Genesis 43:11
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then their father Israel said to them, "If it must be, then do this: Put some of the best products of the land in your bags and take them down to the man as a gift--a little balm and a little honey, some spices and myrrh, some pistachio nuts and almonds.

King James Bible
And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:

Darby Bible Translation
And their father Israel said to them, If it is then so, do this: take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a gift: a little balsam and a little honey, tragacanth and ladanum, pistacia-nuts and almonds.

World English Bible
Their father, Israel, said to them, "If it must be so, then do this. Take from the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down a present for the man, a little balm, a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts, and almonds;

Young's Literal Translation
And Israel their father saith unto them, 'If so, now, this do: take of the praised thing of the land in your vessels, and take down to the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts and almonds;

Genesis 43:11 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Carry down the man a present - From the very earliest times presents were used as means of introduction to great men. This is particularly noticed by Solomon: A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men, Proverbs 18:16. But what was the present brought to Joseph on this occasion? After all the labor of commentators, we are obliged to be contented with probabilities and conjecture. According to our translation, the gifts were balm, honey, spices, myrrh, nuts, and almonds.

Balm - צרי tsori is supposed to signify resin in general, or some kind of gum issuing from trees.

Honey - דבש debash has been supposed to be the same as the rob of grapes, called in Egypt dibs. Others think that honey, in the common sense of the term, is to be understood here: we know that honey was plentiful in Palestine.

Spices - נכאת nechoth is supposed to mean gum storax, which might be very valuable on account of its qualities as a perfume.

Myrrh - לט lot, supposed by some to mean stacte; by others to signify an ointment made of myrrh.

Nuts - בטנים botnim, by some rendered pistachio nuts, those produced in Syria being the finest in the world; by others, dates; others, walnuts; others, pine apples; others, the nuts of the terebinth tree.

Almonds - שקדים shekedim, correctly enough translated, and perhaps the only article in the collection of which we know any thing with certainty. It is generally allowed that the land of Canaan produces the best almonds in the east; and on this account they might be deemed a very acceptable present to the governor of Egypt. Those who wish to see this subject exhausted must have recourse to the Physica Sacra of Scheuehzer.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

If it must be.

Genesis 43:14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children...

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast you for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day...

Acts 21:14 And when he would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, The will of the Lord be done.

carry down.

Genesis 32:13-21 And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother...

Genesis 33:10 And Jacob said, No, I pray you, if now I have found grace in your sight, then receive my present at my hand...

Genesis 37:25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold...

Deuteronomy 33:14 And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon,

1 Samuel 9:7 Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels...

1 Samuel 25:27 And now this blessing which your handmaid has brought to my lord, let it even be given to the young men that follow my lord.

1 Kings 4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt: they brought presents...

1 Kings 10:25 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armor, and spices, horses...

1 Kings 15:19 There is a league between me and you, and between my father and your father: behold, I have sent to you a present of silver and gold...

2 Kings 8:8 And the king said to Hazael, Take a present in your hand, and go, meet the man of God, and inquire of the LORD by him, saying...

2 Kings 16:8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house...

2 Kings 20:12 At that time Berodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah...

Psalm 68:29 Because of your temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents to you.

Psalm 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.

Psalm 76:11 Vow, and pay to the LORD your God: let all that be round about him bring presents to him that ought to be feared.

Proverbs 17:18 A man void of understanding strikes hands, and becomes surety in the presence of his friend.

Proverbs 18:16 A man's gift makes room for him, and brings him before great men.

Proverbs 19:6 Many will entreat the favor of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that gives gifts.

Proverbs 21:14 A gift in secret pacifies anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.

Ezekiel 27:15 The men of Dedan were your merchants; many isles were the merchandise of your hand...

a little balm.

Genesis 37:25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold...

Jeremiah 8:22 Is there no balm in Gilead; is there no physician there? why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered?

Ezekiel 27:15 The men of Dedan were your merchants; many isles were the merchandise of your hand...

balm. For an explanation of the words {tzori, nechoth,} and {lot,} here rendered respectively balm, spices, and myrrh, see on ch.

Genesis 37:25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold...

.

{Devash,} honey, is supposed by some not to have been that produced by bees, but a syrup produced from ripe dates. The Jewish doctors observe, that the word in

2 Chronicles 31:5 And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the first fruits of corn, wine, and oil...

signifies dates; and the Arabians, at this day, call the choicest dates preserved with butter, {dabous}, and the honey obtained from them, {dibs or dabs.} {Benanim,} nuts signifies pistachio nuts, the finest thing found in Syria; but, according to the others, a small nut, the produce of a species of the turpentine tree. {Shekaidim} is certainly almonds.

honey.

Leviticus 20:24 But I have said to you, You shall inherit their land, and I will give it to you to possess it, a land that flows with milk and honey...

spices.

1 Kings 10:15 Beside that he had of the merchants, and of the traffic of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia...

Songs 4:10,14-16 How fair is your love, my sister, my spouse! how much better is your love than wine! and the smell of your ointments than all spices!...

Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey...

Songs 8:14 Make haste, my beloved, and be you like to a roe or to a young hart on the mountains of spices.

Library
Genesis
The Old Testament opens very impressively. In measured and dignified language it introduces the story of Israel's origin and settlement upon the land of Canaan (Gen.--Josh.) by the story of creation, i.-ii. 4a, and thus suggests, at the very beginning, the far-reaching purpose and the world-wide significance of the people and religion of Israel. The narrative has not travelled far till it becomes apparent that its dominant interests are to be religious and moral; for, after a pictorial sketch of
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 32:13
He spent the night there, and from what he had with him he selected a gift for his brother Esau:

Genesis 32:20
And be sure to say, 'Your servant Jacob is coming behind us.'" For he thought, "I will pacify him with these gifts I am sending on ahead; later, when I see him, perhaps he will receive me."

Genesis 37:25
As they sat down to eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were loaded with spices, balm and myrrh, and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt.

Genesis 43:10
As it is, if we had not delayed, we could have gone and returned twice."

Genesis 43:15
So the men took the gifts and double the amount of silver, and Benjamin also. They hurried down to Egypt and presented themselves to Joseph.

Genesis 43:25
They prepared their gifts for Joseph's arrival at noon, because they had heard that they were to eat there.

Genesis 43:26
When Joseph came home, they presented to him the gifts they had brought into the house, and they bowed down before him to the ground.

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