Ecclesiastes 1:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
What do people gain from all their labors at which they toil under the sun?

King James Bible
What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under the sun?

Darby Bible Translation
What profit hath man of all his labour wherewith he laboureth under the sun?

World English Bible
What does man gain from all his labor in which he labors under the sun?

Young's Literal Translation
What advantage is to man by all his labour that he laboureth at under the sun?

Ecclesiastes 1:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

What profit hath a man - What is the sum of the real good he has gained by all his toils in life? They, in themselves, have neither made him contented nor happy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 2:22 For what has man of all his labor, and of the vexation of his heart, wherein he has labored under the sun?

Ecclesiastes 3:9 What profit has he that works in that wherein he labors?

Ecclesiastes 5:16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit has he that has labored for the wind?

Proverbs 23:4,5 Labor not to be rich: cease from your own wisdom...

Isaiah 55:2 Why do you spend money for that which is not bread? and your labor for that which satisfies not? listen diligently to me...

Habakkuk 2:13,18 Behold, is it not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labor in the very fire...

Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

Mark 8:36,37 For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul...

John 6:27 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures to everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give to you...

under

Ecclesiastes 2:11,19 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had worked, and on the labor that I had labored to do: and, behold...

Ecclesiastes 4:3,7 Yes, better is he than both they, which has not yet been, who has not seen the evil work that is done under the sun...

Ecclesiastes 5:18 Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink...

Ecclesiastes 6:12 For who knows what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spends as a shadow?...

Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

Ecclesiastes 8:15-17 Then I commended mirth, because a man has no better thing under the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry...

Ecclesiastes 9:3,6,13 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event to all: yes...

Library
Two views of Life
'This sore travail hath God given to the sons of man, to be exercised therewith.--ECCLES. i. 13. 'He for our profit, that we might be partakers of His holiness.'--HEBREWS xii. 10. These two texts set before us human life as it looks to two observers. The former admits that God shapes it; but to him it seems sore travail, the expenditure of much trouble and efforts; the results of which seem to be nothing beyond profitless exercise. There is an immense activity and nothing to show for it at the end
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Eusebius' Birth and Training. His Life in Cæsarea Until the Outbreak of the Persecution.
Our author was commonly known among the ancients as Eusebius of Cæsarea or Eusebius Pamphili. The former designation arose from the fact that he was bishop of the church in Cæsarea for many years; the latter from the fact that he was the intimate friend and devoted admirer of Pamphilus, a presbyter of Cæsarea and a martyr. Some such specific appellation was necessary to distinguish him from others of the same name. Smith and Wace's Dictionary of Christian Biography mentions 137
Eusebius Pamphilius—Church History

How to Make Use of Christ as the Truth, for Growth in Knowledge.
It is a commanded duty, that we grow in the knowledge of Jesus Christ, 2 Pet. iii. 18; and the knowledge of him being life eternal, John xvii. 3, and our measure of knowledge of him here being but imperfect, for we know but in part, it cannot but be an useful duty, and a desirable thing, to be growing in this knowledge. This is to walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, to be increasing in the knowledge of God, Col. i. 10. Knowledge must be added to virtue; and it layeth a ground for other Christian
John Brown (of Wamphray)—Christ The Way, The Truth, and The Life

Joy
'The fruit of the Spirit is joy.' Gal 5:52. The third fruit of justification, adoption, and sanctification, is joy in the Holy Ghost. Joy is setting the soul upon the top of a pinnacle - it is the cream of the sincere milk of the word. Spiritual joy is a sweet and delightful passion, arising from the apprehension and feeling of some good, whereby the soul is supported under present troubles, and fenced against future fear. I. It is a delightful passion. It is contrary to sorrow, which is a perturbation
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
1 Corinthians 16:16
to submit to such people and to everyone who joins in the work and labors at it.

Ecclesiastes 2:11
Yet when I surveyed all that my hands had done and what I had toiled to achieve, everything was meaningless, a chasing after the wind; nothing was gained under the sun.

Ecclesiastes 2:18
I hated all the things I had toiled for under the sun, because I must leave them to the one who comes after me.

Ecclesiastes 2:22
What do people get for all the toil and anxious striving with which they labor under the sun?

Ecclesiastes 3:9
What do workers gain from their toil?

Ecclesiastes 5:16
This too is a grievous evil: As everyone comes, so they depart, and what do they gain, since they toil for the wind?

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