Judges 1:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD was with the men of Judah. They took possession of the hill country, but they were unable to drive the people from the plains, because they had chariots fitted with iron.

King James Bible
And the LORD was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah was with Judah; and he took possession of the hill-country, for he did not dispossess the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

World English Bible
Yahweh was with Judah; and drove out [the inhabitants of] the hill country; for he could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah is with Judah, and he occupieth the hill-country, but not to dispossess the inhabitants of the valley, for they have chariots of iron.

Judges 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And the Lord was with Judah, and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron - Strange! were the iron chariots too strong for Omnipotence? The whole of this verse is improperly rendered. The first clause, The Lord was with Judah should terminate the 18th verse, and this gives the reason for the success of this tribe: The Lord was with Judah, and therefore he slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, etc., etc. Here then is a complete period: the remaining part of the verse either refers to a different time, or to the rebellion of Judah against the Lord, which caused him to withdraw his support. Therefore the Lord was with Judah, and these were the effects of his protection; but afterwards, when the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served Baalim, etc., God was no longer with them, and their enemies were left to be pricks in their eyes, and thorns in their side, as God himself had said. This is the turn given to the verse by Jonathan ben Uzziel, the Chaldee paraphrast: "And the Word of Jehovah was in the support of the house of Judah, and they extirpated the inhabitants of the mountains; but afterwards, When They Sinned, they were not able to extirpate the inhabitants of the plain country, because they had chariots of iron." They were now left to their own strength, and their adversaries prevailed against them. From a work called the Dhunoor Veda, it appears that the ancient Hindoos had war chariots similar to those of the Canaanites. They are described as having many wheels, and to have contained a number of rooms. - Ward's Customs.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Lord

Numbers 1:2 Take you the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers...

Numbers 6:12,13 And he shall consecrate to the LORD the days of his separation, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a trespass offering...

Genesis 39:2,21 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian...

Joshua 1:5,9 There shall not any man be able to stand before you all the days of your life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with you...

Joshua 14:12 Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spoke in that day; for you heard in that day how the Anakims were there...

2 Samuel 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.

2 Kings 18:7 And the LORD was with him; and he prospered wherever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.

Psalm 46:7,11 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah...

Psalm 60:12 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

Ecclesiastes 9:11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise...

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Isaiah 8:10 Take counsel together, and it shall come to nothing; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.

Isaiah 41:10,14,15 Fear you not; for I am with you: be not dismayed; for I am your God: I will strengthen you; yes, I will help you...

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is...

Romans 8:31 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?

he drave, or he possessed the mountain. but could. Not because the iron chariots were too strong for Omnipotence, or because he refused to help them; but because their courage and faith failed when they saw them.

Judges 1:27-32 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns...

Joshua 7:12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies...

Matthew 14:30,31 But when he saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, Lord, save me...

Matthew 17:19,20 Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out...

Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengthens me.

chariots

Exodus 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Joshua 11:1-9 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron...

Joshua 17:16-18 And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us...

Psalm 46:9 He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth; he breaks the bow, and cuts the spear in sunder; he burns the chariot in the fire.

Library
The Historical Books.
1. In the Pentateuch we have the establishment of the Theocracy, with the preparatory and accompanying history pertaining to it. The province of the historical books is to unfold its practiced working, and to show how, under the divine superintendence and guidance, it accomplished the end for which it was given. They contain, therefore, primarily, a history of God's dealings with the covenant people under the economy which he had imposed upon them. They look at the course of human events on the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Tsippor
"Tsippor is the greatest city of Galilee, and built in a very strong place." "Kitron (Judg 1:29,30) is Tsippor: and why is it called Tsippor? Because it is seated upon a mountain as Tsippor, a bird." "Sixteen miles on all sides from Tsippor was a land flowing with milk and honey." This city is noted in Josephus for its warlike affairs; but most noted in the Talmudists for the university fixed there, and for the learning, which Rabbi Judah the Holy brought hither, as we have said before. He sat in
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Judges
For the understanding of the early history and religion of Israel, the book of Judges, which covers the period from the death of Joshua to the beginning of the struggle with the Philistines, is of inestimable importance; and it is very fortunate that the elements contributed by the later editors are so easily separated from the ancient stories whose moral they seek to point. That moral is most elaborately stated in ii. 6-iii. 6, which is a sort of programme or preface to iii. 7-xvi. 31, which constitutes
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Joshua 6:27
So the LORD was with Joshua, and his fame spread throughout the land.

Joshua 17:16
The people of Joseph replied, "The hill country is not enough for us, and all the Canaanites who live in the plain have chariots fitted with iron, both those in Beth Shan and its settlements and those in the Valley of Jezreel."

Judges 4:3
Because he had nine hundred chariots fitted with iron and had cruelly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years, they cried to the LORD for help.

Judges 4:13
Sisera summoned from Harosheth Haggoyim to the Kishon River all his men and his nine hundred chariots fitted with iron.

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