1 Samuel 22:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and his father's household heard about it, they went down to him there.

King James Bible
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

Darby Bible Translation
And David departed thence, and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], and they went down thither to him.

World English Bible
David therefore departed there, and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him.

Young's Literal Translation
And David goeth thence, and is escaped unto the cave of Adullam, and his brethren hear, and all the house of his father, and go down unto him thither;

1 Samuel 22:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The cave Adullam - This was in the tribe of Judah, and, according to Eusebius and Jerome, ten miles eastward of what they call Eleutheropolis.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

David

1 Samuel 21:10-15 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath...

Psalm 34:1 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

the cave

Joshua 12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

Joshua 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,

2 Samuel 23:13,14 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam...

Psalm 142:1 I cried to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD did I make my supplication.

Micah 1:3,15 For, behold, the LORD comes forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread on the high places of the earth...

Hebrews 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

Adullam Adullam was a city of Judah; and, according to Eusebius, ten miles (Jerome says eleven) eastward from Eleutheropolis.

Library
Covenanting Confers Obligation.
As it has been shown that all duty, and that alone, ought to be vowed to God in covenant, it is manifest that what is lawfully engaged to in swearing by the name of God is enjoined in the moral law, and, because of the authority of that law, ought to be performed as a duty. But it is now to be proved that what is promised to God by vow or oath, ought to be performed also because of the act of Covenanting. The performance of that exercise is commanded, and the same law which enjoins that the duties
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Ramah. Ramathaim Zophim. Gibeah.
There was a certain Ramah, in the tribe of Benjamin, Joshua 18:25, and that within sight of Jerusalem, as it seems, Judges 19:13; where it is named with Gibeah:--and elsewhere, Hosea 5:8; which towns were not much distant. See 1 Samuel 22:6; "Saul sat in Gibeah, under a grove in Ramah." Here the Gemarists trifle: "Whence is it (say they) that Ramah is placed near Gibea? To hint to you, that the speech of Samuel of Ramah was the cause, why Saul remained two years and a half in Gibeah." They blindly
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Genesis 38:1
At that time, Judah left his brothers and went down to stay with a man of Adullam named Hirah.

Joshua 12:15
the king of Libnah one the king of Adullam one

Joshua 15:35
Jarmuth, Adullam, Sokoh, Azekah,

1 Samuel 21:15
Am I so short of madmen that you have to bring this fellow here to carry on like this in front of me? Must this man come into my house?"

2 Samuel 23:13
During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.

Psalm 57:1
For the director of music. To the tune of "Do Not Destroy." Of David. A miktam. When he had fled from Saul into the cave. Have mercy on me, my God, have mercy on me, for in you I take refuge. I will take refuge in the shadow of your wings until the disaster has passed.

Psalm 142:1
A maskil of David. When he was in the cave. A prayer. I cry aloud to the LORD; I lift up my voice to the LORD for mercy.

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