Joshua 22:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"The Mighty One, God, the LORD! The Mighty One, God, the LORD! He knows! And let Israel know! If this has been in rebellion or disobedience to the LORD, do not spare us this day.

King James Bible
The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if it be in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,)

Darby Bible Translation
The God of gods, Jehovah, the God of gods, Jehovah, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know [it]; if it is in rebellion, or if in trespass against Jehovah, -- save us not this day!

World English Bible
"The Mighty One, God, Yahweh, the Mighty One, God, Yahweh, he knows; and Israel shall know: if it was in rebellion, or if in trespass against Yahweh (don't save us this day),

Young's Literal Translation
'The God of gods -- Jehovah, the God of gods -- Jehovah, He is knowing, and Israel, he doth know, if in rebellion, and if in trespass against Jehovah (Thou dost not save us this day!)

Joshua 22:22 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Lord God of gods - The original words are exceedingly emphatic, and cannot be easily translated. אל אלהים יהוה El Elohim Yehovah, are the three principal names by which the supreme God was known among the Hebrews, and may be thus translated, the strong God, Elohim, Jehovah, which is nearly the version of Luther, der starcte Gott der Herr, "The strong God the Lord." And the Reubenites, by using these in their very solemn appeal, expressed at once their strong unshaken faith in the God of Israel; and by this they fully showed the deputation from the ten tribes, that their religious creed had not been changed; and, in the succeeding part of their defense they show that their practice corresponded with their creed. The repetition of these solemn names by the Reubenites, etc., shows their deep concern for the honor of God, and their anxiety to wipe off the reproach which they consider cast on them by the supposition that they had been capable of defection from the pure worship of God, or of disaffection to their brethren.

Save us not this day - This was putting the affair to the most solemn issue; and nothing but the utmost consciousness of their own integrity could have induced them to make such an appeal, and call for such a decision. "Let God the Judge cause us to perish this day, if in principle or practice we have knowingly departed from him."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Lord God. El Elohim Yehowah, literally `The strong God, Elohim Jehovah,' which is nearly the version of Luther, (), `The strong God, the Lord.'

Exodus 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

Deuteronomy 10:17 For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regards not persons...

Psalm 82:1 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods.

Psalm 95:3 For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Psalm 97:7 Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all you gods.

Psalm 136:2 O give thanks to the God of gods: for his mercy endures for ever.

Daniel 2:47 The king answered to Daniel, and said, Of a truth it is, that your God is a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets...

Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god...

1 Timothy 6:16 Who only has immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach to; whom no man has seen, nor can see...

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

he knoweth

1 Kings 8:39 Then hear you in heaven your dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart you know...

Joshua 10:7 So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor.

Joshua 23:10 One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fights for you, as he has promised you.

Psalm 7:3 O LORD my God, If I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands;

Psalm 44:21 Shall not God search this out? for he knows the secrets of the heart.

Psalm 139:1-12 O lord, you have searched me, and known me...

Jeremiah 12:3 But you, O LORD, know me: you have seen me, and tried my heart toward you: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter...

Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.

John 2:24,25 But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men...

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

Acts 1:24 And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which know the hearts of all men, show whether of these two you have chosen,

2 Corinthians 11:11,31 Why? because I love you not? God knows...

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight...

Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searches the reins and hearts...


Psalm 37:6 And he shall bring forth your righteousness as the light, and your judgment as the noonday.

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me...

Malachi 3:18 Then shall you return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serves God and him that serves him not.

Acts 11:2-18 And when Peter was come up to Jerusalem, they that were of the circumcision contended with him...

2 Corinthians 5:11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest to God...

if it be

1 Samuel 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD...

Job 31:5-8,38-40 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot has hurried to deceit...

Psalm 7:3-5 O LORD my God, If I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands...

Acts 25:11 For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die...

Jews and Gentiles in "The Land"
Coming down from Syria, it would have been difficult to fix the exact spot where, in the view of the Rabbis, "the land" itself began. The boundary lines, though mentioned in four different documents, are not marked in anything like geographical order, but as ritual questions connected with them came up for theological discussion. For, to the Rabbis the precise limits of Palestine were chiefly interesting so far as they affected the religious obligations or privileges of a district. And in this respect
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

And thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, too little to be among the thousands of Judah
"And thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, too little to be among the thousands of Judah, out of thee shall come forth unto Me (one) [Pg 480] to be Ruler in Israel; and His goings forth are the times of old, the days of eternity." The close connection of this verse with what immediately precedes (Caspari is wrong in considering iv. 9-14 as an episode) is evident, not only from the [Hebrew: v] copulative, and from the analogy of the near relation of the announcement of salvation to the prophecy of disaster
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes.

Joshua 22:21
Then Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh replied to the heads of the clans of Israel:

1 Kings 8:39
then hear from heaven, your dwelling place. Forgive and act; deal with everyone according to all they do, since you know their hearts (for you alone know every human heart),

Job 10:7
though you know that I am not guilty and that no one can rescue me from your hand?

Psalm 40:9
I proclaim your saving acts in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips, LORD, as you know.

Psalm 44:21
would not God have discovered it, since he knows the secrets of the heart?

Psalm 50:1
A psalm of Asaph. The Mighty One, God, the LORD, speaks and summons the earth from the rising of the sun to where it sets.

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