New International Version
But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
King James Bible
But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:
Darby Bible Translation
but coming to Jesus, when they saw that he was already dead they did not break his legs,
World English Bible
but when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was already dead, they didn't break his legs.
Young's Literal Translation
and having come to Jesus, when they saw him already having been dead, they did not break his legs;
John 19:33 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
It was the preparation - Every Sabbath had a preparation which began at the ninth hour (that is, three o'clock) the preceding evening. Josephus, Ant. b. xvi. c. 6, s. 2, recites an edict of the Emperor Augustus in favor of the Jews, which orders, "that no one shall be obliged to give bail or surety on the Sabbath day, nor on the preparation before it, after the ninth hour." The time fixed here was undoubtedly in conformity to the Jewish custom, as they began their preparation at three o'clock on the Friday evening.
That the bodies should not remain - For the law, Deuteronomy 21:22, Deuteronomy 21:23, ordered that the bodies of criminals should not hang all night; and they did not wish to have the Sabbath profaned by either taking them down on that day, or letting them hang to disturb the joy of that holy time. Probably their consciences began to sting them for what they had done, and they wished to remove the victim of their malice out of their sight.
For that Sabbath day was a high day -
1. Because it was the Sabbath.
2. Because it was the day on which all the people presented themselves in the temple according to the command, Exodus 23:17.
3. Because that was the day on which the sheaf of the first fruits was offered, according to the command, Leviticus 23:10, Leviticus 23:11. So that upon this day there happened to be three solemnities in one. - Lightfoot. It might be properly called a high day, because the passover fell on that Sabbath.
Their legs might be broken - Lactantius says. l. iv. c. 26, that it was a common custom to break the legs or other bones of criminals upon the cross; and this appears to have been a kind of coup de grace, the sooner to put them out of pain.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryFebruary 20 Morning
He shall see of the travail of his soul and shall be satisfied.--ISA. 53:11. Jesus . . . said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.--He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise.--To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, according to the eternal purpose …
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path
February 17 Morning
Joseph and Nicodemus
The Fifth Word
"It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.
he protects all his bones, not one of them will be broken.
The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.
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