New American Standard Bible
When the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first ceremonially washed before the meal.
King James Bible
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.
Darby Bible Translation
But the Pharisee seeing it wondered that he had not first washed before dinner.
World English Bible
When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner.
Young's Literal Translation
and the Pharisee having seen, did wonder that he did not first baptize himself before the dinner.
Luke 11:38 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Saw it - Saw that he sat immediately down without washing.
Marvelled - Wondered. Was amazed. It was so unusual, and in his view so improper.
Had not first washed - He wondered particularly, as he had been among a mixed multitude, and they esteemed the "touch" of such persons polluting. They never ate, therefore, without such washing. The origin of the custom of washing with so much formality "before" they partook of their meals was that they did not use, as we do, knives and forks, but used their hands only. Hence, as their hands would be often in a dish on the table, it was esteemed proper that they should be washed clean before eating. Nor was their impropriety in the thing itself, but the Pharisees made it a matter of ceremony; they placed no small part of their religion in such ceremonies; and it was right, therefore, that our Lord should take occasion to reprove them for it. Compare Mark 7:4.
LibraryThe Praying Christ
'... As He was praying in a certain place, when He ceased, one of His disclples said unto Him, Lord, teach us to pray.'--LUKE xi. 1. It is noteworthy that we owe our knowledge of the prayers of Jesus principally to the Evangelist Luke. There is, indeed, one solemn hour of supplication under the quivering shadows of the olive-trees in Gethsemane which is recorded by Matthew and Mark as well; and though the fourth Gospel passes over that agony of prayer, it gives us, in accordance with its ruling purpose, …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions Of Holy Scripture
On the Words of the Gospel, Luke xi. 5, "Which of You Shall have a Friend, and Shall Go unto Him at Midnight," Etc.
Moses --Making Haste
Now when Jesus heard this, He marveled and said to those who were following, "Truly I say to you, I have not found such great faith with anyone in Israel.
"Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread."
and had seen that some of His disciples were eating their bread with impure hands, that is, unwashed.
(For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they carefully wash their hands, thus observing the traditions of the elders;
Now when He had spoken, a Pharisee asked Him to have lunch with him; and He went in, and reclined at the table.
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