1 Kings 8:37
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"When famine or plague comes to the land, or blight or mildew, locusts or grasshoppers, or when an enemy besieges them in any of their cities, whatever disaster or disease may come,

King James Bible
If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpiller; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be;

Darby Bible Translation
If there be famine in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blight, mildew, locust, caterpillar; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their gates; whatever plague, whatever sickness there be:

World English Bible
"If there is famine in the land, if there is pestilence, if there is blight, mildew, locust or caterpillar; if their enemy besieges them in the land of their cities; whatever plague, whatever sickness there is;

Young's Literal Translation
Famine -- when it is in the land; pestilence -- when it is; blasting, mildew, locust; caterpillar -- when it is; when its enemy hath distressed it in the land in its gates, any plague, any sickness, --

1 Kings 8:37 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If there be in the land famine - pestilence - The Fourth case includes several kinds of evils:

1. Famine; a scarcity or total want of bread, necessarily springing from the preceding cause, drought.

2. Pestilence; any general and contagious disease.

3. Blasting; any thing by which the crops are injured, so that the ear is never matured; but instead of wholesome grain, there is a black offensive dust.

4. Mildew; any thing that vitiates or corrodes the texture of the stalk, destroys the flowers and blossoms, or causes the young shaped fruits to fall off their stems.

5. Locust, a well known curse in the East, a species of grasshopper that multiplies by millions, and covers the face of the earth for many miles square, destroying every green thing; leaving neither herb nor grass upon the earth, nor leaf nor bark upon the trees.

6. Caterpillar; the locust in its young or nympha state. The former refers to locusts brought by winds from other countries and settling on the land; the latter, to the young locusts bred in the land.

7. An enemy, having attacked their defenced cities, the keys and barriers of the land.

8. Any other kind of plague; that which affects the surface of the body; blotch, blain, leprosy, ophthalmia, etc.

9. Sickness; whatever impaired the strength, or affected the intestines, disturbing or destroying their natural functions.

All such cases were to be brought before the Lord, the persons having a deep sense of the wickedness which induced God thus to afflict, or permit them to be afflicted: for only those who knew the plague of their own hearts, (1 Kings 8:38), the deep-rooted moral corruption of their nature, and the destructive nature and sinfulness of sin, were likely to pray in such a manner as to induce God to hear and forgive.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in the land famine

Leviticus 26:16,25,26 I also will do this to you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes...

Deuteronomy 28:21,22,25,38-42,52-61 The LORD shall make the pestilence stick to you, until he have consumed you from off the land, where you go to possess it...

2 Kings 6:25-29 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver...

1 Chronicles 21:12 Either three years' famine; or three months to be destroyed before your foes, while that the sword of your enemies overtakes you...

2 Chronicles 6:28-31 If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillars...

2 Chronicles 20:9 If, when evil comes on us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house...

Psalm 105:34,35 He spoke, and the locusts came, and caterpillars, and that without number...

Jeremiah 32:2 For then the king of Babylon's army besieged Jerusalem: and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the prison...

Jeremiah 39:1-3 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem...

Ezekiel 14:21 For thus said the Lord GOD; How much more when I send my four sore judgments on Jerusalem, the sword, and the famine...

Joel 1:4-7 That which the palmerworm has left has the locust eaten; and that which the locust has left has the cankerworm eaten...

Joel 2:25,26 And I will restore to you the years that the locust has eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpillar, and the palmerworm...

cities. or, jurisdiction

Library
'The Matter of a Day in Its Day'
'At all times, as the matter shall require.'--1 KINGS viii. 59. I have ventured to diverge from my usual custom, and take this fragment of a text because, in the forcible language of the original, it carries some very important lessons. The margin of our Bible gives the literal reading of the Hebrew; the sense, but not the vigorous idiom, of which is conveyed in the paraphrase in our version. 'At all times, as the matter shall require,' is, literally, 'the thing of a day in its day'; and that is
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Next Words Are, which Art in Heaven. ...
The next words are, WHICH ART IN HEAVEN. From this we are not to infer that he is enclosed and confined within the circumference of heaven, as by a kind of boundaries. Hence Solomon confesses, "The heaven of heavens cannot contain thee" (1 Kings 8:27); and he himself says by the Prophet, "The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool" (Isa. 56:1); thereby intimating, that his presence, not confined to any region, is diffused over all space. But as our gross minds are unable to conceive of
John Calvin—Of Prayer--A Perpetual Exercise of Faith

The Whole Heart
LET me give the principal passages in which the words "the whole heart," "all the heart," are used. A careful study of them will show how wholehearted love and service is what God has always asked, because He can, in the very nature of things, ask nothing less. The prayerful and believing acceptance of the words will waken the assurance that such wholehearted love and service is exactly the blessing the New Covenant was meant to make possible. That assurance will prepare us for turning to the Omnipotence
Andrew Murray—The Two Covenants

The Gospel of John
As we turn to the fourth Gospel we come to entirely different ground from that which we have traversed in the other three. True, the period of time which is covered by it, is the same as in the others; true, that some of the incidents that have already been looked at will here come before us again; and true it is that he who has occupied the central position in the narratives of the first three Evangelists, is the same One that is made preeminent by John; but otherwise, everything here is entirely
Arthur W. Pink—Why Four Gospels?

Cross References
Leviticus 26:16
then I will do this to you: I will bring on you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and sap your strength. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it.

Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring the sword on you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands.

Deuteronomy 28:21
The LORD will plague you with diseases until he has destroyed you from the land you are entering to possess.

Deuteronomy 28:38
You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little, because locusts will devour it.

1 Kings 8:38
and when a prayer or plea is made by anyone among your people Israel--being aware of the afflictions of their own hearts, and spreading out their hands toward this temple--

Psalm 78:46
He gave their crops to the grasshopper, their produce to the locust.

Psalm 91:3
Surely he will save you from the fowler's snare and from the deadly pestilence.

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