Job 37:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He brings the clouds to punish people, or to water his earth and show his love.

King James Bible
He causeth it to come, whether for correction, or for his land, or for mercy.

Darby Bible Translation
Whether he cause it to come as a rod, or for his land, or in mercy.

World English Bible
Whether it is for correction, or for his land, or for loving kindness, that he causes it to come.

Young's Literal Translation
Whether for a rod, or for His land, Or for kindness -- He doth cause it to come.

Job 37:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He causeth it to come - The Vulgate translates the text thus: Sive in una tribu, sine in terra sua, sive in quocunque loco misericordiae suae eas jusserit inveniri. "Whether in one tribe, or whether in his own land, or in whatsoever place of his mercy he has commanded them to come." In the preceding verse it is said that God conducts the clouds according to the orders of his counsels, whithersoever he pleases: and here it is added that, when he designs to heap favors upon any land, he commands the clouds to go thither, and pour out on it their fertilizing showers. See Calmet. The Vulgate certainly gives a good sense, and our common version is also clear and intelligble; but there are doubts whether the Hebrew will bear this meaning. Here it is stated that God sends the rain either for correction, לשבט leshebet, which signifies rod, staff, tribe, and is here taken as the symbol of correction, he sends rain sometimes as a judgment, inundating certain lands, and sweeping away their produce by irresistible floods: or for his land, לארצו leartso, his own land, Palestine, the place of his favored people: or for mercy, לחסד lechesed; when a particular district has been devoured by locusts, or cursed with drought, God, in his mercy, sends fertilizing rains to such places to restore the ears which the caterpillars have eaten, and to make the desert blossom like the garden of the Lord. Some think that Job refers to the curse brought upon the old world by the waters of the deluge. Now although God has promised that there shall no more be a flood of waters to destroy the whole earth; yet we know he can, very consistently with his promise, inundate any particular district; or, by a superabundance of rain, render the toil of the husbandman in any place vain. Therefore, still his rain may come for judgment, for mercy, or for the especial help of his people or Church.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

whether

Job 37:6 For he said to the snow, Be you on the earth; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength.

Job 36:31 For by them judges he the people; he gives meat in abundance.

Job 38:37,38 Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of heaven...

Exodus 9:18-25 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail...

1 Samuel 12:18,19 So Samuel called to the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel...

Ezra 10:9 Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered themselves together to Jerusalem within three days. It was the ninth month...

correction. Heb. a rod. for his

Job 38:26,27 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man...

for mercy

2 Samuel 21:10,14 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her on the rock...

1 Kings 18:45 And it came to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode...

Joel 2:23 Be glad then, you children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he has given you the former rain moderately...

Library
Whether the Heavens Should have Been Opened unto Christ at his Baptism?
Objection 1: It would seem that the heavens should not have been opened unto Christ at His baptism. For the heavens should be opened unto one who needs to enter heaven, by reason of his being out of heaven. But Christ was always in heaven, according to Jn. 3:13: "The Son of Man who is in heaven." Therefore it seems that the heavens should not have been opened unto Him. Objection 2: Further, the opening of the heavens is understood either in a corporal or in a spiritual sense. But it cannot be understood
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Justice of God
The next attribute is God's justice. All God's attributes are identical, and are the same with his essence. Though he has several attributes whereby he is made known to us, yet he has but one essence. A cedar tree may have several branches, yet it is but one cedar. So there are several attributes of God whereby we conceive of him, but only one entire essence. Well, then, concerning God's justice. Deut 32:4. Just and right is he.' Job 37:23. Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Exodus 9:18
Therefore, at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstorm that has ever fallen on Egypt, from the day it was founded till now.

Exodus 9:23
When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the LORD sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt;

1 Samuel 12:18
Then Samuel called on the LORD, and that same day the LORD sent thunder and rain. So all the people stood in awe of the LORD and of Samuel.

1 Samuel 12:19
The people all said to Samuel, "Pray to the LORD your God for your servants so that we will not die, for we have added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king."

1 Kings 18:41
And Elijah said to Ahab, "Go, eat and drink, for there is the sound of a heavy rain."

Job 36:31
This is the way he governs the nations and provides food in abundance.

Job 37:14
"Listen to this, Job; stop and consider God's wonders.

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