Exodus 12:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household.

King James Bible
Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

Darby Bible Translation
Speak unto all the assembly of Israel, saying, On the tenth of this month let them take themselves each a lamb, for a father's house, a lamb for a house.

World English Bible
Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, 'On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household;

Young's Literal Translation
speak ye unto all the company of Israel, saying, In the tenth of this month -- they take to them each man a lamb for the house of the fathers, a lamb for a house.

Exodus 12:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In the tenth day of this month - In after times they began their preparation on the thirteenth day or day before the Passover, which was not celebrated till the fourteenth day, see Exodus 12:6 : but on the present occasion, as this was their first passover, they probably required more time to get ready in; as a state of very great confusion must have prevailed at this time. Mr. Ainsworth remarks that on this day the Israelites did afterwards go through Jordan into the land of Canaan; Joshua 4:19. And Christ, our Paschal Lamb, on this day entered Jerusalem, riding on an ass; the people bearing palm branches, and crying, Hosanna, John 12:1, John 12:12, John 12:13, etc.: and in him this type was truly fulfilled.

A lamb - The original word שה seh signifies the young of sheep and of goats, and may be indifferently translated either lamb or kid. See Exodus 12:5.

A lamb for a house - The whole host of Israel was divided into twelve tribes, these tribes into families, the families into houses, and the houses into particular persons; Numbers 1, Joshua 7:14 - Ainsworth.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

speak ye

Exodus 4:30 And Aaron spoke all the words which the LORD had spoken to Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people.

Exodus 6:6 Why say to the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians...

Exodus 14:15 And the LORD said to Moses, Why cry you to me? speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward:

Exodus 20:19 And they said to Moses, Speak you with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

Leviticus 1:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man of you bring an offering to the LORD...

in the tenth

Exodus 12:6 And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month...

John 12:1,12 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead...

take to

Genesis 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect to Abel and to his offering:

Genesis 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

1 Samuel 7:9 And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly to the LORD: and Samuel cried to the LORD for Israel...

John 1:29,36 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world...

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened...

Revelation 5:6-13 And I beheld, and, see, in the middle of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the middle of the elders...

Revelation 7:9-14 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds...

Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him...

lamb. or kid. The word seh means the young of both sheep and goats, and may be indifferently rendered either lamb or kid. It is evident from ver.

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

that the Hebrews might take either; but they generally preferred a lamb, from being of a more gentle nature.

Leviticus 5:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to the LORD for his sin which he has sinned, a female from the flock...

,

Numbers 15:11 Thus shall it be done for one bullock, or for one ram, or for a lamb, or a kid.

2 Chronicles 35:7 And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that were present...

an house. The Israelites were divided into twelve tribes, these tribes into families, the families into houses, and the houses into particular persons.

Numbers 1:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month...

Joshua 7:14 In the morning therefore you shall be brought according to your tribes: and it shall be...

Library
The Passover: an Expiation and a Feast, a Memorial and a Prophecy
'And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4. And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Blood
Now, at the time of which this Book of Exodus speaks, Egypt was exposed to a terrible peril. Jehovah himself was about to march through the streets of all the cities of Egypt. It was not merely a destroying angel, but Jehovah himself; for thus it is written, "I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast." No one less than I AM, the great God, had vowed to "cut Rahab" with the sword of vengeance. Tremble, ye inhabitants
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Appendix xii. The Baptism of Proselytes
ONLY those who have made study of it can have any idea how large, and sometimes bewildering, is the literature on the subject of Jewish Proselytes and their Baptism. Our present remarks will be confined to the Baptism of Proselytes. 1. Generally, as regards proselytes (Gerim) we have to distinguish between the Ger ha-Shaar (proselyte of the gate) and Ger Toshabh (sojourner,' settled among Israel), and again the Ger hatstsedeq (proselyte of righteousness) and Ger habberith (proselyte of the covenant).
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Hope for the Heathen
Throughout his ministry Isaiah bore a plain testimony concerning God's purpose for the heathen. Other prophets had made mention of the divine plan, but their language was not always understood. To Isaiah it was given to make very plain to Judah the truth that among the Israel of God were to be numbered many who were not descendants of Abraham after the flesh. This teaching was not in harmony with the theology of his age, yet he fearlessly proclaimed the messages given him of God and brought hope
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Exodus 12:2
"This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.

Exodus 12:4
If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.

Exodus 12:21
Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.

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