931. basanos
Strong's Concordance
basanos: a touchstone (a dark stone used in testing metals), hence examination by torture, torture
Original Word: βάσανος, ου, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: basanos
Phonetic Spelling: (bas'-an-os)
Definition: a touchstone (a dark stone used in testing metals), examination by torture, torture
Usage: torture, torment, examination by torture.
HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 931 básanos – originally, a black, silicon-based stone used as "a touchstone" to test the purity of precious metals (like silver and gold). See 928 (basanízō).

[In the papyri, basanos also means, "touchstone," "test" (so P Oxy I. 58.25, ad 288).

931 (basanois) was "originally (from oriental origin) a touchstone; a 'Lydian stone' used for testing gold because pure gold rubbed on it left a peculiar mark. Then it was used for examination by torture. Sickness was often regarded as 'torture' " (WP, 1, 37).]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of Oriental origin
a touchstone (a dark stone used in testing metals), hence examination by torture, torture
NASB Translation
pains (1), torment (2).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 931: βάσανος

βάσανος, βασάνου, (Curtius, p. 439);

a. the touchstone (called also basanite, LatinlapisLydius), by which gold and other metals are tested.

b. the rack or instrument of torture by which one is forced to divulge the truth.

c. torture, torment, acute pains: used of the pains of disease, Matthew 4:24; of the torments of the wicked after death, ἐν βασάνοις ὑπάρχειν, Luke 16:23 (Wis. 3:1; 4 Macc. 13:14); hence, τόπος τῆς βασάνου is used of Gehenna, Luke 16:28. (In Greek writings from (Theognis), Pindar down.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

Perhaps remotely from the same as basis (through the notion of going to the bottom); a touch-stone, i.e. (by analogy) torture -- torment.

see GREEK basis

Forms and Transliterations
βασανοις βασάνοις βάσανον βάσανόν βάσανος βασανου βασάνου basanois basánois basanou basánou
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 4:24 N-DFP
GRK: νόσοις καὶ βασάνοις συνεχομένους καὶ
NAS: diseases and pains, demoniacs,
KJV: and torments, and
INT: diseases and pains oppressed and

Luke 16:23 N-DFP
GRK: ὑπάρχων ἐν βασάνοις ὁρᾷ Ἀβραὰμ
NAS: being in torment, and saw
KJV: being in torments, and seeth Abraham
INT: being in torment he sees Abraham

Luke 16:28 N-GFS
GRK: τοῦτον τῆς βασάνου
NAS: to this place of torment.'
KJV: this place of torment.
INT: this of torment

Strong's Greek 931
3 Occurrences

βασάνοις — 2 Occ.
βασάνου — 1 Occ.

Top of Page
Top of Page