Zephaniah 2:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD will be awesome against them; for he will famish all the gods of the earth, and to him shall bow down, each in its place, all the lands of the nations.

King James Bible
The LORD will be terrible unto them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place, even all the isles of the heathen.

American Standard Version
Jehovah will be terrible unto them; for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place, even all the isles of the nations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord shall be terrible upon them, and shall consume all the gods of the earth: and they shall adore him every man from his own place, all the islands of the Gentiles.

English Revised Version
The LORD will be terrible unto them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place, even all the isles of the nations.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD will be terrible to them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place, even all the isles of the heathen.

Zephaniah 2:11 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"The godly man has disappeared from the earth, and there is no more a righteous man among men. All lie in wait for blood, they hunt every man his brother with the net. Micah 7:3. Their hands are after evil, to make it good. The prince asks, and the judge is for reward; and the great man, he speaks the evil of his soul: and they twist it together." The grape and the early fig signify the good and the righteous man. חסיד is not the God-fearing man, but, according to the context, the man who cherishes love and fidelity. אבד, not "to have perished," but to be lost, to have disappeared. מן הארץ, not "out of the land," but, as the parallel בּאדם shows, from the earth, out of the world. For the fact itself, compare Psalm 12:2 and Isaiah 57:1. They all lie in wait for blood, i.e., not that they all go about committing murder, but simply that they set their minds upon quarrels, cheating, and treachery, that they may rob their neighbour of his means of existence, so that he must perish (cf. Micah 3:2-3; Micah 2:1-2); at the same time, even murderous thoughts are not excluded. The same thing is implied in the hunting with the net. אח, the brother, is the fellow-countryman (for this figure, compare Psalm 10:9; Psalm 35:7-8, etc.). In Micah 7:3 the words from על הרע to להיטיב are not to be joined to what follows so as to form one sentence. Such a combination is not only opposed to the accents, but is at variance with the structure of the whole verse, which consists of several short clauses, and it does not even yield a natural thought; consequently Ewald proposes to alter the text (שׁואל). הרע is hardly the inf. hiph. "to do evil," but most likely a noun with the article, "the evil;" and the thought is therefore either "both hands are (sc., busy) with evil," or "both hands are stretched out to evil," to make it good, i.e., to carry out the evil well (היטיב as in Jeremiah 2:33), or to give evil such a form that it shall appear to be good, or right. This thought is then made special: the prince, the judge, and the great man, i.e., the rich man and mighty man (Leviticus 19:15; 1 Samuel 25:2), weave a thing to make evil good. עבּת, to weave, to twist together, after עבות, twist or string. The subject to ויעבּתוּה is to be found in the three classes already named, and not merely in the judge and the great man. There is just as little reason for this limitation as for the assumption that the great man and the prince are one person. The way in which the three twist the thing or the evil plan together is indicated in the statements of the three previous clauses. The prince asks, sc. for the condemnation of a righteous or innocent man; and the judge grants this for recompense against compensation; and the rich man co-operates by speaking havvath napshō. Havvâh in most passages is universally allowed to signify hurt, mischief, destruction; and the only question is, whether this meaning is to be traced to הוה equals אוה, to breathe (Hupfeld on Psalm 5:10), or to הוה, to occur, an occurrence, then specially an evil occurrence (Hengstenberg, Diss. on the Pentateuch, vol. i. p. 252). Only in Proverbs 10:3 and the passage before us is havvâh said to signify desire in a bad sense, or evil lust. But, as Caspari has shown, the meaning is neither necessary nor established in either of these two passages. In Proverbs 10:3 the meaning aerumna activa aliisque inferenda is quite sufficient; and C. B. Michaelis has adopted it for the present passage: "The great man speaks the mischief of his soul," i.e., the injury or destruction of another, for which he cherishes a desire. Nephesh, the soul as the seat of desire. הוּא is not introduced to strengthen the suffix attached to נפשׁו, "of his, yea of his soul" (Ewald, Hitzig, Umbreit); for not only are the accents against this, but also the thought, which requires no such strengthening. It is an emphatic repetition of the subject haggâdōl. The great man weaves evil with the king and judge, by desiring it, and expressing the desire in the most open manner, and thereby giving to the thing an appearance of right.

Zephaniah 2:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Deuteronomy 32:38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you...

Hosea 2:17 For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name.

Zechariah 13:2 And it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land...

famish. Heb. make lean. and men.

Psalm 2:8-12 Ask of me, and I shall give you the heathen for your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession...

Psalm 22:27-30 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before you...

Psalm 72:8-11,17 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth...

Psalm 86:9 All nations whom you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord; and shall glorify your name.

Psalm 97:6-8 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory...

Psalm 117:1,2 O praise the LORD, all you nations: praise him, all you people...

Psalm 138:4 All the kings of the earth shall praise you, O LORD, when they hear the words of your mouth.

Isaiah 2:2-4 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains...

Isaiah 11:9,10 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD...

Micah 4:1-3 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains...

Zechariah 2:11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the middle of you...

Zechariah 8:20,23 Thus said the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities...

Zechariah 14:9-21 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one...

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles...

John 4:21-23 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem...

1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying...

the isles.

Genesis 10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

Isaiah 24:14-16 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from the sea...

Isaiah 42:4,10 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law...

Isaiah 49:1 Listen, O isles, to me; and listen, you people, from far; The LORD has called me from the womb...

Cross References
Psalm 72:8
May he have dominion from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth!

Psalm 72:10
May the kings of Tarshish and of the coastlands render him tribute; may the kings of Sheba and Seba bring gifts!

Isaiah 24:15
Therefore in the east give glory to the LORD; in the coastlands of the sea, give glory to the name of the LORD, the God of Israel.

Jeremiah 10:11
Thus shall you say to them: "The gods who did not make the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under the heavens."

Jeremiah 46:25
The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, said: "Behold, I am bringing punishment upon Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh and Egypt and her gods and her kings, upon Pharaoh and those who trust in him.

Daniel 11:18
Afterward he shall turn his face to the coastlands and shall capture many of them, but a commander shall put an end to his insolence. Indeed, he shall turn his insolence back upon him.

Joel 2:11
The LORD utters his voice before his army, for his camp is exceedingly great; he who executes his word is powerful. For the day of the LORD is great and very awesome; who can endure it?

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