Job 37:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The breath of God produces ice, and the broad waters become frozen.

King James Bible
By the breath of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters is straitened.

Darby Bible Translation
By the breath of God ice is given; and the breadth of the waters is straitened.

World English Bible
By the breath of God, ice is given, and the breadth of the waters is frozen.

Young's Literal Translation
From the breath of God is frost given, And the breadth of waters is straitened,

Job 37:10 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

By the breath of God frost is given - The freezing of water, though it is generally allowed to be the effect of cold, and has been carefully examined by the most eminent philosophers, is still involved in much mystery; and is a very proper subject to be produced among the great things which God doeth, and which we cannot comprehend, Job 37:5. Water, when frozen, becomes solid, and increases considerably in bulk. The expansive power in freezing is so great, that, if water be confined in a gun-barrel, it will split the solid metal throughout its whole length. Bombshells have been filled with water, and plugged tight, and exposed to cold air, when they have been rent, though the shell has been nearly two inches thick! Attempts have been made to account for this; but they have not, as yet, been generally successful. The breath of God freezes the waters; and that breath thaws them. It is the work of Omnipotence, and there, for the present, we must leave it.

The breadth of the waters is straitened - This has been variously translated; מוצק mutsak, which we here render straitened, we translate Job 37:18 melted. Mr. Good thinks that the idea of a mirror is implied, or something molten; and on this ground it may be descriptive of the state of water formed into ice. He therefore translates: -

By the blast of God the frost congealeth,

And the expanse of the waters into a mirror.

I have only to observe, that in the act of freezing wind or air is necessary; for it has been observed that water which lay low in ponds did not freeze till some slight current of air fell on and ruffled the surface, when it instantly shot into ice.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 38:29,30 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who has gendered it...

Psalm 78:47 He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

Psalm 147:16-18 He gives snow like wool: he scatters the hoarfrost like ashes...

Library
Whether the Heavens Should have Been Opened unto Christ at his Baptism?
Objection 1: It would seem that the heavens should not have been opened unto Christ at His baptism. For the heavens should be opened unto one who needs to enter heaven, by reason of his being out of heaven. But Christ was always in heaven, according to Jn. 3:13: "The Son of Man who is in heaven." Therefore it seems that the heavens should not have been opened unto Him. Objection 2: Further, the opening of the heavens is understood either in a corporal or in a spiritual sense. But it cannot be understood
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Justice of God
The next attribute is God's justice. All God's attributes are identical, and are the same with his essence. Though he has several attributes whereby he is made known to us, yet he has but one essence. A cedar tree may have several branches, yet it is but one cedar. So there are several attributes of God whereby we conceive of him, but only one entire essence. Well, then, concerning God's justice. Deut 32:4. Just and right is he.' Job 37:23. Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Job 38:29
From whose womb comes the ice? Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens

Psalm 147:17
He hurls down his hail like pebbles. Who can withstand his icy blast?

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