1 Samuel 1:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice to the LORD Almighty at Shiloh, where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests of the LORD.

King James Bible
And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.

Darby Bible Translation
And this man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice to Jehovah of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of Jehovah, were there.

World English Bible
This man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice to Yahweh of Armies in Shiloh. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to Yahweh, were there.

Young's Literal Translation
And that man hath gone up out of his city from time to time, to bow himself, and to sacrifice, before Jehovah of Hosts, in Shiloh, and there are two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to Jehovah.

1 Samuel 1:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Went up out of his city yearly to worship - As the ark was at Shiloh, there was the temple of God, and thither all the males were bound by the law to go once a year, on each of the great national festivals: viz., the passover, pentecost, and feast of tabernacles.

The Lord of hosts - יהוה צבאות Yehovah tsebaoth, Jehovah of armies. As all the heavenly bodies were called the hosts of heaven, צבא השמים tseba hashshamayim, Jehovah being called Lord of this host showed that he was their Maker and Governor; and consequently He, not they, was the proper object of religious worship. The sun, moon, planets, and stars, were the highest objects of religious worship to the heathens in general. The Jewish religion, teaching the knowledge of a Being who was the Lord of all these, showed at once its superiority to all that heathenism could boast. This is the first place where Lord of hosts is mentioned in the Bible; and this is so much in the style of the prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc., that it gives some weight to the supposition that this book was written by a person who lived in or after the times of these prophets. See the preface.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

yearly [heb] from year to year

Exodus 23:14,17 Three times you shall keep a feast to me in the year...

Exodus 34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your male children appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel.

Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD your God in the place which he shall choose...

Luke 2:41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.

to worship

Deuteronomy 12:5-7,11-14 But to the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there...

Shiloh

1 Samuel 1:9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk...

Joshua 18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there...

Psalm 78:60 So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men;

Jeremiah 7:12-14 But go you now to my place which was in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first...

And the

1 Samuel 1:9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk...

1 Samuel 2:12-17,34 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD...

1 Samuel 3:13 For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knows; because his sons made themselves vile...

1 Samuel 4:4,11,17,18 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts...

Library
Of Self-Annihilation
Of Self-Annihilation Supplication and sacrifice are comprehended in prayer, which, according to S. John, is "an incense, the smoke whereof ascendeth unto God;" therefore it is said in the Apocalypse that "unto the Angel was given much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all Saints'' (Chap. viii. 3). Prayer is the effusion of the heart in the Presence of God: "I have poured out my soul before God" saith the mother of Samuel. (1 Sam. i. 15) The prayer of the wise men at the feet of
Madame Guyon—A Short and Easy Method of Prayer

John Newton 1Sam 1:10,18

John Newton—Olney Hymns

Nature of Covenanting.
A covenant is a mutual voluntary compact between two parties on given terms or conditions. It may be made between superiors and inferiors, or between equals. The sentiment that a covenant can be made only between parties respectively independent of one another is inconsistent with the testimony of Scripture. Parties to covenants in a great variety of relative circumstances, are there introduced. There, covenant relations among men are represented as obtaining not merely between nation and nation,
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

I Will Pray with the Spirit and with the Understanding Also-
OR, A DISCOURSE TOUCHING PRAYER; WHEREIN IS BRIEFLY DISCOVERED, 1. WHAT PRAYER IS. 2. WHAT IT IS TO PRAY WITH THE SPIRIT. 3. WHAT IT IS TO PRAY WITH THE SPIRIT AND WITH THE UNDERSTANDING ALSO. WRITTEN IN PRISON, 1662. PUBLISHED, 1663. "For we know not what we should pray for as we ought:--the Spirit--helpeth our infirmities" (Rom 8:26). ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. There is no subject of more solemn importance to human happiness than prayer. It is the only medium of intercourse with heaven. "It is
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Cross References
Luke 2:41
Every year Jesus' parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover.

Exodus 23:14
"Three times a year you are to celebrate a festival to me.

Exodus 34:23
Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Sovereign LORD, the God of Israel.

Deuteronomy 12:5
But you are to seek the place the LORD your God will choose from among all your tribes to put his Name there for his dwelling. To that place you must go;

Deuteronomy 16:16
Three times a year all your men must appear before the LORD your God at the place he will choose: at the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the Festival of Weeks and the Festival of Tabernacles. No one should appear before the LORD empty-handed:

Joshua 18:1
The whole assembly of the Israelites gathered at Shiloh and set up the tent of meeting there. The country was brought under their control,

Judges 21:19
But look, there is the annual festival of the LORD in Shiloh, which lies north of Bethel, east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebonah."

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