Matthew 12:4
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©GreekStrong'sOrigin
howπῶς
(pōs)
4459: how?interrog. adverb from the same as posos
he enteredεἰσῆλθεν
(eisēlthen)
1525: to go in (to), enterfrom eis and erchomai
the houseοἶκον
(oikon)
3624: a house, a dwellinga prim. word
of God,θεοῦ
(theou)
2316: God, a godof uncertain origin
and they ateἔφαγον
(ephagon)
2068: to eatakin to edó (to eat)
the consecratedπροθέσεως
(protheseōs)
4286: a setting forth, i.e. fig. proposal, spec. the showbread, sacred (bread)from protithémi
bread,ἄρτους
(artous)
740: bread, a loafof uncertain origin
which
(o)
3739: usually rel. who, which, that, also demonstrative this, thata prim. pronoun
was not lawfulἐξὸν
(exon)
1832: it is permitted, lawfulfrom ek and eimi
for him to eat 
 
2068: to eatakin to edó (to eat)
norοὐδὲ
(oude)
3761: and not, neitherfrom ou, and de
for thoseτὸν
(ton)
3588: thethe def. art.
with him, but for the priestsἱερεῦσιν
(iereusin)
2409: a priestfrom hieros
alone?μόνοις
(monois)
3441: alonea prim. word







KJV Lexicon
πως  adverb
pos  poce:  an interrogative particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much! -- how, after (by) what manner (means), that. (Occasionally unexpressed in English).
εισηλθεν  verb - second aorist active indicative - third person singular
eiserchomai  ice-er'-khom-ahee:  to enter -- arise, come (in, into), enter in(-to), go in (through).
εις  preposition
eis  ice:  to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
τον  definite article - accusative singular masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
οικον  noun - accusative singular masculine
oikos  oy'-kos:  a dwelling (more or less extensive, literal or figurative); by implication, a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively) -- home, house(-hold), temple.
του  definite article - genitive singular masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
θεου  noun - genitive singular masculine
theos  theh'-os:  a deity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very -- exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
και  conjunction
kai  kahee:  and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
τους  definite article - accusative plural masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
αρτους  noun - accusative plural masculine
artos  ar'-tos:  bread (as raised) or a loaf -- (shew-)bread, loaf.
της  definite article - genitive singular feminine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
προθεσεως  noun - genitive singular feminine
prothesis  proth'-es-is:  a setting forth, i.e. (figuratively) proposal (intention); specially, the show-bread (in the Temple) as exposed before God -- purpose, shew(-bread).
εφαγεν  verb - second aorist active indicative - third person singular
phago  fag'-o:  to eat -- eat, meat.
ους  relative pronoun - accusative plural masculine
hos  hos:  the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that -- one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.
ουκ  particle - nominative
ou  oo:  no or not -- + long, nay, neither, never, no (man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.
εξον  verb - present impersonal active participle - nominative singular neuter
exesti  ex'-es-tee:  so also exon ex-on' neuter present participle of the same; impersonally, it is right (through the figurative idea of being out in public) -- be lawful, let, may(-est).
ην  verb - imperfect indicative - third person singular
en  ane:  I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were) -- + agree, be, have (+ charge of), hold, use, was(-t), were.
αυτω  personal pronoun - dative singular masculine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
φαγειν  verb - second aorist active middle or passive deponent
phago  fag'-o:  to eat -- eat, meat.
ουδε  adverb
oude  oo-deh':  not however, i.e. neither, nor, not even -- neither (indeed), never, no (more, nor, not), nor (yet), (also, even, then) not (even, so much as), + nothing, so much as.
τοις  definite article - dative plural masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
μετ  preposition
meta  met-ah':  denoting accompaniment; amid (local or causal);
αυτου  personal pronoun - genitive singular masculine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
ει  conditional
ei  i:  if, whether, that, etc. -- forasmuch as, if, that, (al-)though, whether.
μη  particle - nominative
me  may:  any but (that), forbear, God forbid, lack, lest, neither, never, no (wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without.
τοις  definite article - dative plural masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
ιερευσιν  noun - dative plural masculine
hiereus  hee-er-yooce':  a priest -- (high) priest.
μονοις  adjective - dative plural masculine
monos  mon'-os:  remaining, i.e. sole or single; by implication, mere -- alone, only, by themselves.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
how he entered the house of God, and they ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for him to eat nor for those with him, but for the priests alone?

King James Bible
How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
how he entered the house of God, and they ate the sacred bread, which is not lawful for him or for those with him to eat, but only for the priests?

International Standard Version
How is it that he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him and his companions to eat but was reserved for the priests?

NET Bible
how he entered the house of God and they ate the sacred bread, which was against the law for him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
How he entered the house of God, and he ate the bread of the table of THE LORD JEHOVAH, that which was not legal for him to eat, neither for those who were with him, but rather for the priests only?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Haven't you read how he went into the house of God and ate the bread of the presence? He and his men had no right to eat those loaves. Only the priests have that right.

King James 2000 Bible
How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the showbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them who were with him, but only for the priests?
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