Psalm 127:1
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
A Song of Ascents, of Solomon. Unlessאִם־
(im-)
518: ifa prim. conjunction
the LORDיְהוָ֤ה
(Yah·weh)
3068: the proper name of the God of Israelfrom havah
buildsיִבְנֶ֬ה
(yiv·neh)
1129: to builda prim. root
the house,בַ֗יִת
(va·yit)
1004: a housea prim. root
They laborעָמְל֣וּ
(a·me·lu)
5998: to labor, toila prim. root
in vainשָׁ֤וְא
(sha·ve)
7723: emptiness, vanityfrom an unused word
who buildבֹונָ֣יו
(vo·v·nav)
1129: to builda prim. root
it; Unlessאִם־
(im-)
518: ifa prim. conjunction
the LORDיְהוָ֥ה
(Yah·weh)
3068: the proper name of the God of Israelfrom havah
guardsיִשְׁמָר־
(yish·mar-)
8104: to keep, watch, preservea prim. root
the city,עִ֝֗יר
(ir)
5892b: city, townof uncertain derivation
The watchmanשֹׁומֵֽר׃
(sho·v·mer.)
8104: to keep, watch, preservea prim. root
keeps awakeשָׁקַ֬ד
(sha·kad)
8245: to watch, wakea prim. root
in vain.שָׁ֤וְא
(sha·ve)
7723: emptiness, vanityfrom an unused word







KJV Lexicon
A Song
shiyr  (sheer)
a song; abstractly, singing -- musical(-ick), sing(-er, -ing), song.
of degrees
ma`alah  (mah-al-aw')
elevation, i.e. the act; specifically a climactic progression (in certain Psalms) -- things that come up, (high) degree, deal, go up, stair, step, story.
for Solomon
Shlomoh  (shel-o-mo')
peaceful; Shelomah, David's successor -- Solomon.
Except the LORD
Yhovah  (yeh-ho-vaw')
(the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God -- Jehovah, the Lord.
build
banah  (baw-naw')
to build (literally and figuratively) -- (begin to) build(-er), obtain children, make, repair, set (up), surely.
the house
bayith  (bah'-yith)
a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.)
they labour
`amal  (aw-mal')
to toil, i.e. work severely and with irksomeness -- (take) labour (in).
in vain
shav'  (shawv)
evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain) -- false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
that build
banah  (baw-naw')
to build (literally and figuratively) -- (begin to) build(-er), obtain children, make, repair, set (up), surely.
it except the LORD
Yhovah  (yeh-ho-vaw')
(the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God -- Jehovah, the Lord.
keep
shamar  (shaw-mar')
to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.
the city
`iyr  (eer)
or (in the plural) par {awr}; or ayar (Judges 10:4) {aw-yar'}; a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post) -- Ai (from margin), city, court (from margin), town.
the watchman
shamar  (shaw-mar')
to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.
waketh
shaqad  (shaw-kad')
to be alert, i.e. sleepless; hence to be on the lookout (whether for good or ill) -- hasten, remain, wake, watch (for).
but in vain
shav'  (shawv)
evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain) -- false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
A Song of Ascents, of Solomon. Unless the LORD builds the house, They labor in vain who build it; Unless the LORD guards the city, The watchman keeps awake in vain.

King James Bible
<> Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A Solomonic song of ascents. Unless the LORD builds a house, its builders labor over it in vain; unless the LORD watches over a city, the watchman stays alert in vain.

International Standard Version
Unless the LORD builds the house, its builders labor uselessly. Unless the LORD guards the city, its security forces keep watch uselessly.

NET Bible
A song of ascents, by Solomon. If the LORD does not build a house, then those who build it work in vain. If the LORD does not guard a city, then the watchman stands guard in vain.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If Lord Jehovah does not build the house, its builders labor uselessly, and if Lord Jehovah does not keep the city, its keepers wake up uselessly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[A song by Solomon for going up to worship.] If the LORD does not build the house, it is useless for the builders to work on it. If the LORD does not protect a city, it is useless for the guard to stay alert.

King James 2000 Bible
Unless the LORD builds the house, they labor in vain that build it: unless the LORD keeps the city, the watchman wakes, but in vain.
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