Joshua 20:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses,

King James Bible
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses:

Darby Bible Translation
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint for yourselves the cities of refuge, whereof I spoke unto you through Moses,

World English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'Assign the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you by Moses,

Young's Literal Translation
'Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, Give for you cities of refuge, as I have spoken unto you by the hand of Moses,

Joshua 20:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Cities of refuge - An institution of this kind was essentially necessary wherever the patriarchal law relative to the right of redemption and the avenging of blood was in force; we have already seen that the nearest of kin to a deceased person had not only the right of redeeming an inheritance that had been forfeited or alienated, but had also authority to slay on the spot the person who had slain his relative. Now, as a man might casually kill another against whom he had no ill-will, and with whom he had no quarrel, and might have his life taken away by him who was called the avenger of blood, though he had not forfeited his life to the law; therefore these privileged cities were appointed, where the person might have protection till the cause had been fully heard by the magistrates, who certainly had authority to deliver him up to the avenger, if they found, on examination, that he was not entitled to this protection. On this subject see the notes on Numbers 35:11 to the end.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Appoint

Exodus 21:13,14 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee...

Numbers 35:6,11-14 And among the cities which you shall give to the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which you shall appoint for the manslayer...

Deuteronomy 4:41-43 Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sun rise...

Deuteronomy 19:2-13 You shall separate three cities for you in the middle of your land, which the LORD your God gives you to possess it...

Romans 8:1,33,34 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit...

Hebrews 6:18,19 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

your refuge

Numbers 35:15-24 These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them...

Library
The Cities of Refuge
'The Lord also spake unto Joshua, saying, 2. Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses: 3. That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. 4. And when he that doth flee unto one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Of the Cities of Refuge.
Hebron, the most eminent among them, excites us to remember the rest. "The Rabbins deliver this; Moses separated three cities of refuge beyond Jordan, [Deut 4:41-43;] and, against them, Joshua separated three cities in the land of Canaan, [Josh 20:7,8]. And these were placed by one another, just as two ranks of vines are in a vineyard: Hebron in Judea against Bezer in the wilderness: Shechem in mount Ephraim against Ramoth in Gilead: Kedesh in mount Napthali against Golan in Basan. And these three
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Numbers 35:6
"Six of the towns you give the Levites will be cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone may flee. In addition, give them forty-two other towns.

Numbers 35:11
select some towns to be your cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone accidentally may flee.

Numbers 35:12
They will be places of refuge from the avenger, so that anyone accused of murder may not die before they stand trial before the assembly.

Deuteronomy 4:41
Then Moses set aside three cities east of the Jordan,

Deuteronomy 19:2
then set aside for yourselves three cities in the land the LORD your God is giving you to possess.

Joshua 20:1
Then the LORD said to Joshua:

Joshua 20:3
so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood.

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