Romans 1:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened.

King James Bible
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

American Standard Version
because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was darkened.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because that, when they knew God, they have not glorified him as God, or given thanks; but became vain in their thoughts, and their foolish heart was darkened.

English Revised Version
because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was darkened.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because that when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful, but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

Weymouth New Testament
For when they had come to know God, they did not give Him glory as God nor render Him thanks, but they became absorbed in useless discussions, and their senseless minds were darkened.

Romans 1:21 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Knowing - glorified not

"I think it may be proved from facts that any given people, down to the lowest savages, has at any period of its life known far more than it has done: known quite enough to have enabled it to have got on comfortably, thriven and developed, if it had only done what no man does, all that it knew it ought to do and could do" (Charles Kingsley, "The Roman and the Teuton").

Became vain (ἐματαιώθησαν)

Vain things (μάταια) was the Jews' name for idols. Compare Acts 4:15. Their ideas and conceptions of God had no intrinsic value corresponding with the truth. "The understanding was reduced to work in vacuo. It rendered itself in a way futile" (Godet).

Imaginations (διαλογισμοῖς)

Rev., better, reasonings. See on Matthew 15:19; see on Mark 7:21; see on James 2:4.

Foolish (ἀσύνετος)

See on συνετός prudent, Matthew 11:25, and the kindred word σύνεσις understanding, see on Mark 12:33; see on Luke 2:47. They did not combine the facts which were patent to their observation.

Heart (καρδία)

The heart is, first, the physical organ, the center of the circulation of the blood. Hence, the seat and center of physical life. In the former sense it does not occur in the New Testament. As denoting the vigor and sense of physical life, see Acts 14:17; James 5:5; Luke 21:34. It is used fifty-two times by Paul.

Never used like ψυχή, soul, to denote the individual subject of personal life, so that it can be exchanged with the personal pronoun (Acts 2:43; Acts 3:23; Romans 13:1); nor like πνεῦμα spirit, to denote the divinely-given principle of life.

It is the central seat and organ of the personal life (ψυχή) of man regarded in and by himself. Hence it is commonly accompanied with the possessive pronouns, my, his, thy, etc.

Like our heart it denotes the seat of feeling as contrasted with intelligence. 2 Corinthians 2:4; Romans 9:2; Romans 10:1; 2 Corinthians 6:11; Philippians 1:7. But it is not limited to this. It is also the seat of mental action, feeling, thinking, willing. It is used -

1. Of intelligence, Romans 1:21; 2 Corinthians 3:15; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:18.

continued...

Romans 1:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Romans 1:19,28 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God has showed it to them...

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

they glorified.

Romans 15:9 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to you among the Gentiles...

Psalm 50:23 Whoever offers praise glorifies me: and to him that orders his conversation aright will I show the salvation of God.

Psalm 86:9 All nations whom you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord; and shall glorify your name.

Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal.

Habakkuk 1:15,16 They take up all of them with the angle, they catch them in their net, and gather them in their drag...

Luke 17:15-18 And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God...

2 Timothy 3:2 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

Revelation 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven...

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only are holy: for all nations shall come and worship before you...

but became.

Genesis 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth...

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake...

2 Kings 17:15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them...

Psalm 81:12 So I gave them up to their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.

Ecclesiastes 7:29 See, this only have I found, that God has made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Jeremiah 2:5 Thus said the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity...

Jeremiah 10:3-8,14,15 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax...

Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come to you from the ends of the earth...

Ephesians 4:17,18 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you from now on walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind...

1 Peter 1:18 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

their foolish.

Romans 11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

Deuteronomy 28:29 And you shall grope at noonday, as the blind gropes in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways...

Isaiah 60:2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise on you...

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God...

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

Cross References
Genesis 8:21
And when the LORD smelled the pleasing aroma, the LORD said in his heart, "I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of man's heart is evil from his youth. Neither will I ever again strike down every living creature as I have done.

1 Kings 20:23
And the servants of the king of Syria said to him, "Their gods are gods of the hills, and so they were stronger than we. But let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.

2 Kings 17:15
They despised his statutes and his covenant that he made with their fathers and the warnings that he gave them. They went after false idols and became false, and they followed the nations that were around them, concerning whom the LORD had commanded them that they should not do like them.

Isaiah 44:20
He feeds on ashes; a deluded heart has led him astray, and he cannot deliver himself or say, "Is there not a lie in my right hand?"

Jeremiah 2:5
Thus says the LORD: "What wrong did your fathers find in me that they went far from me, and went after worthlessness, and became worthless?

Jeremiah 9:14
but have stubbornly followed their own hearts and have gone after the Baals, as their fathers taught them.

Jeremiah 17:9
The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately sick; who can understand it?

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