New American Standard Bible
Yet they still continued to sin against Him, To rebel against the Most High in the desert.
King James Bible
And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness.
Darby Bible Translation
Yet they still went on sinning against him, provoking the Most High in the desert;
World English Bible
Yet they still went on to sin against him, to rebel against the Most High in the desert.
Young's Literal Translation
And they add still to sin against Him, To provoke the Most High in the dry place.
Psalm 78:17 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
And they sinned yet more against him - literally, "They added to sin against him." The idea is, that his mercies, and the proofs of his presence were only made the occasion of greater sin on their part. This may have been in two ways;
(1) their sin was thus more aggravated, as being committed against greater light; and
(2) they evinced more and more their depravity, in proportion as he bestowed mercies on them - not an uncommon thing with people.
By provoking the Most High - literally, "embittering." They rebelled against him. They refused to submit to him. They forgot his mercies. Compare Deuteronomy 9:22.
In the wilderness - literally, "in the dry place;" in the desert. In the very place where they were most manifestly dependent on him - where there were no natural streams of water - where their needs were met by a miraculous supply - even there did they provoke him, and rebel against him. If he had simply stopped that miraculous supply of water they must have perished. But sinners forget how dependent they are on God, when they sin against him. On what can they rely, if he withdraws from them, and leaves them to themselves?
Among such sins of the first table is that described in our text. It is consequently one of the masterpieces of iniquity, and we shall do well to purge ourselves of it. It is full of evil to ourselves, and is calculated to dishonor both God and man, therefore let us be in earnest to cut it up both root and branch. I think we have all been guilty of this in our measure; and we are not free from it even to this day. Whether we be saints or sinners, we may stand here and make our humble confession that …
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859
"The Sun of Righteousness"
A Jealous God
For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?
"Again at Taberah and at Massah and at Kibroth-hattaavah you provoked the LORD to wrath.
God makes a home for the lonely; He leads out the prisoners into prosperity, Only the rebellious dwell in a parched land.
Our fathers in Egypt did not understand Your wonders; They did not remember Your abundant kindnesses, But rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea.
But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.
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