Isaiah 3:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the hero and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder,

King James Bible
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

Darby Bible Translation
the mighty man and the man of war, the judge and the prophet, and the diviner and the elder,

World English Bible
the mighty man, the man of war, the judge, the prophet, the diviner, the elder,

Young's Literal Translation
Hero and man of war, judge and prophet, And diviner and elder,

Isaiah 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The stay and the staff "Every stay and support" - Hebrew, "the support masculine, and the support feminine:" that is, every kind of support, whether great or small, strong or weak. "Al Kanitz, wal-kanitzah; the wild beasts, male and female. Proverbially applied both to fishing and hunting: i.e., I seized the prey, great or little, good or bad. From hence, as Schultens observes, is explained Isaiah 3:1, literally, the male and female stay: i.e., the strong and weak, the great and small." - Chappelow, note on Hariri, Assembly 1. Compare Ecclesiastes 2:8.

The Hebrew words משען ומשענה mashen umashenah come from the same root שען shaan, to lean against, to incline, to support; and here, being masculine and feminine, they may signify all things necessary for the support both of man and woman. My old MS. understands the staff and stay as meaning particular persons, and translates the verse thus: - Lo forsoth, the Lordschip Lord of Hoostis schal don awey fro Jerusalem and fro Juda the stalworth and the stronge.

The two following verses, Isaiah 3:2, Isaiah 3:3, are very clearly explained by the sacred historian's account of the event, the captivity of Jehoiachin by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon: "And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valor, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths; none remained save the poorest sort of the people of the land," 2 Kings 24:14. Which is supplied by our version.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mighty

Isaiah 2:13-15 And on all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and on all the oaks of Bashan...

2 Kings 24:14-16 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valor, even ten thousand captives...

Psalm 74:9 We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that knows how long.

Lamentations 5:12-14 Princes are hanged up by their hand: the faces of elders were not honored...

Amos 2:3 And I will cut off the judge from the middle thereof, and will slay all the princes thereof with him, said the LORD.

the ancient

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teaches lies, he is the tail.

Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he to me, Son of man, have you seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark...

Ezekiel 9:5 And to the others he said in my hearing, Go you after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have you pity:

Library
A Paradox of Selling and Buying
'Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.'--ISAIAH iii. 3. THE first reference of these words is of course to the Captivity. They come in the midst of a grand prophecy of freedom, all full of leaping gladness and buoyant hope. The Seer speaks to the captives; they had 'sold themselves for nought.' What had they gained by their departure from God?--bondage. What had they won in exchange for their freedom?-- only the hard service of Babylon. As Deuteronomy puts it:
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Personal History of Herod - the Two Worlds in Jerusalem.
It is an intensely painful history, [581] in the course of which Herod made his way to the throne. We look back nearly two and a half centuries to where, with the empire of Alexander, Palestine fell to his successors. For nearly a century and a half it continued the battle-field of the Egyptian and Syrian kings (the Ptolemies and the Seleucidæ). At last it was a corrupt High-Priesthood - with which virtually the government of the land had all along lain - that betrayed Israel's precious trust.
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

"All Our Righteousnesses are as Filthy Rags, and we all do Fade as a Leaf, and Our Iniquities, Like the Wind, have Taken us Away. "
Isaiah lxiv. 6, 7.--"All our righteousnesses are as filthy rags, and we all do fade as a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away." Not only are the direct breaches of the command uncleanness, and men originally and actually unclean, but even our holy actions, our commanded duties. Take a man's civility, religion, and all his universal inherent righteousness,--all are filthy rags. And here the church confesseth nothing but what God accuseth her of, Isa. lxvi. 8, and chap. i. ver.
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

"Thou Shalt Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother. "
From this Commandment we learn that after the excellent works of the first three Commandments there are no better works than to obey and serve all those who are set over us as superiors. For this reason also disobedience is a greater sin than murder, unchastity, theft and dishonesty, and all that these may include. For we can in no better way learn how to distinguish between greater and lesser sins than by noting the order of the Commandments of God, although there are distinctions also within the
Dr. Martin Luther—A Treatise on Good Works

Cross References
2 Kings 24:14
He carried all Jerusalem into exile: all the officers and fighting men, and all the skilled workers and artisans--a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left.

Isaiah 3:3
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter.

Isaiah 9:14
So the LORD will cut off from Israel both head and tail, both palm branch and reed in a single day;

Isaiah 9:15
the elders and dignitaries are the head, the prophets who teach lies are the tail.

Ezekiel 17:12
"Say to this rebellious people, 'Do you not know what these things mean?' Say to them: 'The king of Babylon went to Jerusalem and carried off her king and her nobles, bringing them back with him to Babylon.

Ezekiel 17:13
Then he took a member of the royal family and made a treaty with him, putting him under oath. He also carried away the leading men of the land,

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