Deuteronomy 19:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
This is the rule concerning anyone who kills a person and flees there for safety--anyone who kills a neighbor unintentionally, without malice aforethought.

King James Bible
And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;

Darby Bible Translation
And this is the case of the slayer who shall flee thither that he may live: he that smiteth his neighbour unwittingly, whom he hated not previously;

World English Bible
This is the case of the manslayer, that shall flee there and live: whoever kills his neighbor unawares, and didn't hate him in time past;

Young's Literal Translation
And this is the matter of the man-slayer who fleeth thither, and hath lived: He who smiteth his neighbour unknowingly, and is not hating him heretofore,

Deuteronomy 19:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou shalt prepare thee a way - The Jews inform us that the roads to the cities of refuge were made very broad, thirty-two cubits; and even, so that there should be no impediments in the way; and were constantly kept in good repair.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the slayer

Deuteronomy 4:42 That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbor unawares, and hated him not in times past...

Numbers 35:15-24 These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them...

in time past [heb] from yesterday to the third day

Deuteronomy 19:6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him...

Genesis 31:2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it was not toward him as before.

Joshua 3:4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near to it...

1 Chronicles 11:2 And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, you were he that led out and brought in Israel: and the LORD your God said to you...

Isaiah 30:33 For Tophet is ordained of old; yes, for the king it is prepared; he has made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood...

Library
The Cities of Refuge
'The Lord also spake unto Joshua, saying, 2. Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses: 3. That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. 4. And when he that doth flee unto one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

What the Ruler's Discrimination Should be Between Correction and Connivance, Between Fervour and Gentleness.
It should be known too that the vices of subjects ought sometimes to be prudently connived at, but indicated in that they are connived at; that things, even though openly known, ought sometimes to be seasonably tolerated, but sometimes, though hidden, be closely investigated; that they ought sometimes to be gently reproved, but sometimes vehemently censured. For, indeed, some things, as we have said, ought to be prudently connived at, but indicated in that they are connived at, so that, when the
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Cross References
Numbers 35:9
Then the LORD said to Moses:

Numbers 35:12
They will be places of refuge from the avenger, so that anyone accused of murder may not die before they stand trial before the assembly.

Deuteronomy 19:3
Determine the distances involved and divide into three parts the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, so that a person who kills someone may flee for refuge to one of these cities.

Deuteronomy 19:5
For instance, a man may go into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and as he swings his ax to fell a tree, the head may fly off and hit his neighbor and kill him. That man may flee to one of these cities and save his life.

2 Samuel 14:11
She said, "Then let the king invoke the LORD his God to prevent the avenger of blood from adding to the destruction, so that my son will not be destroyed." "As surely as the LORD lives," he said, "not one hair of your son's head will fall to the ground."

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Aforethought Case Causing Error Hate Hated Hating Ignorantly Killeth Kills Live Malice Manslayer Man-Slayer Matter Neighbor Neighbour Past Previously Provision Rule Save Slayer Smiteth Thither Time Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
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Aforethought Case Causing Error Hate Hated Hating Ignorantly Killeth Kills Live Malice Manslayer Man-Slayer Matter Neighbor Neighbour Past Previously Provision Rule Save Slayer Smiteth Thither Time Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
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