2 Samuel 1:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and he ordered that the people of Judah be taught this lament of the bow (it is written in the Book of Jashar):

King James Bible
(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

Darby Bible Translation
and he bade them teach the children of Judah [the song of] the bow. Behold, it is written in the book of Jasher: --

World English Bible
(and he commanded them to teach the children of Judah [the song of] the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jashar):

Young's Literal Translation
and he saith to teach the sons of Judah 'The Bow;' lo, it is written on the book of the Upright: --

2 Samuel 1:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The use of the bow - The use of is not in the Hebrew; it is simply the bow, that is, a song thus entitled. See the observations at the end, 2 Samuel 1:21 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

teach

Genesis 49:8 Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise: your hand shall be in the neck of your enemies...

Deuteronomy 4:10 Specially the day that you stood before the LORD your God in Horeb, when the LORD said to me, Gather me the people together...

bow
Kasheth, or the bow, was probably the title of the following threnody; so called, in the oriental style, because Saul's death was occasioned by that weapon, and because the bow of Jonathan, out of which `the arrow was shot beyond the lad,' (

1 Samuel 20:36 And he said to his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.

) is celebrated in this song.

the book

Joshua 10:13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves on their enemies...

Jasher. or, the upright. So LXX. (), Targum, {siphra deoritha,} `the book of the law;' the Arabic, `the book of Ashee: this is the book of Samuel.' This book was probably a collection of divine odes, written to commemorate remarkable events.

Library
The History of the Psalter
[Sidenote: Nature of the Psalter] Corresponding to the book of Proverbs, itself a select library containing Israel's best gnomic literature, is the Psalter, the compendium of the nation's lyrical songs and hymns and prayers. It is the record of the soul experiences of the race. Its language is that of the heart, and its thoughts of common interest to worshipful humanity. It reflects almost every phase of religious feeling: penitence, doubt, remorse, confession, fear, faith, hope, adoration, and
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Cross References
Joshua 10:13
So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.

2 Samuel 1:19
"A gazelle lies slain on your heights, Israel. How the mighty have fallen!

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