Job 33:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Or someone may be chastened on a bed of pain with constant distress in their bones,

King James Bible
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:

Darby Bible Translation
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and with constant strife in his bones;

World English Bible
He is chastened also with pain on his bed, with continual strife in his bones;

Young's Literal Translation
And he hath been reproved With pain on his bed, And the strife of his bones is enduring.

Job 33:19 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

IV. By Afflictions

He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, etc. - Afflictions are a fourth means which God makes use of to awaken and convert sinners. In the hand of God these were the cause of the salvation of David, as himself testifies: Before I was afflicted, I went astray, Psalm 119:67, Psalm 119:71, Psalm 119:75.

The multitude of his bones - By such diseases, especially those of a rheumatic kind, when to the patient's apprehension every bone is diseased, broken, or out of joint.

Some render the passage, When the multitude of his bones is yet strong; meaning those sudden afflictions which fall upon men when in a state of great firmness and vigor. The original, ורוב עצמיו אתן verob atsamaiv ethan, may be translated, And the strong multitude of his bones. Even the strong multitude of his bones is chastened with pain upon his bed; the place of rest and ease affording him no peace, quiet, or comfort.

The bones may be well termed multitudinous, as there are no less than 10 in the cranium, or skull; upper jaw, 13; lower jaw, 1; teeth, 32; tongue, 1; vertebrae, or back-bone, 24; ribs, 24; sternum, or breast-bone, 3; os innominatum, 1; scapula, or shoulder-blades, 2; arms, 6; hands, 54; thigh-bones, 2; knee-bones, 2; legs, 4; feet, 54: in all, not less than 233 bones, without reckoning the ossa sethamoides; because, though often numerous, they are found only in hard laborers, or elderly persons.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

chastened

Job 5:17,18 Behold, happy is the man whom God corrects: therefore despise not you the chastening of the Almighty...

Deuteronomy 8:5 You shall also consider in your heart, that, as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you.

Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man whom you chasten, O LORD, and teach him out of your law;

Psalm 119:67,71 Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept your word...

Isaiah 27:9 By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin...

1 Corinthians 11:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

pain

Job 7:4 When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone? and I am full of tossings to and fro to the dawning of the day.

Job 20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

Job 30:17 My bones are pierced in me in the night season: and my sinews take no rest.

2 Chronicles 16:10,12 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing...

Psalm 38:1-8 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Isaiah 37:12,13 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph...

Library
The Host of Heaven and of Earth.
"The Spirit of God hath made me."--Job xxxiii. 4. Understanding somewhat the characteristic note of the work of the Holy Spirit, let us see what this work was and is and shall be. The Father brings forth, the Son disposes and arranges, the Holy Spirit perfects. There is one God and Father of whom are all things, and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom are all things; but what does the Scripture say of the special work the Holy Spirit did in creation and is still doing? For the sake of order we examine
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Whether for the Justification of the Ungodly is Required a Movement of the Free-Will?
Objection 1: It would seem that no movement of the free-will is required for the justification of the ungodly. For we see that by the sacrament of Baptism, infants and sometimes adults are justified without a movement of their free-will: hence Augustine says (Confess. iv) that when one of his friends was taken with a fever, "he lay for a long time senseless and in a deadly sweat, and when he was despaired of, he was baptized without his knowing, and was regenerated"; which is effected by sanctifying
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Angel of the Lord in the Pentateuch, and the Book of Joshua.
The New Testament distinguishes between the hidden God and the revealed God--the Son or Logos--who is connected with the former by oneness of nature, and who from everlasting, and even at the creation itself, filled up the immeasurable distance between the Creator and the creation;--who has been the Mediator in all God's relations to the world;--who at all times, and even before He became man in Christ, has been the light of [Pg 116] the world,--and to whom, specially, was committed the direction
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit as Revealed in his Names.
At least twenty-five different names are used in the Old and New Testaments in speaking of the Holy Spirit. There is the deepest significance in these names. By the careful study of them, we find a wonderful revelation of the Person and work of the Holy Spirit. I. The Spirit. The simplest name by which the Holy Spirit is mentioned in the Bible is that which stands at the head of this paragraph--"The Spirit." This name is also used as the basis of other names, so we begin our study with this.
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Job 30:17
Night pierces my bones; my gnawing pains never rest.

Psalm 38:3
Because of your wrath there is no health in my body; there is no soundness in my bones because of my sin.

Psalm 73:14
All day long I have been afflicted, and every morning brings new punishments.

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