Ezra 9:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then everyone who trembled at the words of the God of Israel gathered around me because of this unfaithfulness of the exiles. And I sat there appalled until the evening sacrifice.

King James Bible
Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the transgression of those that had been carried away; and I sat astonied until the evening sacrifice.

Darby Bible Translation
Then were assembled to me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the unfaithfulness of those that had been carried away; and I sat overwhelmed until the evening oblation.

World English Bible
Then were assembled to me everyone who trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the trespass of them of the captivity; and I sat confounded until the evening offering.

Young's Literal Translation
and unto me are gathered every one trembling at the words of the God of Israel, because of the trespass of the removal, and I am sitting astonished till the present of the evening.

Ezra 9:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Those that had been carried away - Those that had returned long before with Zerubbabel; see Ezra 9:1.

Until the evening sacrifice - The morning sacrifice was the first of all the offerings of the day, the evening sacrifice the last. As the latter was offered between the two evenings, i.e., between sunset and the end of twilight, so the former was offered between break of day and sunrise. Ezra sat astonied - confounded in his mind, distressed in his soul, and scarcely knowing what to do. He probably had withdrawn himself into some sequestered place, or into some secret part of the temple, spending the time in meditation and reflection.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

trembled

Ezra 10:3 Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God to put away all the wives, and such as are born of them...

2 Chronicles 34:27 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before God, when you heard his words against this place...

Psalm 119:136 Rivers of waters run down my eyes, because they keep not your law.

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Ezekiel 9:4 And the LORD said to him, Go through the middle of the city, through the middle of Jerusalem...

until

Exodus 29:39 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning; and the other lamb you shall offer at even:

Daniel 9:21 Yes, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly...

Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour.

Library
September 23 Morning
Our God hath not forsaken us.--EZRA 9:9. Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you.--If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not? But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons. The Lord your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. The Lord
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

The Christian Struggling under Great and Heavy Affliction.
1. Here it is advised--that afflictions should only be expected.--2. That the righteous hand of God should be acknowledged in them when they come.--3. That they should be borne with patience.--4. That the divine conduct in them should be cordially approved.--5. That thankfulness should be maintained in the midst of trials.--6. That the design of afflictions should be diligently inquired into, and all proper assistance taken in discovering it.--7. That, when it is discovered, it should humbly be complied
Philip Doddridge—The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul

Influences that Gave Rise to the Priestly Laws and Histories
[Sidenote: Influences in the exile that produced written ceremonial laws] The Babylonian exile gave a great opportunity and incentive to the further development of written law. While the temple stood, the ceremonial rites and customs received constant illustration, and were transmitted directly from father to son in the priestly families. Hence, there was little need of writing them down. But when most of the priests were carried captive to Babylonia, as in 597 B.C., and ten years later the temple
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Ezra-Nehemiah
Some of the most complicated problems in Hebrew history as well as in the literary criticism of the Old Testament gather about the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Apart from these books, all that we know of the origin and early history of Judaism is inferential. They are our only historical sources for that period; and if in them we have, as we seem to have, authentic memoirs, fragmentary though they be, written by the two men who, more than any other, gave permanent shape and direction to Judaism, then
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Exodus 29:39
Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight.

Ezra 10:3
Now let us make a covenant before our God to send away all these women and their children, in accordance with the counsel of my lord and of those who fear the commands of our God. Let it be done according to the Law.

Ezra 10:9
Within the three days, all the men of Judah and Benjamin had gathered in Jerusalem. And on the twentieth day of the ninth month, all the people were sitting in the square before the house of God, greatly distressed by the occasion and because of the rain.

Isaiah 66:2
Has not my hand made all these things, and so they came into being?" declares the LORD. "These are the ones I look on with favor: those who are humble and contrite in spirit, and who tremble at my word.

Daniel 9:21
while I was still in prayer, Gabriel, the man I had seen in the earlier vision, came to me in swift flight about the time of the evening sacrifice.

Daniel 10:2
At that time I, Daniel, mourned for three weeks.

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Account Appalled Assembled Astonied Captivity Carried Confounded Evening Exiles Faithlessness Fear Gathered Grief Israel Kept Oblation Offering Overcome Overwhelmed Round Sacrifice Sat Together Transgression Trembled Trespass Unfaithfulness Words
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Account Appalled Assembled Astonied Captivity Carried Confounded Evening Exiles Faithlessness Fear Gathered Grief Israel Kept Oblation Offering Overcome Overwhelmed Round Sacrifice Sat Together Transgression Trembled Trespass Unfaithfulness Words
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