Habakkuk 2:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
indeed, wine betrays him; he is arrogant and never at rest. Because he is as greedy as the grave and like death is never satisfied, he gathers to himself all the nations and takes captive all the peoples.

King James Bible
Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people:

Darby Bible Translation
And moreover, the wine is treacherous: he is a proud man, and keepeth not at rest, he enlargeth his desire as Sheol, and he is like death and cannot be satisfied; and he assembleth unto him all nations, and gathereth unto him all peoples.

World English Bible
Yes, moreover, wine is treacherous. A haughty man who doesn't stay at home, who enlarges his desire as Sheol, and he is like death, and can't be satisfied, but gathers to himself all nations, and heaps to himself all peoples.

Young's Literal Translation
And also, because the wine is treacherous, A man is haughty, and remaineth not at home, Who hath enlarged as sheol his soul, And is as death that is not satisfied, And doth gather unto itself all the nations, And doth assemble unto itself all the peoples,

Habakkuk 2:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Because he transgresseth by wine - From the present translation, it is not easy to see either reason or meaning in the first clause of this verse. Newcome translates, "Moreover, as a mighty man transgresseth through wine, he is proud, and remaineth not at rest." Houbigant thus: "For he, though he be a despiser, and powerful, and proud, yet shall he not have rest."

Nebuchadnezzar is here represented in his usual character, proud, haughty, and ambitious; inebriated with his successes, and determined on more extensive conquests; and, like the grave, can never have enough: yet, after the subjugation of many peoples and nations, he shall be brought down, and become so despicable that he shall be a proverb of reproach, and be taunted and scorned by all those whom he had before enslaved.

And cannot be satisfied - When he has obtained all that is within his reach, he wishes for more; and becomes miserable, because any limits are opposed to his insatiable ambition. It is said of Alexander: -

Unus Pellaeo juveni non sufficit orbis;

Aestuat infelix angusto limite mundi.

Juv. Sat. 10:168.

One world sufficed not Alexander's mind;

Coop'd up, he seem'd on earth and seas confined.

And the poet justly ridicules him, because at last the sarcophagus was found too large for his body!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Yea also. or, How much more. he transgresseth.

Proverbs 20:1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Proverbs 23:29-33 Who has woe? who has sorrow? who has contentions? who has babbling? who has wounds without cause? who has redness of eyes...

Proverbs 31:4,5 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink...

Isaiah 5:11,12,22,23 Woe to them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!...

Isaiah 21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, you princes, and anoint the shield.

Jeremiah 51:39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake...

Daniel 5:1-4,23 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand...

Nahum 1:9,10 What do you imagine against the LORD? he will make an utter end: affliction shall not rise up the second time...

a proud man.

Habakkuk 2:4 Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.

Psalm 138:6 Though the LORD be high, yet has he respect to the lowly: but the proud he knows afar off.

Proverbs 30:13,14 There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up...

Isaiah 2:11,12,17 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down...

Isaiah 16:6 We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath...

Jeremiah 50:29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all you that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape...

Daniel 5:20-23 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

keepeth.

2 Kings 14:10 You have indeed smitten Edom, and your heart has lifted you up: glory of this, and tarry at home...

1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that you study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;

.

who.

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place...

Isaiah 10:7-13 However, he means not so, neither does his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few...

as hell.

Proverbs 27:20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

Proverbs 30:15,16 The horse leach has two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yes, four things say not...

Ecclesiastes 5:10 He that loves silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loves abundance with increase: this is also vanity.

gathereth.

Habakkuk 2:8-10 Because you have spoiled many nations, all the remnant of the people shall spoil you; because of men's blood...

Isaiah 14:16,17 They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble...

Jeremiah 25:9,17-29 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant...

Library
September 15. "Though it Tarry, Wait for It, for it Will Surely Come, and Will not Tarry" (Hab. Ii. 3).
"Though it tarry, wait for it, for it will surely come, and will not tarry" (Hab. ii. 3). Some things have their cycle in an hour and some in a century; but His plans shall complete their cycle whether long or short. The tender annual which blossoms for a season and dies, and the Columbian aloe, which develops in a century, each is true to its normal principle. Many of us desire to pluck our fruit in June rather than wait until October, and so, of course, it is sour and immature; but God's purposes
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Of Rest in the Presence of God --Its Fruits --Inward Silence --God Commands it --Outward Silence.
The soul, being brought to this place, needs no other preparation than that of repose: for the presence of God during the day, which is the great result of prayer, or rather prayer itself, begins to be intuitive and almost continual. The soul is conscious of a deep inward happiness, and feels that God is in it more truly than it is in itself. It has only one thing to do in order to find God, which is to retire within itself. As soon as the eyes are closed, it finds itself in prayer. It is astonished
Jeanne Marie Bouvières—A Short Method Of Prayer And Spiritual Torrents

"Hear the Word of the Lord, Ye Rulers of Sodom, Give Ear unto the Law of Our God, Ye People of Gomorrah,"
Isaiah i. 10, 11, &c.--"Hear the word of the Lord, ye rulers of Sodom, give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah," &c. It is strange to think what mercy is mixed with the most wrath like strokes and threatenings. There is no prophet whose office and commission is only for judgment, nay, to speak the truth, it is mercy that premises threatenings. The entering of the law, both in the commands and curses, is to make sin abound, that grace may superabound, so that both rods and threatenings
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Letter vi (Circa A. D. 1127) to the Same
To the Same He protests against the reputation for holiness which is attributed to him, and promises to communicate the treatises which he has written. I. Even if I should give myself to you entirely that would be too little a thing still in my eyes, to have recompensed towards you even the half of the kindly feeling which you express towards my humility. I congratulate myself, indeed, on the honour which you have done me; but my joy, I confess, is tempered by the thought that it is not anything
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Cross References
2 Kings 14:10
You have indeed defeated Edom and now you are arrogant. Glory in your victory, but stay at home! Why ask for trouble and cause your own downfall and that of Judah also?"

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Proverbs 21:24
The proud and arrogant person--"Mocker" is his name-- behaves with insolent fury.

Proverbs 27:20
Death and Destruction are never satisfied, and neither are human eyes.

Proverbs 30:16
the grave, the barren womb, land, which is never satisfied with water, and fire, which never says, 'Enough!'

Isaiah 5:11
Woe to those who rise early in the morning to run after their drinks, who stay up late at night till they are inflamed with wine.

Isaiah 5:14
Therefore Death expands its jaws, opening wide its mouth; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers.

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