"A PREFACE TO ALL GOOD HYMN-BOOKS."
CHAPTER I. THE EARLY DAWN OF GERMAN SACRED POETRY AND SONG. A. D. 800-900
Ambrosian Church Music
Gregorian Church Music
A Benedictine Monastery
Otfried of Weissenburg
MYSTICE DE REVERSIONE MAGORUM AD PATRIAM.
CHAPTER II. A LONG TWILIGHT. A.D. 900-1100.
ANOTHER PRAYER (Ninth Century).
CHAPTER III. THE MORNING. A.D. 1100-1250
Another "Leich" or "Sequence" of his, which became extremely popular, is
Another of his poems is called
THE BEAUTY OF THIS WORLD.
But in the list we also find the greatest of the knightly Minne-singers, Hartmann von der Aue, Reinmar von Hagenau, Gottfried von Strasburg, Wolfram von Eschenbach, and the noble singer Walther von der Vogelweide.
Another crusading song, which was very widely used on pilgrimages in these days, was sung to a melody which has been preserved to the present time, by its connexion with one of Luther's hymns; it is this:--
Another crusader and Minne-singer of those days, Sir Reinmar of Hagenau, gives us a glimpse of the struggle that must have gone on in many minds between the love of pleasure and the self-control that befitted a soldier of the Cross, a struggle of which we may still use his own words, "full many another feels it too:--"
A little anonymous poem of the same date, the last verse of which appears, from the metre, to be incomplete, surprises us by what seems to us the modern tone of its tender and passionate
Walter von der Vogelweide
So die bluomen uz dem grase dringent
But others treat of higher and more serious themes, and show us a man deeply engaged in the political and religious life of his day. He was a warm lover of his country, but he does not hesitate to rebuke and satirize his countrymen, whether clergy or laity, for their faults and shortcomings. In the great struggle between the Pope and the Emperor, he is heart and soul on the national side, and writes such stern reproofs and bitter epigrams on the Head of the Church, as startle us from one of its sons. But he is an earnest Christian, sometimes lamenting his own sins with simple penitence, sometimes expressing a strong and manly faith. He preaches the Crusade, and so heartily that he refuses the meed of a poet's praises to the archangels themselves, if they come not to the succour of Christendom.
THE PRAISE OF GERMANY.
A MORNING PRAYER.
EQUALITY BEFORE GOD.
IN THE HOLY LAND.
CHAPTER IV. DARK TIMES AND BRIGHT TIMES. A.D.1253-1500
WHAT I MUST DO.
DEATH WILL CONQUER.
NO MORE DESPAIR.
Another Christmas carol of this date is the following on
A favourite song, or we might almost call it a ballad for Easter, was this one:--
A sequence found about the same date is called in old manuscripts
We have a testimony to the use of Easter hymns in church in the following poem by Conrad von Queinfurt, belonging to the fourteenth century (he died in 1382 in Silesia), which is quite in the style of the Minne-singers both in thought and the carefully varied metre.
Many also of the popular songs were translated
Henry of Loufenburg
Another tenderly-conceived little poem of his is this:--
Henry of Loufenburg also wrote and widely introduced the use of many hymns in mixed Latin and German. Verses of this kind had long been a favourite amusement among the monks
Hymns to the Virgin
CHAPTER V. LUTHER AND HIS FRIENDS. A.D. 1500-1580.
Ulrich von Hutten
ULRICH VON HUTTEN'S SONG.
Still more popular in its own day was the second hymn that Luther ever wrote; no doubt from its containing in short compass a complete epitome
We add Luther's version of the Song of Simeon:--
DEATH IN THE LORD.
CHAPTER VI. HYMNS OF THE REFORMATION. A.D. 1520-1600.
Wie's Gott gefällt, gefällt's mir auch
Or take the following hymn, which surely embodies a noble conception of the duty and the aspirations of a Christian sovereign, and was composed by the prince whose name it bears.
A FAIR MELODY: TO BE SUNG BY GOOD CHRISTIANS.
As this poem makes us understand what many men must have felt when the Gospel was once more made accessible to them in their own language
AN ANTIPHON ON THE PRAISE OF GOD.
The next is a
The last is one of a class of hymns for which they are celebrated--morning and evening hymns.
HYMN FOR THE DYING.
And of Matthesius we give this Miner's Song:
CHAPTER VII. AN INTERVAL. A.D. 1560-1616.
For his own daily prayer he wrote this:--
THE TRUE CHRISTIAN'S VADE-MECUM.
A SPIRITUAL BRIDAL SONG OF THE BELIEVING SOUL, CONCERNING HER HEAVENLY BRIDEGROOM.
CHAPTER VIII. THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR. A.D. 1618-1650.
The following little poem is inscribed
SO HATH GOD LOVED THE WORLD.
The Königsberg Circle
MAY-TIME IN WAR.
Johann von Rist
As many hymns of Rist's are accessible to the English reader, we choose one that is less known, but that strongly illustrates his character.
A SONG OF TEARS.
A SONG OF COMFORT.
In 1638 Heermann's health became so much worse that he was obliged to relinquish his charge at Köben altogether
Du süsser Jesu Christ
IN BODILY PAIN.
AT THE APPROACH OF DEATH.
CHAPTER IX. PAUL GERHARDT AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES. A.D. 1620-1680. cPaul Gerhardt
THE HOPE OF THE CONTRITE.
THE TRUST OF THE TRIED.
THE MARRIAGE OF CHRISTIAN HEARTS.
PATIENCE AND HUMILITY.
TO THE SAVIOUR.
CHAPTER X. THE NEW SCHOOL. A.D. 1635-1700.
Friedrich von Logau
EPITAPH ON HIS WIFE.
Johann Valentin Andrea
Among the leaders of this didactic school may be mentioned a whole family of the name of Olearius, who throughout this century were clergymen and hymn-writers, and the last of whom publishcd, in 1707, one of the earliest works on German hymnology. In the next century it included Hiller and Rambach, two of the chief hymn-writers of that time, and a more famous author in Gellert, whose hymns and odes mark at once its zenith and its close.
Friedrich von Spee
A LOVE-SONG OF THE BRIDE OF CHRIST, IN EARLY SUMMERTIDE.
Johann Scheffler (Angelus Silesius)
THE HIGHEST SEEKS THE LOWEST.
A SONG AT DAY-BREAK.
The Second Silesian School
AGAINST THE LUST OF THE WORLD.
WHY MY SOUL IS GLAD.
CHAPTER XI. THE PIETISTS. A.D. 1660-1750.
Philip Jacob Spener
August Herrmann Franke
JESUS IS ALL IN ALL.
QUIETNESS OF HEART.
Carl Heinrich von Bogatsky
THE ALMIGHTY GOD.
Wolfgang Christoph Dessler
A SONG OF THE CROSS.
Philip Frederick Hiller
THE GROUND OF ALL THINGS.
HE MAKETH ALL OUR BED IN OUR SICKNESS.
SONG OF SUMMER.
CHAPTER XII. THE MYSTICS AND SEPARATISTS. A.D. 1690-1760.
THE KINGDOM OF GOD.
Jesu, mein Erbarmer, höre
THE MOTE IN THE SUNBEAM.
WITHIN AND WITHOUT.
Nein, das Kreuz hat keine Last
THE TIRED CHILD.
THE KING'S FAVOURITES.
THE VIRGIN'S LAMP.
CHAPTER XIII. MODERN TIMES. 1750-1850.
Roman Catholic Hymns
Christian Fürchtegott Gellert
THE SOLACE OF THE LIFE TO COME.
THE DUTY OF THE SCHOLAR.
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock
THE VISION OF GOD.
The following hymn is very commonly used at funerals or at Easter services:--
BETHLEHEM AND CALVARY.