New American Standard Bible
The elder to the chosen lady and her children, whom I love in truth; and not only I, but also all who know the truth,
King James Bible
The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;
Darby Bible Translation
The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth, and not I only but also all who have known the truth,
World English Bible
The elder, to the chosen lady and her children, whom I love in truth; and not I only, but also all those who know the truth;
Young's Literal Translation
The Elder to the choice Kyria, and to her children, whom I love in truth, and not I only, but also all those having known the truth,
2 John 1:1 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
The elder - See the introduction, Section 1, (2,d).
Unto the elect lady - The elect or chosen Kyria. See the introduction, Section 2. He addresses her as one chosen of God to salvation, in the use of a term often applied to Christians in the New Testament.
And her children - The word here rendered "children" (τέκνοις teknois) would include in itself both sons and daughters, but since the apostle immediately uses a masculine pronoun, τοις tois it would seem more probable that sons only were intended. At all events, the use of such a pronoun proves that some at least of her children were sons. Of their number and character we have no information, except that (the notes at 2 John 1:4) a part of them were Christians.
Whom I love in the truth - See the notes, John 3:18. The meaning here is, that he "truly" or "sincerely" loved them. The introduction of the article the here, which is not in the original, (ἐν ἀληθίᾳ en alēthia) somewhat obscures the sense, as if the meaning were that he loved them so far as they embraced the truth. The meaning however is, that he was sincerely attached to them. The word "whom" here, (οὓς hous,) embraces both the mother and her children, though the pronoun is in the masculine gender, in accordance with the usage of the Greek language. No mention is made of her husband, and it may thence be inferred that she was a widow. Had he been living, though he might not have been a Christian, it is to be presumed that some allusion would have been made to him as well as to the children, especially since there is reason to believe that only some of her children were pious. See the notes, 2 John 1:4.
And not I only, but also all they that have known the truth - That is, all those Christians who had had an opportunity of knowing them, were sincerely attached to them. It would seem, from a subsequent part of the Epistle 2 John 1:10, that this female was of a hospitable character, and was accustomed to entertain at her house the professed friends of religion, especially religious teachers, and it is probable that she was the more extensively known from this fact. The commendation of the apostle here shows that it is possible that a family shall be extensively known as one of order, peace, and religion, so that all who know it or hear of it shall regard it with interest, respect, and love.
and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free."
And this they did, sending it in charge of Barnabas and Saul to the elders.
Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine.
1 Timothy 2:4
who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.
1 Peter 5:1
Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed,
1 Peter 5:13
She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark.
1 John 3:18
Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth.
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