New American Standard Bible
"Will the faultfinder contend with the Almighty? Let him who reproves God answer it."
King James Bible
Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.
Darby Bible Translation
Shall he that will contend with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth +God, let him answer it.
World English Bible
"Shall he who argues contend with the Almighty? He who argues with God, let him answer it."
Young's Literal Translation
Is the striver with the Mighty instructed? The reprover of God, let him answer it.
Job 40:2 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Shall he that contendeth with the A mighty instruct him? - Gesenius renders this, "Contending shall the reprover of God contend with the Almighty?" Prof. Lee, "Shall one by contending with the Almighty correct this?" On the grammatical construction, see Gesenius on the word יסור yissôr, and Rosenmuller and Lee, in loc. The meaning seems to be this: "Will he who would enter into a controversy with the Almighty now presume to instruct him? He that was so desirous of arguing his cause with God, will he now answer?" All the language used here is taken from courts, and is such as I have had frequent occasion to explain in these notes. The reference is to the fact that Job had so often expressed a wish to carry his cause, as before a judicial tribunal, directly up to God. He had felt that if he could get it there, he could so argue it as to secure a verdict in his favor; that he could set arguments before the Almighty which would secure a reversal of the fearful sentence which had gone out against him, and which had caused him to be held as a guilty man. God now asks whether he who had been so anxious to have a legal argument, and to carry his cause himself before God - a man disposed to litigation before God (רוב rûb) - was still of the same mind, and felt himself qualified to take upon himself the office of an instructor, a corrector, an admonisher (יסור yissôr) of God? He had the opportunity now, and God here paused, after the sublime exhibition of his majesty and power in the previous chapters, to give him an opportunity, as he wished, to carry his cause directly before him. The result is stated in Job 40:3-4. Job had now nothing to say.
He that reproveth God - Or rather, "He that is disposed to carry his cause before God," as Job had often expressed a wish to do. The word used here (יכח yâkach) is often employed, especially in the Hiphil, in a "forensic sense," and means "to argue, to show, to prove" anything; then "to argue down, to confute, to convict;" see Job 6:25; Job 13:15; Job 19:5; Job 32:12; Proverbs 9:7-8; Proverbs 15:12; Proverbs 19:25. It is evidently used in that sense here - a Hiphil participle מוכיח môkiyach - and refers, not to any man in general who reproves God, but to Job in particular, as having expressed a wish to carry his cause before him, and to argue it there.
Let him answer it - Or rather, "Let him answer him." That is, Is he now ready to answer? There is now an opportunity for him to carry his cause, as he wished, directly before God. Is he ready to embrace the opportunity, and to answer now what the Almighty has said? This does not mean, then, as the common version would seem to imply, that the man who reproves God must be held responsible for it, but that Job, who had expressed the wish to carry his cause before God, had now an opportunity to do so. That this is the meaning, is apparent from the next verses, where Job says that he was confounded, and had nothing to say.
LibraryWhether at the Coming Judgment the Angels Will be Judged?
Objection 1: It would seem that the angels will be judged at the coming judgment. For it is written (1 Cor. 6:3): "Know you not that we shall judge angels?" But this cannot refer to the state of the present time. Therefore it should refer to the judgment to come. Objection 2: Further, it is written concerning Behemoth or Leviathan, whereby the devil is signified (Job 40:28): "In the sight of all he shall be cast down"; and (Mk. 1:24)* the demon cried out to Christ: "Why art Thou come to destroy us …
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica
Letter xx. Self-Examination.
Book vii. On the Useful or the Ordinary
"But we are all as an Unclean Thing, and all Our Righteousnesses are as Filthy Rags,"
"If one wished to dispute with Him, He could not answer Him once in a thousand times.
"I will say to God, 'Do not condemn me; Let me know why You contend with me.
"But I would speak to the Almighty, And I desire to argue with God.
"I would present my case before Him And fill my mouth with arguments.
"Oh that I had one to hear me! Behold, here is my signature; Let the Almighty answer me! And the indictment which my adversary has written,
"Why do you complain against Him That He does not give an account of all His doings?
Then the LORD said to Job,
Jump to PreviousAccuses Almighty Arguments Contend Contendeth Contends Correct Forward Instruct Protesting Reproves Reproveth Ruler Teaching
Jump to NextAccuses Almighty Arguments Contend Contendeth Contends Correct Forward Instruct Protesting Reproves Reproveth Ruler Teaching
LinksJob 40:2 NIV
Job 40:2 NLT
Job 40:2 ESV
Job 40:2 NASB
Job 40:2 KJV
Job 40:2 Bible Apps
Job 40:2 Biblia Paralela
Job 40:2 Chinese Bible
Job 40:2 French Bible
Job 40:2 German Bible
Job 40:2 Commentaries