2 Samuel 5:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
so David inquired of the LORD, and he answered, "Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.

King James Bible
And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.

Darby Bible Translation
And David inquired of Jehovah; and he said, Thou shalt not go up; turn round behind them and come upon them opposite the mulberry-trees.

World English Bible
When David inquired of Yahweh, he said, "You shall not go up. Circle around behind them, and attack them over against the mulberry trees.

Young's Literal Translation
and David asketh of Jehovah, and He saith, 'Thou dost not go up, turn round unto their rear, and thou hast come to them over-against the mulberries,

2 Samuel 5:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Fetch a compass behind them - When they may be had, God will not work without using human means. By this he taught David caution, prudence, and dependence on the Divine strength.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

enquired

2 Samuel 5:19 And David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? will you deliver them into my hand?...

fetch

Joshua 8:2,7 And you shall do to Ai and her king as you did to Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof...

1 Chronicles 14:14 Therefore David inquired again of God; and God said to him, Go not up after them; turn away from them...

Matthew 9:29,30 Then touched he their eyes, saying, According to your faith be it to you...

Matthew 8:23-25 And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him...

John 9:6,7 When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay...

the mulberry trees. The word {bechaim} rendered mulberry trees, is rendered Aquila, (), pear-trees, as the LXX. also render in

1 Chronicles 14:14,15 Therefore David inquired again of God; and God said to him, Go not up after them; turn away from them...

; and so the Vulgate in both places has {pyrorum}. The Rabbins, however, believe {bacha} signifies the {mulberry-tree}; with whom Ursinus agrees. It more probably denotes a large shrub which the Arabs still call {baca}, from its {distilling} an odoriferous gum, from {bachah} to {distil}, as tears. Of this opinion is Celsius, who quotes a passage from {Abulfadi}, who describes it as a balsam shrub, having long leaves, and bearing a large fruit with an acrid taste. M. Forskal mentions a tree by the name of {baeca}, with leaves rather ovated??, smooth, entire: its berries are poisonous to the sheep.

Library
One Fold and one Shepherd
'Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 2. Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the Lord said to thee, Thou shalt feed My people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. 3. So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord: and they anointed David king over Israel. 4. David was
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

God's Strange Work
'That He may do His work, His strange work; and bring to pass His act, His strange act.'--ISAIAH xxviii. 21. How the great events of one generation fall dead to another! There is something very pathetic in the oblivion that swallows up world- resounding deeds. Here the prophet selects two instances which to him are solemn and singular examples of divine judgment, and we have difficulty in finding out to what he refers. To him they seemed the most luminous illustrations he could find of the principle
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
1 Samuel 22:15
Was that day the first time I inquired of God for him? Of course not! Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father's family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair."

1 Samuel 23:2
he inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" The LORD answered him, "Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah."

2 Samuel 5:19
so David inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?" The LORD answered him, "Go, for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hands."

1 Chronicles 14:14
so David inquired of God again, and God answered him, "Do not go directly after them, but circle around them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.

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Attack Balsam Circle Circuit Compass David Directions Directly Fetch Front Inquired Mulberries Mulberry Mulberry-Trees Opposite Over-Against Rear Round Spice-Trees Straight Trees Turn
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Attack Balsam Circle Circuit Compass David Directions Directly Fetch Front Inquired Mulberries Mulberry Mulberry-Trees Opposite Over-Against Rear Round Spice-Trees Straight Trees Turn
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