Deuteronomy 1:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
This was after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, and at Edrei had defeated Og king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth.

King James Bible
After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:

Darby Bible Translation
after he had smitten Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth [and] at Edrei.

World English Bible
after he had struck Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth, at Edrei.

Young's Literal Translation
after his smiting Sihon king of the Amorite who is dwelling in Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan who is dwelling in Ashtaroth in Edrei,

Deuteronomy 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The fortieth year - This was a melancholy year to the Hebrews in different respects; in the first month of this year Miriam died, Numbers 20; on the first day of the fifth month Aaron died, Numbers 33:38; and about the conclusion of it, Moses himself died.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 2:26-37 And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying...

Deuteronomy 3:1-11 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people...

Numbers 21:21-35 And Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying...

Joshua 12:2-6 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelled in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the bank of the river Arnon...

Joshua 13:10-12 And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, to the border of the children of Ammon...

Nehemiah 9:22 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...

Psalm 135:11 Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan:

Psalm 136:19,20 Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy endures for ever...

Library
Foretastes of the Heavenly Life
Early in the year 1857. NOTE: This edition of this sermon is taken from an earlier published edition of Spurgeon's 1857 message. The sermon that appears in The Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, vol. 45, was edited and abbreviated somewhat. For edition we have restored the fuller text of the earlier published edition, while retaining a few of the editorial refinements of the Met Tab edition. "And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us word again
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 45: 1899

Philo of Alexandria, the Rabbis, and the Gospels - the Final Development of Hellenism in Its Relation to Rabbinism and the Gospel According to St. John.
It is strange how little we know of the personal history of the greatest of uninspired Jewish writers of old, though he occupied so prominent a position in his time. [173] Philo was born in Alexandria, about the year 20 before Christ. He was a descendant of Aaron, and belonged to one of the wealthiest and most influential families among the Jewish merchant-princes of Egypt. His brother was the political head of that community in Alexandria, and he himself on one occasion represented his co-religionists,
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Appendix ii. Philo of Alexandria and Rabbinic Theology.
(Ad. vol. i. p. 42, note 4.) In comparing the allegorical Canons of Philo with those of Jewish traditionalism, we think first of all of the seven exegetical canons which are ascribed to Hillel. These bear chiefly the character of logical deductions, and as such were largely applied in the Halakhah. These seven canons were next expanded by R. Ishmael (in the first century) into thirteen, by the analysis of one of them (the 5th) into six, and the addition of this sound exegetical rule, that where two
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

The Blessing of Jacob Upon Judah. (Gen. Xlix. 8-10. )
Ver. 8. "Judah, thou, thy brethren shall praise thee; thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; before thee shall bow down the sons of thy father. Ver. 9. A lion's whelp is Judah; from the prey, my son, thou goest up; he stoopeth down, he coucheth as a lion, and as a full-grown lion, who shall rouse him up? Ver. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and unto Him the people shall adhere." Thus does dying Jacob, in announcing
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 14:5
In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim

Numbers 21:21
Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites:

Numbers 21:33
Then they turned and went up along the road toward Bashan, and Og king of Bashan and his whole army marched out to meet them in battle at Edrei.

Deuteronomy 1:5
East of the Jordan in the territory of Moab, Moses began to expound this law, saying:

Deuteronomy 2:26
From the Desert of Kedemoth I sent messengers to Sihon king of Heshbon offering peace and saying,

Deuteronomy 3:6
We completely destroyed them, as we had done with Sihon king of Heshbon, destroying every city--men, women and children.

Deuteronomy 4:47
They took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan, the two Amorite kings east of the Jordan.

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