1 Kings 3:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong. For who is able to govern this great people of yours?"

King James Bible
Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?

Darby Bible Translation
Give therefore to thy servant an understanding heart, to judge thy people, to discern between good and bad; for who is able to judge this thy numerous people?

World English Bible
Give your servant therefore an understanding heart to judge your people, that I may discern between good and evil; for who is able to judge this your great people?"

Young's Literal Translation
and Thou hast given to Thy servant an understanding heart, to judge Thy people, to discern between good and evil; for who is able to judge this Thy great people?'

1 Kings 3:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Give - an understanding heart to judge thy people - He did not ask wisdom in general, but the true science of government. This wisdom he sought, and this wisdom he obtained.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Give therefore

1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give you wisdom and understanding, and give you charge concerning Israel, that you may keep the law of the LORD your God.

1 Chronicles 29:19 And give to Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep your commandments, your testimonies, and your statutes, and to do all these things...

2 Chronicles 1:10 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this your people...

Psalm 119:34,73,144 Give me understanding, and I shall keep your law; yes, I shall observe it with my whole heart...

Proverbs 2:3-9 Yes, if you cry after knowledge, and lift up your voice for understanding...

Proverbs 3:13-18 Happy is the man that finds wisdom, and the man that gets understanding...

Proverbs 16:16 How much better is it to get wisdom than gold! and to get understanding rather to be chosen than silver!

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him.

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits...

understanding [heb] hearing

Proverbs 20:12 The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD has made even both of them.

to judge

1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king...

Psalm 72:1,2 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Proverbs 14:8 The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way: but the folly of fools is deceit.

Ecclesiastes 7:11,19 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun...

Ecclesiastes 9:15-18 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man...

John 5:30 I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will...

discern

2 Samuel 14:17 Then your handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God...

Isaiah 11:2-4 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might...

1 Corinthians 2:14,15 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness to him: neither can he know them...

Ephesians 5:17 Why be you not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is.

Philippians 1:10 That you may approve things that are excellent; that you may be sincere and without offense till the day of Christ.

Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age...

who is able

Exodus 3:11,12 And Moses said to God, Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt...

Exodus 4:10-13 And Moses said to the LORD, O my LORD, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since you have spoken to your servant...

Jeremiah 1:6 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, I cannot speak: for I am a child.

Matthew 3:11,14 I indeed baptize you with water to repentance. but he that comes after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear...

2 Corinthians 2:16 To the one we are the smell of death to death; and to the other the smell of life to life. And who is sufficient for these things?

2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God;

Library
A Young Man's Wise Choice Op Wisdom
'In Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. 6. And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto Thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before Thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with Thee; and Thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that Thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. 7. And now, O Lord my God, Thou hast made Thy servant king instead of David my father: and
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Letter Lxxiv. To Rufinus of Rome.
Rufinus, a Roman Presbyter (to be carefully distinguished from Rufinus of Aquileia and Rufinus the Syrian), had written to Jerome for an explanation of the judgment of Solomon (1 Kings iii. 16-28). This Jerome gives at length, treating the narrative as a parable and making the false and true mothers types of the Synagogue and the Church. The date of the letter is 398 a.d.
St. Jerome—The Principal Works of St. Jerome

Differences in Judgment About Water Baptism, no Bar to Communion: Or, to Communicate with Saints, as Saints, Proved Lawful.
IN ANSWER TO A BOOK WRITTEN BY THE BAPTISTS, AND PUBLISHED BY MR. T. PAUL AND MR. W. KIFFIN, ENTITLED, 'SOME SERIOUS REFLECTIONS ON THAT PART OF MR BUNYAN'S CONFESSION OF FAITH, TOUCHING CHURCH COMMUNION WITH UNBAPTIZED BELIEVERS.' WHEREIN THEIR OBJECTIONS AND ARGUMENTS ARE ANSWERED, AND THE DOCTRINE OF COMMUNION STILL ASSERTED AND VINDICATED. HERE IS ALSO MR. HENRY JESSE'S JUDGMENT IN THE CASE, FULLY DECLARING THE DOCTRINE I HAVE ASSERTED. BY JOHN BUNYAN. 'Should not the multitude of words be answered?
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

The Temple and Its Dedication
The long-cherished plan of David to erect a temple to the Lord, Solomon wisely carried out. For seven years Jerusalem was filled with busy workers engaged in leveling the chosen site, in building vast retaining walls, in laying broad foundations,--"great stones, costly stones, and hewed stones,"--in shaping the heavy timbers brought from the Lebanon forests, and in erecting the magnificent sanctuary. 1 Kings 5:17. Simultaneously with the preparation of wood and stone, to which task many thousands
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Hebrews 5:14
But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

James 1:5
If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you.

2 Samuel 14:17
"And now your servant says, 'May the word of my lord the king secure my inheritance, for my lord the king is like an angel of God in discerning good and evil. May the LORD your God be with you.'"

1 Kings 3:10
The Lord was pleased that Solomon had asked for this.

1 Kings 3:28
When all Israel heard the verdict the king had given, they held the king in awe, because they saw that he had wisdom from God to administer justice.

1 Kings 10:24
The whole world sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom God had put in his heart.

1 Chronicles 22:12
May the LORD give you discretion and understanding when he puts you in command over Israel, so that you may keep the law of the LORD your God.

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