Habakkuk 3:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He stood, and shook the earth; he looked, and made the nations tremble. The ancient mountains crumbled and the age-old hills collapsed-- but he marches on forever.

King James Bible
He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways are everlasting.

Darby Bible Translation
He stood, and measured the earth; He beheld, and discomfited the nations; And the eternal mountains were scattered, The everlasting hills gave way: His ways are everlasting.

World English Bible
He stood, and shook the earth. He looked, and made the nations tremble. The ancient mountains were crumbled. The age-old hills collapsed. His ways are eternal.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath stood, and He measureth earth, He hath seen, and He shaketh off nations, And scatter themselves do mountains of antiquity, Bowed have the hills of old, The ways of old are His.

Habakkuk 3:6 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He stood, and measured the earth - ארץ erets, the land; he divided the promised land among the twelve tribes. This is the allusion; and this the prophet had in his eye. God not only made a general assignment of the land to the Hebrews; but he even divided it into such portions as the different families required. Here were both power and condescension. When a conqueror had subdued a country, he divided it among his soldiers. Among the Romans, those among whom the conquered lands were divided were termed beneficiary; and the lands beneficia, as being held on the beneficence of the sovereign.

He beheld, and drove asunder the nations - The nations of Canaan, the Hittites, Hivites, Jebusites, etc., and all who opposed his people. Even his look dispersed them.

The everlasting mountains were scattered - Or, broken asunder. This may refer to the convulsions on Mount Sinai; and to the earth quake which announced the descent of the Most High. See Exodus 19:18. "God occupied the summit of the eternal Mount Sinai; and led his people over the eternal mountains of Arabia Petraea; and this sense is preferable to the figurative one, that his ways or doings are predetermined front everlasting." - Newcome.

The epithets עד ad, and עולם olam, eternal, and everlasting, are applied to mountains and immense rocks, because no other parts of nature are less subject to decay or change, than these immense masses of earth and stone, and that almost indestructible stone, granite, out of which Sinai appears to be formed. A piece of the beautiful granite of this mountain now lies before me. This is a figurative description of the passage of the Israelites through the deserts of Arabia, over mountains, rocks, and through the trackless wilderness; over and through which God, by his power and providence, gave them a safe passage.

The following beautiful piece from the Fragments of Aeschylus will illustrate the preceding description, and please the learned reader.

Χωριζε θνητων τον Θεον, και μη δοκει

Ομοιον αυτῳ σαρκινον καθεσταναι·

Ουκ οισθα δ' αυτον· ποτε μεν ὡς πυρ φαινεται

Απλαστον ὁρμῃ ποτε δ' ὑδωρ, ποτε δε γνοφος.

Και θηρσιν αυτος γινεται παρεμφερης,

Ανεμῳ, νεφει τε, κᾳστραπῃ, βροντῃ, βροχῃ.

Ὑπηρετει δ' αυτῳ θαλασσα, και πετραι,

Και πασα πηγη, χ' ὑδατος συστηματα·

Τρεμει δ' ορη και γαια και πελωριος

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and measured.

Exodus 15:17 You shall bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance, in the place, O LORD...

Exodus 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done to him.

Numbers 34:1-29 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

Deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam...

Acts 17:26 And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined the times before appointed...

and drove.

Joshua 10:42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.

Joshua 11:18-23 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings...

Nehemiah 9:22-24 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...

Psalm 135:8-12 Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast...

the everlasting.

Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw you, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice...

Genesis 49:26 The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills...

Deuteronomy 33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,

Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

Psalm 68:16 Why leap you, you high hills? this is the hill which God desires to dwell in; yes, the LORD will dwell in it for ever.

Psalm 114:4-7 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs...

Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that the mountains might flow down at your presence...

Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein.

Zechariah 14:4,5 And his feet shall stand in that day on the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east...

his.

Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting...

Psalm 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on them that fear him, and his righteousness to children's children;

Isaiah 51:6,8 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look on the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke...

Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the middle of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest...

Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

Luke 1:50 And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation.

Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

Library
September 7. "I Will Joy in the God of My Salvation" (Hab. Iii. 18).
"I will joy in the God of my salvation" (Hab. iii. 18). The secret of joy is not to wait until you feel happy, but to rise, by an act of faith, out of the depression which is dragging you down, and begin to praise God as an act of choice. This is the meaning of such passages as these: "Rejoice in the Lord alway, and again I say, rejoice"; "I do rejoice; yes, and I will rejoice." "Count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations." In all these cases there is an evident struggle with sadness and
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Highway
"The Lord God is my strength, and He will make my feet like hinds' feet, and He will make me to walk upon mine high places."--Hab. iii. 19. Mechthild of Hellfde, 1277. tr., Emma Frances Bevan, 1899 It is a wondrous and a lofty road Wherein the faithful soul must tread, And by the seeing there the blind are led, The senses by the soul acquaint with God. On that high path the soul is free, She knows no care nor ill, For all God wills desireth she, And blessed is His will.
Frances Bevan—Hymns of Ter Steegen and Others (Second Series)

Messiah's Entrance into Jerusalem
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. -- And He shall speak peace unto the heathen. T he narrowness and littleness of the mind of fallen man are sufficiently conspicuous in the idea he forms of magnificence and grandeur. The pageantry and parade of a Roman triumph, or of an eastern monarch, as described in history, exhibit him to us
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

The Unchangeableness of God
The next attribute is God's unchangeableness. I am Jehovah, I change not.' Mal 3:3. I. God is unchangeable in his nature. II. In his decree. I. Unchangeable in his nature. 1. There is no eclipse of his brightness. 2. No period put to his being. [1] No eclipse of his brightness. His essence shines with a fixed lustre. With whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.' James 1:17. Thou art the same.' Psa 102:27. All created things are full of vicissitudes. Princes and emperors are subject to
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:15
with the choicest gifts of the ancient mountains and the fruitfulness of the everlasting hills;

Job 21:18
How often are they like straw before the wind, like chaff swept away by a gale?

Psalm 35:5
May they be like chaff before the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away;

Psalm 114:4
the mountains leaped like rams, the hills like lambs.

Habakkuk 1:12
LORD, are you not from everlasting? My God, my Holy One, you will never die. You, LORD, have appointed them to execute judgment; you, my Rock, have ordained them to punish.

Zechariah 14:4
On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south.

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