Isaiah 22:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The oracle concerning the valley of vision. What do you mean that you have gone up, all of you, to the housetops,

King James Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

American Standard Version
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Douay-Rheims Bible
THE burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee also, that thou too art wholly gone up to the housetops?

English Revised Version
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou hast wholly gone up to the house-tops?

Isaiah 22:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Watchman says, Morning cometh, and also night. Will ye inquire, inquire! Turn, come!!" The answer is intentionally and pathetically expressed in an Aramaean form of Hebrew. אתא (written even with א at the end, cf., Deuteronomy 33:2) is the Aramaean word for בּוא; and בּעה בּעא) the Aramaean word for שׁאל, from the primary form of which (בּעי) the future tib‛âyūn is taken here (as in Isaiah 33:7), and the imperative be'ây (Ges. 75, Anm. 4). אתיוּ, which is here pointed in the Syriac style, אתיוּ, as in Isaiah 56:9, Isaiah 56:12, would be similarly traceable to אתי (cf., Ges. 75, Anm. 4, with 23, Anm. 2). But what is the meaning? Luther seems to me to have hit upon it: "When the morning comes, it will still be night." But v'gam (and also) is not equivalent to "and yet," as Schrring explains it, with a reference to Ewald, 354, a. With the simple connection in the clauses, the meaning cannot possibly be, that a morning is coming, and that it will nevertheless continue night, but that a morning is coming, and at the same time a night, i.e., that even if the morning dawns, it will be swallowed up again directly by night. And the history was quite in accordance with such an answer. The Assyrian period of judgment was followed by the Chaldean, and the Chaldean by the Persian, and the Persian by the Grecian, and the Grecian by the Roman. Again and again there was a glimmer of morning dawn for Edom (and what a glimmer in the Herodian age!), but it was swallowed up directly by another night, until Edom became an utter Dūmâh, and disappeared from the history of the nations. The prophet does not see to the utmost end of these Edomitish nights, but he has also no consolation for Edom. It is altogether different with Edom from what it is with Israel, the nocturnal portion of whose history has a morning dawn, according to promise, as its irrevocable close. The prophet therefore sends the inquirers home. Would they ask any further questions, they might do so, might turn and come. In shūbū (turn back) there lies a significant though ambiguous hint. It is only in the case of their turning, coming, i.e., coming back converted, that the prophet has any consolatory answer for them. So long as they are not so, there is suspended over their future an interminable night, to the prophet as much as to themselves. The way to salvation for every other people is just the same as for Israel - namely, the way of repentance.

Isaiah 22:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.cir.3292. B.C.cir.712
the valley. Jerusalem being situated in the midst of surrounding hills, and the seat of Divine revelation, is here termed 'the valley of vision'. This prophecy foretells the invasion of Jerusalem by the Assyrians under Sennacherib; and probably also, by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar.

Psalm 125:2 As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the LORD is round about his people from now on even for ever.

of vision

1 Samuel 3:1 And the child Samuel ministered to the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision.

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel...

Proverbs 29:18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keeps the law, happy is he.

Micah 3:6 Therefore night shall be to you, that you shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark to you, that you shall not divine...

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 9:4,5 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...


Genesis 21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said to her, What ails you, Hagar? fear not...

Judges 18:23 And they cried to the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said to Micah, What ails you...

1 Samuel 11:5 And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What ails the people that they weep?...

2 Samuel 14:5 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and my husband is dead.

2 Kings 6:28 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, This woman said to me, Give your son, that we may eat him to day...

Psalm 114:5 What ailed you, O you sea, that you fled? you Jordan, that you were driven back?

that thou. The eastern houses are built with a court within, into which chiefly the windows open; those that open to the street being so obstructed with lattice work, that no one can see through them. Whenever, therefore, anything is to be seen or heard in the streets, any public spectacle, or any alarm, everyone immediately goes up to the house-top to satisfy his curiosity. Hence all the people running to the top of their houses, gives a lively image of a sudden general alarm.

Isaiah 15:3 In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl...

Deuteronomy 22:8 When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you bring not blood on your house...

Jeremiah 48:38 There shall be lamentation generally on all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof...

Cross References
Matthew 10:27
What I tell you in the dark, say in the light, and what you hear whispered, proclaim on the housetops.

Psalm 125:2
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people, from this time forth and forevermore.

Isaiah 15:3
in the streets they wear sackcloth; on the housetops and in the squares everyone wails and melts in tears.

Isaiah 22:5
For the Lord GOD of hosts has a day of tumult and trampling and confusion in the valley of vision, a battering down of walls and a shouting to the mountains.

Jeremiah 21:13
"Behold, I am against you, O inhabitant of the valley, O rock of the plain, declares the LORD; you who say, 'Who shall come down against us, or who shall enter our habitations?'

Jeremiah 48:38
On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation, for I have broken Moab like a vessel for which no one cares, declares the LORD.

Joel 3:12
Let the nations stir themselves up and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.

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