Isaiah 22:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A prophecy against the Valley of Vision: What troubles you now, that you have all gone up on the roofs,

King James Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Darby Bible Translation
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

World English Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?

Young's Literal Translation
The burden of the Valley of Vision. What -- to thee, now, that thou hast gone up, All of thee -- to the roofs?

Isaiah 22:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Art - gone up to the house-tops "Are gone up to the house-tops" - The houses in the east were in ancient times, as they are still, generally, built in one and the same uniform manner. The roof or top of the house is always flat, covered with broad stones, or a strong plaster of terrace, and guarded on every side with a low parapet wall; see Deuteronomy 22:8. The terrace is frequented as much as any part of the house. On this, as the season favors, they walk, they eat, they sleep, they transact business, (1 Samuel 9:25, see also the Septuagint in that place), they perform their devotions Acts 10:9. The house is built with a court within, into which chiefly the windows open: those that open to the street are so obstructed with lattice-work that no one either without or within can see through them. Whenever, therefore, any thing is to be seen or heard in the streets, any public spectacle, any alarm of a public nature, every one immediately goes up to the house-top to satisfy his curiosity. In the same manner, when any one has occasion to make any thing public, the readiest and most effectual way of doing it is to proclaim it from the house-tops to the people in the streets. "What ye hear in the ear, that publish ye on the house-top," saith our Savior, Matthew 10:27. The people running all to the tops of their houses gives a lively image of a sudden general alarm. Sir John Chardin's MS. note on this place is as follows: "Dans les festes pour voir passer quelque chose, et dans les maladies pour les annoncer aux voisins en allumant des lumieres, le peuple monte sur les terrasses." "In festivals, in order to see what is going forward, and in times of sickness, in order to indicate them to neighbors by lighting of candles, the people go up to the house-tops."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.cir.3292. B.C.cir.712
the valley. Jerusalem being situated in the midst of surrounding hills, and the seat of Divine revelation, is here termed 'the valley of vision'. This prophecy foretells the invasion of Jerusalem by the Assyrians under Sennacherib; and probably also, by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar.

Psalm 125:2 As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the LORD is round about his people from now on even for ever.

of vision

1 Samuel 3:1 And the child Samuel ministered to the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision.

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel...

Proverbs 29:18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keeps the law, happy is he.

Micah 3:6 Therefore night shall be to you, that you shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark to you, that you shall not divine...

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 9:4,5 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

what

Genesis 21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said to her, What ails you, Hagar? fear not...

Judges 18:23 And they cried to the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said to Micah, What ails you...

1 Samuel 11:5 And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What ails the people that they weep?...

2 Samuel 14:5 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and my husband is dead.

2 Kings 6:28 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, This woman said to me, Give your son, that we may eat him to day...

Psalm 114:5 What ailed you, O you sea, that you fled? you Jordan, that you were driven back?

that thou. The eastern houses are built with a court within, into which chiefly the windows open; those that open to the street being so obstructed with lattice work, that no one can see through them. Whenever, therefore, anything is to be seen or heard in the streets, any public spectacle, or any alarm, everyone immediately goes up to the house-top to satisfy his curiosity. Hence all the people running to the top of their houses, gives a lively image of a sudden general alarm.

Isaiah 15:3 In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl...

Deuteronomy 22:8 When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you bring not blood on your house...

Jeremiah 48:38 There shall be lamentation generally on all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof...

Library
Prevailing Prayer.
Text.--The effectual, fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.--James v. 16. THE last lecture referred principally to the confession of sin. To-night my remarks will be chiefly confined to the subject of intercession, or prayer. There are two kinds of means requisite to promote a revival; one to influence men, the other to influence God. The truth is employed to influence men, and prayer to move God. When I speak of moving God, I do not mean that God's mind is changed by prayer, or that his
Charles Grandison Finney—Lectures on Revivals of Religion

Sennacherib (705-681 B. C. )
The struggle of Sennacherib with Judaea and Egypt--Destruction of Babylon. Sennacherib either failed to inherit his father's good fortune, or lacked his ability.* He was not deficient in military genius, nor in the energy necessary to withstand the various enemies who rose against him at widely removed points of his frontier, but he had neither the adaptability of character nor the delicate tact required to manage successfully the heterogeneous elements combined under his sway. * The two principal
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

Cross References
Matthew 10:27
What I tell you in the dark, speak in the daylight; what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the roofs.

Psalm 125:2
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people both now and forevermore.

Isaiah 15:3
In the streets they wear sackcloth; on the roofs and in the public squares they all wail, prostrate with weeping.

Isaiah 22:5
The Lord, the LORD Almighty, has a day of tumult and trampling and terror in the Valley of Vision, a day of battering down walls and of crying out to the mountains.

Jeremiah 21:13
I am against you, Jerusalem, you who live above this valley on the rocky plateau, declares the LORD-- you who say, "Who can come against us? Who can enter our refuge?"

Jeremiah 48:38
On all the roofs in Moab and in the public squares there is nothing but mourning, for I have broken Moab like a jar that no one wants," declares the LORD.

Joel 3:12
"Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side.

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