Ecclesiastes 5:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The increase from the land is taken by all; the king himself profits from the fields.

King James Bible
Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself is served by the field.

Darby Bible Translation
Moreover the earth is every way profitable: the king [himself] is dependent upon the field.

World English Bible
Moreover the profit of the earth is for all. The king profits from the field.

Young's Literal Translation
And the abundance of a land is for all. A king for a field is served.

Ecclesiastes 5:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The profit of the earth is for all - The earth, if properly cultivated, is capable of producing food for every living creature; and without cultivation none has a right to expect bread.

The king himself is served by the field - Without the field he cannot have supplies for his own house; and, unless agriculture flourish, the necessary expenses of the state cannot be defrayed. Thus, God joins the head and feet together; for while the peasant is protected by the king as executor of the laws, the king himself is dependent on the peasant; as the wealth of the nation is the fruit of the laborer's toil.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the profit

Genesis 1:29,30 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree...

Genesis 3:17-19 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying...

Psalm 104:14,15 He causes the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth...

Psalm 115:16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD's: but the earth has he given to the children of men.

Proverbs 13:23 Much food is in the tillage of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment.

Proverbs 27:23-27 Be you diligent to know the state of your flocks, and look well to your herds...

Proverbs 28:19 He that tills his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that follows after vain persons shall have poverty enough.

Jeremiah 40:10-12 As for me, behold, I will dwell at Mizpah, to serve the Chaldeans, which will come to us: but you, gather you wine...

the king

1 Samuel 8:12-17 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground...

1 Kings 4:7-23 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household...

1 Chronicles 27:26-31 And over them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub...

Library
Naked or Clothed?
'As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.'--ECCLES. v. 15. '... Their works do follow them.'--REV. xiv. 13. It is to be observed that these two sharply contrasted texts do not refer to the same persons. The former is spoken of a rich worldling, the latter of 'the dead who die in the Lord.' The unrelieved gloom of the one is as a dark background against which the triumphant assurance of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Literature.
i. editions of chrysostom's works. S. Joannis Chrysostomi, archiepiscopi Constantinopolitani, Opera omnia quæ exstant vel quæ ejus nomine circumferuntur, ad mss. codices Gallicos, Vaticanos, Anglicos, Germanicosque castigata, etc. Opera et studio D.Bernardi de Montfaucon, monachi ordinis S. Benedicti e congregatione S. Mauri, opem ferentibus aliis ex codem sodalitio, monachis. Greek and Latin, Paris, 1718-'38, in 13 vols., fol. This is the best edition, and the result of about twenty
St. Chrysostom—On the Priesthood

Ecclesiastes
It is not surprising that the book of Ecclesiastes had a struggle to maintain its place in the canon, and it was probably only its reputed Solomonic authorship and the last two verses of the book that permanently secured its position at the synod of Jamnia in 90 A.D. The Jewish scholars of the first century A.D. were struck by the manner in which it contradicted itself: e.g., "I praised the dead more than the living," iv. 2, "A living dog is better than a dead lion," ix. 4; but they were still more
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 5:8
If you see the poor oppressed in a district, and justice and rights denied, do not be surprised at such things; for one official is eyed by a higher one, and over them both are others higher still.

Ecclesiastes 5:10
Whoever loves money never has enough; whoever loves wealth is never satisfied with their income. This too is meaningless.

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