New American Standard Bible
Submit yourselves for the Lord's sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority,
King James Bible
Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;
Darby Bible Translation
Be in subjection therefore to every human institution for the Lord's sake; whether to the king as supreme,
World English Bible
Therefore subject yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether to the king, as supreme;
Young's Literal Translation
Be subject, then, to every human creation, because of the Lord, whether to a king, as the highest,
1 Peter 2:13 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man - Greek, "to every creation of man," (ἀνθρωπίνῃ κτίσει anthrōpinē ktisei The meaning is, to every institution or appointment of man; to wit, of those who are in authority, or who are appointed to administer government. The laws, institutes, and appointments of such a government may be spoken of as the creation of man; that is, as what man makes. Of course, what is here said must be understood with the limitation everywhere implied, that what is ordained by those in authority is not contrary to the law of God. See the notes at Acts 4:19. On the general duty here enjoined of subjection to civil authority, see the notes at Romans 13:1-7.
Whether it be to the king - It has been commonly supposed that there is reference here to the Roman emperor, who might be called king, because in him the supreme power resided. The common title of the Roman sovereign was, as used by the Greek writers, ᾀυτοκράτωρ autokratōr, and among the Romans themselves, "imperator," (emperor;) but the title king was also given to the sovereign. John 19:15, "we have no king but Cesar." Acts 17:7, "and these all do contrary to the decrees of Cesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus." Peter undoubtedly had particular reference to the Roman emperors, but he uses a general term, which would be applicable to all in whom the supreme power resided, and the injunction here would require submission to such authority, by whatever name it might be called. The meaning is, that we are to be subject to that authority whether exercised by the sovereign in person, or by those who are appointed by him.
As supreme - Not supreme in the sense of being superior to God, or not being subject to him, but in the sense of being over all subordinate officers.
LibraryChrist the Exemplar
'For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps.'--1 Peter ii. 21. These words are a very striking illustration of the way in which the Gospel brings Christ's principles to bear upon morals and duty. The Apostle is doing nothing more than exhorting a handful of slaves to the full and complete and patient acceptance of their hard lot, and in order to teach a very homely and lowly lesson to the squalid minds of a few captives, …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John
Mirrors of God
A Defence of the Doctrine of Justification, by Faith in Jesus Christ;
Justification by an Imputed Righteousness;
Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.
Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience' sake.
1 Peter 2:17
Honor all people, love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the king.
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