spread

The various plumage of the feather'd kind

O'er limbs of different beasts, absurdly join'd;

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Dagon

1 Samuel 5:2-5 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon...

Jeremiah 2:11 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which does not profit.

Micah 4:5 For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.

Romans 1:23-25 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts...

1 Corinthians 8:4,5 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

1 Corinthians 10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God...

to rejoice

Job 30:9,10 And now am I their song, yes, I am their byword...

Psalm 35:15,16 But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yes, the attackers gathered themselves together against me...

Proverbs 24:17 Rejoice not when your enemy falls, and let not your heart be glad when he stumbles:

Library
Strength Profaned and Lost
'But the Philistines took him, and put out his eyes, and brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of brass; and he did grind in the prison-house. 22, Howbeit the hair of his head began to grow again after he was shaven. 23. Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god, and to rejoice: for they said, Our god hath delivered Samson our enemy into our hand. 24. And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Christian Ballads.
Echoes of Hebrew thought, if not Hebrew psalmody, may have made their way into the more serious pagan literature. At least in the more enlightened pagans there has ever revealed itself more or less the instinct of the human soul that "feels after" God. St. Paul in his address to the Athenians made a tactful as well as scholarly point to preface a missionary sermon when he cited a line from a poem of Aratus (B.C. 272) familiar, doubtless, to the majority of his hearers. Dr. Lyman Abbot has thus translated
Theron Brown—The Story of the Hymns and Tunes

Judges
For the understanding of the early history and religion of Israel, the book of Judges, which covers the period from the death of Joshua to the beginning of the struggle with the Philistines, is of inestimable importance; and it is very fortunate that the elements contributed by the later editors are so easily separated from the ancient stories whose moral they seek to point. That moral is most elaborately stated in ii. 6-iii. 6, which is a sort of programme or preface to iii. 7-xvi. 31, which constitutes
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Judges 16:22
But the hair on his head began to grow again after it had been shaved.

1 Samuel 5:2
Then they carried the ark into Dagon's temple and set it beside Dagon.

1 Samuel 31:9
They cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and they sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the news in the temple of their idols and among their people.

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