Psalm 127:2
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
It is vainשָׁ֤וְא
(sha·ve)
7723: emptiness, vanityfrom an unused word
for you to riseק֡וּם
(kum)
6965: to arise, stand up, standa prim. root
up early,מַשְׁכִּ֪ימֵי
(mash·ki·mei)
7925: to start or rise earlya prim. root
To retireשֶׁ֗בֶת
(she·vet)
3427: to sit, remain, dwella prim. root
late,מְאַֽחֲרֵי־
(me·'a·cha·rei-)
309: to remain behind, tarrya prim. root
To eatאֹ֭כְלֵי
(o·che·lei)
398: to eata prim. root
the breadלֶ֣חֶם
(le·chem)
3899: bread, foodfrom lacham
of painful labors;הָעֲצָבִ֑ים
(ha·'a·tza·vim;)
6089a: a hurt, pain, toilfrom atsab
For He givesיִתֵּ֖ן
(yit·ten)
5414: to give, put, seta prim. root
to His belovedלִֽידִידֹ֣ו
(li·di·dov)
3039: belovedfrom an unused word
[even in his] sleep.שֵׁנָֽא׃
(she·na.)
8142: sleepfrom yashen







KJV Lexicon
It is vain
shav'  (shawv)
evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain) -- false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
for you to rise up
quwm  (koom)
to rise (in various applications, literal, figurative, intensive and causative)
early
shakam  (shaw-kam')
to load up (on the back of man or beast), i.e. to start early in the morning -- (arise, be up, get (oneself) up, rise up) early (betimes), morning.
to sit up
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry
late
'achar  (aw-khar')
to loiter (i.e. be behind); by implication to procrastinate -- continue, defer, delay, hinder, be late (slack), stay (there), tarry (longer).
to eat
'akal  (aw-kal')
to eat -- at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, freely, in...wise(-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, quite.
the bread
lechem  (lekh'-em)
food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it) -- (shew-)bread, eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.
of sorrows
`etseb  (eh'-tseb)
an earthen vessel; usually (painful) toil; also a pang (whether of body or mind): grievous, idol, labor, sorrow.
for so he giveth
nathan  (naw-than')
to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.)
his beloved
ydiyd  (yed-eed')
loved -- amiable, (well-)beloved, loves.
sleep
shehah  (shay-naw')
sleep -- sleep.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, To retire late, To eat the bread of painful labors; For He gives to His beloved even in his sleep.

King James Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In vain you get up early and stay up late, working hard to have enough food-- yes, He gives sleep to the one He loves.

International Standard Version
It is useless to get up early and to stay up late, eating the food of exhausting labor— truly he gives sleep to those he loves.

NET Bible
It is vain for you to rise early, come home late, and work so hard for your food. Yes, he can provide for those whom he loves even when they sleep.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Those who will rise early and are late to sit down eating bread, in sorrows, are worthless, so he will give his beloved ones sleep.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is useless to work hard for the food you eat by getting up early and going to bed late. The LORD gives [food] to those he loves while they sleep.

King James 2000 Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he gives his beloved sleep.
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