Joshua 10:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters.

King James Bible
That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty.

Darby Bible Translation
that they feared greatly; for Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.

World English Bible
that they were very afraid, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.

Young's Literal Translation
that they are greatly afraid, because Gibeon is a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it is greater than Ai, and all its men -- heroes.

Joshua 10:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

As one of the royal cities - Not a regal city, but great, well inhabited and well fortified, as those cities which served for the royal residence generally were. It does not appear that the Gibeonites had any king - they seem to have been a small but powerful republic, all the men thereof were mighty, merely governed by their elders: for in their address to Joshua, Joshua 9:11, they mention no king, but simply state that they were sent by their elders and the inhabitants of their country; nor do we any where read of their king; and therefore we may naturally suppose that they had none.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they feared

Joshua 2:9-13,24 And she said to the men, I know that the LORD has given you the land, and that your terror is fallen on us...

Exodus 15:14-16 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina...

Deuteronomy 11:25 There shall no man be able to stand before you...

Deuteronomy 28:10 And all people of the earth shall see that you are called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of you.

Psalm 48:4-6 For, see, the kings were assembled, they passed by together...

Proverbs 1:26,27 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear comes...

Proverbs 10:24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come on him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.

Hebrews 10:27,31 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries...

Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

Gibeon Gibeon was situated on an eminence, as its name imports,

Joshua 10:40 So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings...

furlongs north from Jerusalem, according to Josephus.

The royal cities [heb] cities of the kingdom

1 Samuel 27:5 And David said to Achish, If I have now found grace in your eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country...

2 Samuel 12:26 And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.

Library
Five Kings in a Cave
TEXT: "And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the Lord do to all your enemies against whom ye fight."--Joshua 10:24-25. The history of the
J. Wilbur Chapman—And Judas Iscariot

The Northern Coast of Judea. Beth-Horon.
This coast is marked out Joshua 18:12; where, at verse 14, are very many versions to be corrected, which render the sea; such are, the Syriac, the Seventy, the Vulgar, the Italian, ours, &c.: whence ariseth a sense of insuperable difficulty to a chorographical eye: when it should, indeed, be rendered of the west, as the Chaldee, Arabic, R. Solomon, &c. rightly do. We read of a double Beth-horon in the Old Testament, but one only under the second Temple... At that place that great Canaanitish army
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Exodus 15:14
The nations will hear and tremble; anguish will grip the people of Philistia.

Joshua 9:3
However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

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