Isaiah 5:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The vineyard of the LORD Almighty is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the vines he delighted in. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.

King James Bible
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Darby Bible Translation
For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah the plant of his delight: and he looked for justice, and behold, blood-shedding; for righteousness, and behold, a cry.

World English Bible
For the vineyard of Yahweh of Armies is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry of distress.

Young's Literal Translation
Because the vineyard of Jehovah of Hosts Is the house of Israel, And the man of Judah His pleasant plant, And He waiteth for judgment, and lo, oppression, For righteousness, and lo, a cry.

Isaiah 5:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And he looked for judgment - The paronomasia, or play on the words, in this place, is very remarkable; mishpat, mishpach, tsedakah, tseakah. There are many examples of it in the other prophets, but Isaiah seems peculiarly fond of it. See Isaiah 13:6, Isaiah 24:17, Isaiah 32:7, Isaiah 28:1, Isaiah 57:6, Isaiah 61:3, Isaiah 65:11, Isaiah 65:12. Rabbi David Kimchi has noticed the paronomasia here: he expected משפט mishpat, judgment, but behold משפח mishpach, oppression; he expected צדקה tsedakah, righteousness, but behold צעקה tseakah, a cry. The rabbins esteem it a great beauty; their term for it is צחות הלשון tsachoth haltashon, elegance of language.

Oppression "tyranny" - משפח mishpach, from שפח shaphach, servum fecit, Arab. Houbigant: שפחה shiphchah is serva, a handmaid or female slave. משפח mispach, eighteen MSS.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the vineyard

Psalm 80:8-11,15 You have brought a vine out of Egypt: you have cast out the heathen, and planted it...

Jeremiah 12:10 Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot...

his pleasant plant. Heb. plant of his pleasures

Isaiah 62:5 For as a young man marries a virgin, so shall your sons marry you: and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride...

Psalm 147:11 The LORD takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.

Psalm 149:4 For the LORD takes pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.

Songs 7:6 How fair and how pleasant are you, O love, for delights!

Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD your God in the middle of you is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over you with joy; he will rest in his love...

he looked

Isaiah 5:2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the middle of it...

Isaiah 58:6-8 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free...

Exodus 22:22-27 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child...

Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy...

Zechariah 7:9-14 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother...

Matthew 3:8-10 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance...

Matthew 23:23 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin...

John 15:2 Every branch in me that bears not fruit he takes away: and every branch that bears fruit, he purges it...

1 Corinthians 6:8-11 No, you do wrong, and defraud, and that your brothers...

1 John 3:7,8 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that does righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous...

but. The paronomasia, or play of words, is very remarkable here: he looked for mishpat, judgment, but behold mispach, oppression; for tzedakah, justice, but behold tzedkah, a cry.

oppression. Heb. a scab

Isaiah 1:6 From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrefying sores...

Isaiah 3:17 Therefore the LORD will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts...

a cry

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

Exodus 2:23,24 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage...

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt...

Exodus 22:21-24,27 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt...

Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand...

Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brothers the Jews...

Job 31:38,39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain...

Job 34:28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come to him, and he hears the cry of the afflicted.

Proverbs 21:13 Whoever stops his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to him, though he bear long with them?

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

Library
A Prophet's Woes
'Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may he placed alone in the midst of the earth! 9. In mine ears said the Lord of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall he desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant. 10. Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah. 11. Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Of Confession and Self-Examination
Of Confession and Self-examination Self-examination should always precede Confession, and in the nature and manner of it should be conformable to the state of the soul: the business of those that are advanced to the degree of which we now treat, is to lay their whole souls open before God, who will not fail to enlighten them, and enable them to see the peculiar nature of their faults. This examination, however, should be peaceful and tranquil, and we should depend on God for the discovery and knowledge
Madame Guyon—A Short and Easy Method of Prayer

"For to be Carnally Minded is Death; but to be Spiritually Minded is Life and Peace. "
Rom. viii. 6.--"For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace." It is true, this time is short, and so short that scarce can similitudes or comparisons be had to shadow it out unto us. It is a dream, a moment, a vapour, a flood, a flower, and whatsoever can be more fading or perishing; and therefore it is not in itself very considerable, yet in another respect it is of all things the most precious, and worthy of the deepest attention and most serious consideration;
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet
We shall now, in conclusion, give a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet. After an introduction in vi. 1, 2, where the mountains serve only to give greater solemnity to the scene (in the fundamental passages Deut. xxxii. 1, and in Is. 1, 2, "heaven and earth" are mentioned for the same purposes, inasmuch as they are the most venerable parts of creation; "contend with the mountains" by taking them in and applying to [Pg 522] them as hearers), the prophet reminds the people of
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
2 Samuel 7:10
And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning

Psalm 80:8
You transplanted a vine from Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it.

Ecclesiastes 4:1
Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the oppressed-- and they have no comforter; power was on the side of their oppressors-- and they have no comforter.

Isaiah 3:14
The LORD enters into judgment against the elders and leaders of his people: "It is you who have ruined my vineyard; the plunder from the poor is in your houses.

Isaiah 3:15
What do you mean by crushing my people and grinding the faces of the poor?" declares the Lord, the LORD Almighty.

Isaiah 27:2
In that day-- "Sing about a fruitful vineyard:

Isaiah 30:12
Therefore this is what the Holy One of Israel says: "Because you have rejected this message, relied on oppression and depended on deceit,

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