2 Samuel 15:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But David continued up the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went; his head was covered and he was barefoot. All the people with him covered their heads too and were weeping as they went up.

King James Bible
And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

Darby Bible Translation
But David went up by the ascent of the Olives, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot; and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

World English Bible
David went up by the ascent of the [Mount of] Olives, and wept as he went up; and he had his head covered, and went barefoot: and all the people who were with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

Young's Literal Translation
And David is going up in the ascent of the olives, going up and weeping, and he hath the head covered, and he is going barefooted, and all the people who are with him have covered each his head, and have gone up, going up and weeping;

2 Samuel 15:30 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Had his head covered - This was not only the attitude of a mourner, but even of a culprit; they usually had their heads covered when condemned. See the case of Haman. When the king had pronounced his condemnation, they immediately covered his face, and led him out to punishment; Esther 7:8 (note). See also Quintus Curtius, De Philota, cap. vi.: I, Lictor; caput obnubito.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the ascent

Zechariah 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day on the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east...

Luke 19:29,37 And it came to pass, when he was come near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives...

Luke 21:37 And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out...

Luke 22:39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

Acts 1:12 Then returned they to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey.

mount Olivet Mount Olivet, so called its abounding with olive trees, is situated east of Jerusalem, being separated from it only by the valley of Jehoshaphat and the brook Kidron. Josephus says it is five stadia, i.e,

625 geometrical paces from Jerusalem; and Luke (Ac

2 Samuel 1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD...

) says it is a Sabbath day's journey, or about eight stadia distant, i.e, to the summit. It forms part of a ridge of limestone hills, extending from north to south for about a mile; and it is described as having three, or, according to others, four summits; the central and highest of which overlooks the whole of the city, over whose street and walls the eye roves as if in the survey of a model.

and wept as he went up [heb] going up and weeping

Psalm 42:3-11 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say to me, Where is your God...

Psalm 43:1,2,5 Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man...

Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,

his head covered This practice was only practised by persons in great distress, or when convicted of great {crimes.} Thus Darius, when informed by Tyriotes, the eunuch, that his queen was dead, and that she had suffered no violence from Alexander, {covered his head}, and wept a long time; then throwing off the garment that covered him, he thanked the gods for Alexander's moderation and justice.

2 Samuel 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!

Esther 6:12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hurried to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

Jeremiah 14:3,4 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water...

barefoot

Isaiah 20:2,4 At the same time spoke the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off your loins...

Ezekiel 24:17,23 Forbear to cry, make no mourning for the dead, bind the tire of your head on you, and put on your shoes on your feet...

weeping

Psalm 126:5,6 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy...

Matthew 5:4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

1 Corinthians 12:26 And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honored, all the members rejoice with it.

Library
A Loyal Vow
'And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.'--2 SAMUEL xv. 15. We stand here at the darkest hour of King David's life. Bowed down by the consciousness of his past sin, and recognising in the rebellion of his favourite son the divine chastisement, his early courage and buoyant daring seem to have ebbed from him wholly. He is forsaken by the mass of his subjects, he is preparing to abandon Jerusalem, and to flee as an
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Loyal to the Core
On the other hand, look at Ittai, perfectly free to go, but in order to end the controversy once for all, and to make David know that he does not mean to leave him, he takes a solemn oath before Jehovah his God, and he doubles it by swearing by the life of David that he will never leave him; in life, in death, he will be with him. He has cast in his lot with him for better and for worse, and he means to be faithful to the end. Old Master Trapp says, "All faithful friends went on a pilgrimage years
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 26: 1880

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
2 Samuel 15:29
So Zadok and Abiathar took the ark of God back to Jerusalem and stayed there.

2 Samuel 19:4
The king covered his face and cried aloud, "O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my son!"

Esther 6:12
Afterward Mordecai returned to the king's gate. But Haman rushed home, with his head covered in grief,

Isaiah 20:2
at that time the LORD spoke through Isaiah son of Amoz. He said to him, "Take off the sackcloth from your body and the sandals from your feet." And he did so, going around stripped and barefoot.

Jeremiah 14:3
The nobles send their servants for water; they go to the cisterns but find no water. They return with their jars unfilled; dismayed and despairing, they cover their heads.

Ezekiel 24:17
Groan quietly; do not mourn for the dead. Keep your turban fastened and your sandals on your feet; do not cover your mustache and beard or eat the customary food of mourners."

Ezekiel 24:23
You will keep your turbans on your heads and your sandals on your feet. You will not mourn or weep but will waste away because of your sins and groan among yourselves.

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